Multimedia Database Systems: Issues and Research Directions by V.S. SubrahmanianMultimedia Database Systems: Issues and Research Directions by V.S. Subrahmanian

Multimedia Database Systems: Issues and Research Directions

byV.S. SubrahmanianEditorSushil Jajodia

Paperback | September 27, 2011

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With the rapid growth in the use of computers to manipulate, process, and reason about multimedia data, the problem of how to store and retrieve such data is becoming increasingly important. Thus, although the field of multimedia database systems is only about 5 years old, it is rapidly becoming a focus for much excitement and research effort. Multimedia database systems are intended to provide unified frameworks for requesting and integrating information in a wide variety of formats, such as audio and video data, document data, and image data. Such data often have special storage requirements that are closely coupled to the various kinds of devices that are used for recording and presenting the data, and for each form of data there are often multiple representations and multiple standards - all of which make the database integration task quite complex. Some of the problems include: - what a multimedia database query means - what kinds of languages to use for posing queries - how to develop compilers for such languages - how to develop indexing structures for storing media on ancillary devices - data compression techniques - how to present and author presentations based on user queries. Although approaches are being developed for a number of these problems, they have often been ad hoc in nature, and there is a need to provide a princi­ pled theoretical foundation.
Title:Multimedia Database Systems: Issues and Research DirectionsFormat:PaperbackDimensions:323 pagesPublished:September 27, 2011Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3642646220

ISBN - 13:9783642646225

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Table of Contents

Towards a Theory of Multimedia Database Systems.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Basic Ideas Underlying the Framework.- 3. Media Instances.- 3.1 The Clinton Example.- 3.2 Examples of Media-Instances.- 4. Indexing Structures and a Query Language for Multimedia Systems.- 4.1 Frame-Based Query Language.- 4.2 The Frame Data Structure.- 4.3 Query Processing Algorithms.- 4.4 Updates in Multimedia Databases.- 5. Multimedia Presentations.- 5.1 Generation of Media Events = Query Processing.- 5.2 Synchronization = Constraint Solving.- 5.3 Internal Synchronization.- 5.4 Media Buffers.- 6. Related Work.- 7. Conclusions.- A Unified Approach to Data Modelling and Retrieval for a Class of Image Database Applications.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Approaches to Image Data Modeling.- 2.1 Terminology.- 2.2 Conventional Data Models.- 2.3 Image Processing/Graphics Systems with Database Functionality.- 2.4 Extended Conventional Data Models.- 2.5 Extensible Data Models.- 2.6 Other Data Models.- 3. Requirements Analysis of Application Areas.- 3.1 A Taxonomy for Image Attributes.- 3.2 A Taxonomy for Retrieval Types.- 3.3 Art Galleries and Museums.- 3.4 Interior Design.- 3.5 Architectural Design.- 3.6 Real Estate Marketing.- 3.7 Face Information Retrieval.- 4. Logical Representations.- 5. Motivations for the Proposed Data Model.- 6. An Overview of AIR Framework.- 6.1 Data Model.- 6.2 The Proposed DBMS Architecture.- 7. Image Database Systems Based on AIR Model.- 8. Image Retrieval Applications Based on the Prototype Implementation of AIR Framework.- 8.1 Realtors Information System.- 8.2 Face Information Retrieval System.- 9. Research Issues in AIR Framework.- 9.1 Query Interface.- 9.2 Algorithms for RSC and RSS Queries.- 9.3 Relevance Feedback Modeling and Improving Retrieval Effectiveness.- 9.4 Elicitation of Semantic Attributes.- 10. Conclusions and Future Direction.- A. Image Logical Structures.- The QBISM Medical Image DBMS.- 1. Introduction.- 2. The Medical Application.- 2.1 Problem Definition.- 2.2 Data Characteristics.- 3. Logical Design.- 3.1 Data Types.- 3.2 Spatial Operations.- 3.3 Schema.- 3.4 Queries.- 4. Physical Database Design.- 4.1 Representation of a VOLUME.- 4.2 Representation of a REGION.- 4.3 Conclusions.- 5. System Issues.- 5.1 Starburst Extensions.- 5.2 System Architecture.- 6. Performance Experiments.- 6.1 Experimental Environment.- 6.2 Single-study Queries.- 6.3 Multi-study Queries.- 6.4 Results from the Performance Experiments.- 7. Conclusions and Future Work.- Retrieval of Pictures Using Approximate Matching.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Picture Representation.- 3. User Interface.- 4. Computation of Similarity Values.- 4.1 Similarity Functions.- 4.2 Object Similarities.- 4.3 Similarities of Non-spatial Relationships.- 4.4 Spatial Similarity Functions.- 5. Conclusion.- Ink as a First-Class Datatype in Multimedia Databases.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Ink as First-Class Data.- 2.1 Expressiveness of Ink.- 2.2 Approximate Ink Matching.- 3. Pictographic Naming.- 3.1 Motivation.- 3.2 A Pictographic Browser.- 3.3 The Window Algorithm.- 3.4 Hidden Markov Models.- 4. The ScriptSearch Algorithm.- 4.1 Definitions.- 4.2 Approaches to Searching Ink.- 4.3 Searching for Patterns in Noisy Text.- 4.4 The ScriptSearch Algorithm.- 4.5 Evaluation of ScriptSearch.- 4.6 Experimental Results.- 4.7 Discussion.- 5. Searching Large Databases.- 5.1 The HMM-Tree.- 5.2 The Handwritten Trie.- 5.3 Inter-character Strokes.- 5.4 Performance.- 6. Conclusions.- Indexing for Retrieval by Similarity.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Shape Matching.- 2.1 Rectangular Shape Covers.- 2.2 Storage Structure.- 2.3 Queries.- 2.4 Approximate Match.- 2.5 An Example.- 2.6 Experiment.- 3. Word Matching.- 4. Discussion.- Filtering Distance Queries in Image Retrieval.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Spatial Access Methods and Image Retrieval.- 2.1 Query Processor.- 2.2 Image Objects and Spatial Predicates.- 3. Snapshot.- 3.1 Regular Grid with Locational Keys.- 3.2 Clustering Technique.- 3.3 Extensible Hashing.- 3.4 Organization of Snapshot.- 4. Filtering Metric Queries with Snapshot.- 4.1 Search Algorithm.- 4.2 Min Algorithm.- 5. Optimization of Spatial Queries.- 6. Conclusions and Future Work.- Stream-based Versus Structured Video Objects: Issues, Solutions, and Challenges.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Stream-based Presentation.- 2.1 Continuous Display.- 2.2 Pipelining to Minimize Latency Time.- 2.3 High Bandwidth Objects and Scalable Servers.- 2.4 Challenges.- 3. Structured Presentation.- 3.1 Atomic Object Layer.- 3.2 Composed Object Layer.- 3.3 Challenges.- 4. Conclusion.- The Storage and Retrieval of Continuous Media Data.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Retrieving Continuous Media Data.- 3. Matrix-Based Allocation.- 3.1 Storage Allocation.- 3.2 Buffering.- 3.3 Repositioning.- 3.4 Implementation of VCR Operations.- 4. Variable Disk Transfer Rates.- 5. Horizontal Partitioning.- 5.1 Storage Allocation.- 5.2 Retrieval.- 6. Vertical Partitioning.- 6.1 Size of Buffers.- 6.2 Data Retrieval.- 7. Related Work.- 8. Research Issues.- 8.1 Load Balancing and Fault Tolerance Issues.- 8.2 Storage Issues.- 8.3 Data Retrieval Issues.- 9. Concluding Remarks.- Querying Multimedia Databases in SQL.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Automobile Multimedia Database Example.- 3. Logical Query Language.- 4. Querying Multimedia Databases in SQL.- 5. Expressing User Requests in SQL.- 6. Conclusions.- Multimedia Authoring Systems.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Underlying Technology.- 2.1 ODBC.- 2.2 OLE.- 2.3 DDE.- 2.4 DLL.- 2.5 MCI.- 3. Sample Application - "Find-Movie".- 4. Multimedia Toolbook 3.0.- 5. IconAuthor 6.0.- 6. Director 4.0.- 7. MAS's and Current Technology.- 7.1 How to improve MAS's?.- 7.2 How to Benefit from MAS's in Multimedia Research.- 8. Conclusion.- Metadata for Building the Multimedia Patch Quilt.- 1. Introduction.- 2. Characterization of the Ontology.- 2.1 Terminological Commitments: Constructing an Ontology.- 2.2 Controlled Vocabulary for Digital Media.- 2.3 Better understanding of the query.- 2.4 Ontology Guided Extraction of Metadata.- 3. Construction and Design of Metadata.- 3.1 Classification of Metadata.- 3.2 Meta-correlation: The Key to Media-Independent Semantic Correlation.- 3.3 Extractors for Metadata.- 3.4 Storage of Metadata.- 4. Association of Digital Media Data with Metadata.- 4.1 Association of Metadata with Image Data.- 4.2 Association of Symbolic Descriptions with Image Data.- 4.3 Metadata for Multimedia Objects.- 5. Conclusion.- Contributors.