Multiple Myeloma: Learn What Is Cause, Risk Factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Health Care by National Cancer Institute

Multiple Myeloma: Learn What Is Cause, Risk Factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Health Care

byNational Cancer Institute

Kobo ebook | November 23, 2012

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Multiple myeloma (from Greek myelo-, bone marrow), also known as plasma cell myeloma or Kahler's disease (after Otto Kahler), is a cancer of plasma cells, a type of white blood cell normally responsible for producing antibodies. In multiple myeloma, collections of abnormal plasma cells accumulate in the bone marrow, where they interfere with the production of normal blood cells. Most cases of myeloma also feature the production of a paraprotein—an abnormal antibody which can cause kidney problems. Bone lesions and hypercalcemia (high calcium levels) are also often encountered.

Myeloma is diagnosed with blood tests (serum protein electrophoresis, serum free kappa/lambda light chain assay), bone marrow examination, urine protein electrophoresis, and X-rays of commonly involved bones. Myeloma is generally thought to be treatable but incurable. Remissions may be induced with steroids, chemotherapy, proteasome inhibitors (e.g. bortezomib), immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs) such as thalidomide or lenalidomide, and stem cell transplants. Radiation therapy is sometimes used to reduce pain from bone lesions.

Myeloma develops in 1–4 per 100,000 people per year. It is more common in men, and for unknown reasons is twice as common in African-Americans as it is in white Americans. With conventional treatment, median survival is 3–4 years, which may be extended to 5–7 years or longer with advanced treatments. Multiple myeloma is the second most common hematological malignancy in the U.S. (after non-Hodgkin lymphoma), and constitutes 1% of all cancers.

Title:Multiple Myeloma: Learn What Is Cause, Risk Factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Health CareFormat:Kobo ebookPublished:November 23, 2012Publisher:MedHealthLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN:9990005969260

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