Muslims And Matriarchs: Cultural Resilience In Indonesia Through Jihad And Colonialism by Jeffrey HadlerMuslims And Matriarchs: Cultural Resilience In Indonesia Through Jihad And Colonialism by Jeffrey Hadler

Muslims And Matriarchs: Cultural Resilience In Indonesia Through Jihad And Colonialism

byJeffrey Hadler

Hardcover | October 9, 2008

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Muslims and Matriarchs is a history of an unusual, probably heretical, and ultimately resilient cultural system. The Minangkabau culture of West Sumatra, Indonesia, is well known as the world's largest matrilineal culture; Minangkabau people are also Muslim and famous for their piety. In this book, Jeffrey Hadler examines the changing ideas of home and family in Minangkabau from the late eighteenth century to the 1930s.

Minangkabau has experienced a sustained and sometimes violent debate between Muslim reformists and preservers of indigenous culture. During a protracted and bloody civil war of the early nineteenth century, neo-Wahhabi reformists sought to replace the matriarchate with a society modeled on that of the Prophet Muhammad. In capitulating, the reformists formulated an uneasy truce that sought to find a balance between Islamic law and local custom. With the incorporation of highland West Sumatra into the Dutch empire in the aftermath of this war, the colonial state entered an ongoing conversation. These existing tensions between colonial ideas of progress, Islamic reformism, and local custom ultimately strengthened the matriarchate.

The ferment generated by the trinity of oppositions created social conditions that account for the disproportionately large number of Minangkabau leaders in Indonesian politics across the twentieth century. The endurance of the matriarchate is testimony to the fortitude of local tradition, the unexpected flexibility of reformist Islam, and the ultimate weakness of colonialism. Muslims and Matriarchs is particularly timely in that it describes a society that experienced a neo-Wahhabi jihad and an extended period of Western occupation but remained intellectually and theologically flexible and diverse.

The late Jeffrey Hadler was Associate Professor in the Department of South and Southeast Asian Studies and Chair of the Center for Southeast Asia Studies at the University of California, Berkeley.
Title:Muslims And Matriarchs: Cultural Resilience In Indonesia Through Jihad And ColonialismFormat:HardcoverDimensions:232 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.35 inPublished:October 9, 2008Publisher:Cornell University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:080144697X

ISBN - 13:9780801446979

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Table of Contents

Introduction: Culture of Paradox

1. Contention Unending

2. Shapes of the House

3. Interiors and Shapes of the Family

4. Educating Children

5. Intimate Contention

6. Earthquake

7. Families in Motion

Conclusion: Victorious Buffalo, Resilient Matriarchate


Editorial Reviews

"The text can be seen as a dialogue with the divergent types of studies on Minangkabau written by foreign and local-born scholars as well as by Minangkabau literati. Hardly any important topic is left out and hardly any significant and related event is left untouched. Muslims and Matriarchs is one of the most thought-provoking books ever written on Minangkabau, and perhaps also on Indonesia as a whole. It is certainly one of the best written in the last two decades."—Taufik Abdullah