Nanometer CMOS ICs: from Basics to ASICs by Harry VeendrickNanometer CMOS ICs: from Basics to ASICs by Harry Veendrick

Nanometer CMOS ICs: from Basics to ASICs

byHarry Veendrick

Hardcover | April 21, 2008

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CMOS technologies account for almost 90% of all integrated circuits (ICs). This book provides an essential introduction to nanometer CMOS ICs. The contents of this book are based upon several previous publications and editions entitled 'MOS ICs' and 'Deep-Submicron CMOS ICs'.

Nanometer CMOS ICsis fully updated and is not just a copy-and-paste of previous material. It includes aspects of scaling up to and beyond 32nm CMOS technologies and designs. It clearly describes the fundamental CMOS operating principles and presents substantial insight into the various aspects of design implementation and application. In contrast to other works on this topic, the book explores all associated disciplines of nanometer CMOS ICs, including physics, design, technology, yield, packaging, less-power design, variability, reliability and signal integrity. Finally it also includes extensive discussions on the trends and challenges for further scaling. The text is based upon in-house Philips and NXP Semiconductors courseware, which, to date, has been completed by more than 3000 engineers working in a large variety of related disciplines: architecture, design, test, process, packaging, failure analysis and software.

Carefully structured and enriched by in-depth exercises, hundreds of colour figures and photographs and many references, the book is well-suited for the purpose of self-study.

Title:Nanometer CMOS ICs: from Basics to ASICsFormat:HardcoverDimensions:730 pagesPublished:April 21, 2008Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:1402083327

ISBN - 13:9781402083327


Table of Contents

Foreword. Preface. Overview of symbols. List of physical constants. 1 Basic Principles. 1.1 Introduction. 1.2 The field-effect principle. 1.3 The inversion-layer MOS transistor. 1.4 Derivation of simple MOS formulae. 1.5 The back-bias effect (back-gate effect, body effect) and the effect of forward-bias. 1.6 Factors which characterise the behaviour of the MOS transistor. 1.7 Different types of MOS transistors. 1.8 Parasitic MOS transistors. 1.9 MOS transistor symbols. 1.10 Capacitances in MOS structures. 1.11 Conclusions. 1.12 References. 1.13 Exercises. 2 Geometrical-, physical- and field-scaling impact on MOS transistor behaviour. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 The zero field mobility. 2.3 Carrier mobility reduction. 2.4 Channel length modulation. 2.5 Short- and narrow-channel effects. 2.6 Temperature influence on carrier mobility and threshold voltage. 2.7 MOS transistor leakage mechanisms. 2.8 Conclusions. 2.9 References. 2.10 Exercises. 3 Manufacture of MOS devices. 3.1 Introduction. 3.2 Different substrates (wafers) as starting material. 3.3 Lithography in MOS processes. 3.4 Etching. 3.5 Oxidation. 3.6 Deposition. 3.7 Diffusion and ion implantation. 3.8 Planarisation. 3.9 Basic MOS technologies. 3.10 Conclusions. 3.11 References. 3.12 Exercises. 4 CMOS circuits. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 The basic nMOS inverter. 4.3 Electrical design of CMOS circuits. 4.4 Digital CMOS circuits. 4.5 CMOS input and output (I/O) circuits. 4.6 The layout process. 4.7 Conclusions. 4.8 References. 4.9 Exercises. 5 Special circuits, devices and technologies. 5.1 Introduction. 5.2 CCD and CMOS image sensors. 5.3 Power MOSFET transistors. 5.4 BICMOS digital circuits. 5.5 Conclusions. 5.6 References. 5.7 Exercises. 6 Memories. 6.1 Introduction. 6.2 Serial memories. 6.3 Content-addressable memories (CAM). 6.4 Random-access memories (RAM). 6.5 Non-volatile memories. 6.6 Embedded memories. 6.7 Classification of the various memories. 6.8 Conclusions. 6.9 References. 6.10 Exercises. 7 Very Large Scale Integration (VLSI) and ASICs. 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 Digital ICs. 7.3 Abstraction levels for VLSI. 7.4 Digital VLSI design. 7.5 The use of ASICs. 7.6 Silicon realisation of VLSI and ASICs. 7.7 Conclusions. 7.8 References. 7.9 Exercises. 8 Low power, a hot topic in IC design. 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 Battery technology summary. 8.3 Sources of CMOS power consumption. 8.4 Technology options for low power. 8.5 Design options for power reduction. 8.6 Computing power versus chip power, a scaling perspective. 8.7 Conclusions. 8.8 References. 8.9 Exercises. 9 Robustness of nanometer CMOS designs: signal integrity, variability and reliability. 9.1 Introduction. 9.2 Clock generation, clock distribution and critical timing. 9.3 Signal integrity. 9.4 Variability. 9.5 Reliability. 9.6 Design organisation. 9.7 Conclusions. 9.8 References. 9.9 Exercises. 10 Testing, yield, packaging, debug and failure analysis. 10.1 Introduction. 10.2 Testing. 10.3 Yield. 10.4 Packaging. 10.5 Potential first silicon problems. 10.6 First-silicon debug and failure analysis. 10.7 Conclusions. 10.8 References. 10.9 Exercises. 11 Effects of scaling on MOS IC design and consequences for the roadmap. 11.1 Introduction. 11.2 Transistor scaling effects. 11.3 Interconnection scaling effects. 11.4 Scaling consequences for overall chip performance and robustness. 11.5 Potential limitations of the pace of scaling. 11.6 Conclusions. 11.7 References. 11.8 Exercises.