Narrative and the Politics of Identity: The Cultural Psychology of Israeli and Palestinian Youth

Hardcover | January 11, 2011

byPhillip L. Hammack

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Since the late nineteenth century, Jews and Arabs have been locked in an intractable battle for national recognition in a land of tremendous historical and geopolitical significance. While historians and political scientists have long analyzed the dynamics of this bitter conflict, rarely hasan archeology of the mind of those who reside within the matrix of conflict been attempted. This book not only offers a psychological analysis of the consequences of conflict for the psyche, it develops an innovative, compelling, and cross-disciplinary argument about the mutual constitution ofculture and mind through the process of life-story construction. But the book pushes boundaries further through an analysis of two peace education programs designed to fundamentally alter the nature of young Israeli and Palestinian life stories. Hammack argues that these popular interventions, rooted in the idea of prejudice reduction through contact and thecultivation of 'cosmopolitan' identities, are fundamentally flawed due to their refusal to deal with the actual political reality of young Israeli and Palestinian lives and their attempt to construct an alternative narrative of great hope but little resonance for Israelis and Palestinians. Groundedin over a century of literature that spans the social sciences, Hammack's analysis of young Israeli and Palestinian lives captures the complex, dynamic relationship among politics, history, and identity and offers a provocative and audacious proposal for psychology and peace education.

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Since the late nineteenth century, Jews and Arabs have been locked in an intractable battle for national recognition in a land of tremendous historical and geopolitical significance. While historians and political scientists have long analyzed the dynamics of this bitter conflict, rarely hasan archeology of the mind of those who reside...

Philip L. Hammack is Assistant Professor in the Department of Psychology at the University of California, Santa Cruz.

other books by Phillip L. Hammack

Format:HardcoverDimensions:448 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:January 11, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195394461

ISBN - 13:9780195394467

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Table of Contents

PrefacePart 1. OrientationsA Note on Geographic TerminologyPrologue1. Culture, Identity, and Story: A Framework for the Study of LivesI. Preliminary ProvocationsII. Capturing CultureIII. Interrogating IdentityIV. The Cultural Psychology of IdentityV. Experimenting with IdentityVI. The Cosmopolitan IdealVII. Identity as Burden or Benefit?VIII. Politicizing Psychology, Psychologizing PoliticsIX. An Orientation2. A "Stranger" in the Holy LandI. A PositionII. A Personal NarrativeIII. Approaching the Study of LivesIV. The Politics of the FieldV. Field Sites in Israel and PalestineJerusalemRamallahQadasBeit Jala and BethlehemTulkarm and NablusTel AvivTaybehHaifaThe GilboaVI. Field Sites in the United StatesSeeds of PeaceHands of PeaceVII. The IntervieweesVIII. The Interview ProcedureIX. Analytic StrategyPart 2. Stories3. "Jewish in My Blood": Stories of Jewish Israeli YouthI. The Master Narrative of Jewish Israeli IdentityAn IntroductionContestationsTheme 1: Persecution and VictimizationTheme 2: Existential InsecurityTheme 3: ExceptionalismTheme 4: Delegitimization of Palestinian IdentitySummaryII. The Stories of YouthYossi: The Ambivalent PragmatistNoa: The KibbutznikRoai: The SettlerAyelet: The CosmopolitanIII. Summary: The Cultural Psychology of Jewish Israeli Youth4. "It's Not a Normal Life We Lead": Stories of Palestinian YouthI. The Master Narrative of Palestinian IdentityAn IntroductionContestationsTheme 1: Loss and DispossessionTheme 2: ResistanceTheme 3: Existential InsecurityTheme 4: Delegitimization of Israeli IdentitySummaryII. The Stories of YouthAli: The Unlikely IslamistAdara: The Pious VillagerLuca: The Christian FighterLubna: The SurvivorIII. Summary: The Cultural Psychology of Palestinian Youth5. "I Had a War with Myself": Palestinian-Israeli Youth and the Narration of Hyphenated IdentitiesI. The Master Narrative of Palestinian-Israeli IdentityTheme 1: Discrimination and SubordinationTheme 2: Hyphenation and "Double Marginality"Theme 3: Existential InsecuritySummary: The Palestinian-Israeli Master NarrativeII. The Stories of Youth"I am Israeli First": The Story of Jibril"I Had a War with Myself": The Story of Rania"I am Divided between the Two": The Story of SamiIII. Summary: The Cultural Psychology of Palestinian-Israeli YouthPart 3. Interventions6. Peace and the Politics of Contact: A Brief HistoryI. Contact: The Allure and the ChallengeII. The Pathology of PrejudiceIII. The Normative Psychology of PrejudiceIV. From Personality to IdentityV. Identity and the Cultural Psychology of ContactVI. The Idea of Israeli-Palestinian ContactVII. Contact, Narrative, and Identity7. Re-Storying Self and Other: An American ExperimentI. The Synagogue and the MosqueII. Identity Transcendence"I Had Never Even Spoken to an Arab": The Story of Liat"I Have Been Changed a Lot": The Story of Laila"Maybe They are the Victim, the Real Victim": The Story of NoaSummary: The Problem of TranscendenceIII. Identity AccentuationThe Fatalist: The Story of MohammedThe Settler: Revisiting the Story of RoaiThe New Palestinian: Revisiting the Story of JibrilIV. From Transcendence to Accentuation: An Analysis of Two Narratives over TimeThe Cosmopolitan: Revisiting the Story of AyeletThe Realist: Revisiting the Story of LailaV. Conclusion: Contact and IdentityPart 4. Possibilities8. Peace, Justice, and the Politics of Identity: Toward a New PraxisI. A Virtual DialogueII. Ambitious ArgumentsIII. Narrative and the Psychological Infrastructure of ConflictIV. Against CosmopolitanismAmerican Intervention as a "Civilizing" ProjectThe Problem of Power and Social StructureThe Meaning of ContactV. What's Wrong with Identity?VI. Psychology and the Politics of a New Praxis: From Interpretation to Social ChangeUndisciplining the DisciplinePoliticizing Peace PsychologyPeril and Promise in Israeli and Palestinian LivesReferences