Nationality and Citizenship in Revolutionary France: The Treatment of Foreigners 1789-1799

Hardcover | July 6, 2000

byMichael Rapport

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In 1789 the French Revolution opened with a cosmopolitan flourish and progressive observers across the world hailed a new era of international fraternity, based on a new kind of politics. Foreigners were welcomed to France, to enrich the regenerated nation and to become citizens. By theTerror of 1793-94, however, this universalist promise had all but died. Some foreigners in France were guillotined, hundreds of others were jailed, expelled, watched closely and were obliged to carry special identity cards. How and why foreignors were squeezed out of French social and politicallife- and to what extent- is the subject of this book. Besides such issues as citizenship, nationality, passports and surveillance, this study considers the experience of specific types of foreignors, like those who served in the French army; in the clergy; foreign radicals or patriots; and those who contributed to French economic life. The dramatictransformation in the fortunes of foreignors during the revolution reveals much about the origins of modern concepts of nationality and citizenship and the development of national identities. In defining the limit of the nation, the revolutionaries and foreignors alike faced difficulties which haveparticular ressonance today.

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In 1789 the French Revolution opened with a cosmopolitan flourish and progressive observers across the world hailed a new era of international fraternity, based on a new kind of politics. Foreigners were welcomed to France, to enrich the regenerated nation and to become citizens. By theTerror of 1793-94, however, this universalist pr...

Michael Rapport is a Lecturer in History at University of Stirling.

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Format:HardcoverPublished:July 6, 2000Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198208456

ISBN - 13:9780198208457

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`Michael Rapport has produced an interesting, concise and nuanced work which will be of interest to a wide range of historians.'Paul Lawrence, Reviews in History