Natural Uv Radiation In Enhancing Survival Value And Quality Of Plants by Swati Sen MandiNatural Uv Radiation In Enhancing Survival Value And Quality Of Plants by Swati Sen Mandi

Natural Uv Radiation In Enhancing Survival Value And Quality Of Plants

bySwati Sen Mandi

Hardcover | May 3, 2017

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This book is the first of its kind to highlight the positive impact of natural UV radiation on plants through unique adaptations in various metabolic pathways, and provides an evolutionary sketch of the development of molecular mechanisms for protecting plants from solar UV ever since their migration to terrestrial habitats. Experimental evidence is provided for establishing how plants, through their stationary habit in the open field, survive and flourish by developing suitable UV acclimation strategies through the repair of damaged macromolecules and/or upregulation of screening compounds viz. flavonoids. Presenting an analysis of related literature, it also highlights the importance of outdoor experiments over those in closed chamber under artificial UV light for obtaining realistic data.

The book presents a comprehensive account of the stratospheric ozone layer, its formation and seasonal thinning, with particular reference to alarming anthropogenic destruction of the ozone layer since the last quarter of the twentieth century, which has resulted in increased UV fluence on Earth. It discusses variations in the hazardous impact of UV on life at different latitudes through the ages, and examines altitudinal variations in UV effects in case studies demonstrating high antioxidant content and aroma status in Darjeeling tea leaves (at high altitudes) compared with those of the same tea clones in Assam leaves (at low altitudes), with both sites being at the same latitude. It provides evidence which suggests that the UV effects relating to the expression of seed vigour-viability could be epigenetic.

Further, it presents recently developed microscopic technologies for demonstrating the penetration of UV into plant cells, and discusses how cellular metabolism can be affected either directly or via signal transduction. Effect of damage in DNA (the key target of UV radiation) has been demonstrated and estimated using precise techniques. The latest "FOX Hunting" technique as a useful means of transcriptome analysis that may be used for developing UV tolerant plants through Marker Assisted Breeding has also been discussed. Using biochemical and biotechnological methods, the experiments presented highlight the gene X environment based upregulation of specific metabolic pathways, allowing i) value addition in plant-derived food, and ii) paving the way for the industrial manufacture of Alternative Medicine products. The book is enriched by a critical review of the available literature and appropriate case studies selected from the author's own findings, which span nearly four decades of active research.

Prof Swati Sen Mandi, basically an experimental biologist specialized in plant molecular biology, since her PhD at Cambridge University, UK, has been devoting all her research career to understand how plant system responds to abiotic stresses of all kinds. From studies on cell molecular events on (rice) seeds stored under ambient stora...
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Title:Natural Uv Radiation In Enhancing Survival Value And Quality Of PlantsFormat:HardcoverDimensions:204 pages, 25.4 × 17.8 × 0.25 inPublished:May 3, 2017Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:8132227654

ISBN - 13:9788132227656

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Table of Contents

1. Natural Ultraviolet Radiation.- 2. Effect Of UV Radiation On Life Forms.- 3. UV Radiation Induced Damage at Molecular Level.- 4. Signal Transduction Transmitting UV Effect In Plant Cells.- 5. UV Induced Acclimation Strategies In Plants.- 6. Genotype X (UV) Environment Interaction-based Trait Expression.- 7. Breeding/Transgenic Approach for Enhancing UV Adaptive Traits in Plants.