Nephrocalcinosis Calcium Antagonists and Kidney by Karl-Horst BichlerNephrocalcinosis Calcium Antagonists and Kidney by Karl-Horst Bichler

Nephrocalcinosis Calcium Antagonists and Kidney

byKarl-Horst BichlerEditorWalter L. Strohmaier

Paperback | April 16, 2012

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The effect of calcium antagonists on heart muscle and blood circulation is the reason that they have found widespread clinical application for a number of years. Less well known, in contrast, is the effect this group of substances has on the kidneys, both on kidney cells and the blood flow through the kidneys. This effect was the subject of a workshop we organized in Tiibingen in June 1986. Different groups studied the effects of these substances, especially in animals, on the processing of calcium by the kidney cells and on blood flow. A possible explanation is that the calcium antagonists block the influx of calcium through special cell canals, especially the cells of the distal tubule. It is necessary to test whether there is a blockade or only a reduction in the passage of calcium. Our understanding of the effect of calcium antagonists is in large part based on the results of morphologic, physiologic, and pharmacologic studies of calcium in the kidneys. The particular processes involved in nephrocalcinosis are special objects of study with regard to calcium antagonists. This book presents the results of experimental studies of the effect of calcium antagonists on nephrocalcinosis and acute renal failure after ischemia. In this context, the clinician is particularly interested in the use of calcium antagonists to protect against the kidney in urolithiasis, in acute renal failure and during kidney transplantation. The book is thus of interest to urologists and nephrologists as well as pharmacologists. biochemists, physiologists, and others in research.
Title:Nephrocalcinosis Calcium Antagonists and KidneyFormat:PaperbackDimensions:190 pages, 29.7 × 21 × 0.02 inPublished:April 16, 2012Publisher:Springer NatureLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3642728596

ISBN - 13:9783642728594

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Table of Contents

Fundamentals.- Nephron- and Collecting Duct Structure in the Kidney, Rat.- Cellular Mechanisms of Renal Calcium Transport.- Factors Influencing Renal Calcium Excretion.- Ca2+ Antagonists - Mode of Action and Pharmacodynamics.- Nephrocalcinosis and Calcium Antagonists.- Pathological Anatomy, Etiology, and Pathogenesis of Nephrocalcinosis.- Clinical Aspects of Nephrocalcinosis.- Nephrocalcinosis in the Kidney of the Rat on Atherogenic Diet and the Effect of Calcium Antagonists (Nifedipine).- Influence of Calcium Antagonists (Nifedipine) on the Excretion of Calcium and Other Substances Relevant for Stone Formation in Rats with Nephrocalcinosis (Induced by Atherogenic Diet).- The Unique Chemical Composition of Nephrocalcinosis in Experimental Renal Insufficiency, Disturbances of Cellular Calcium Metabolism, and Protective Effect of Verapamil Against Nephrocalcinosis.- Calcium Antagonists in Acute Renal Failure and in Hypertension. Calcium Antagonists in Ischemic Acute Renal Failure (Improvement of Function and Morphologie Damage by Nisoldipine).- Effect of Calcium Antagonist Diltiazem on Acute Renal Failure: Experiments on Animals and Clinical Studies.- Renal Function in Hypertensive Patients and Calcium Entry Blockers.