Neural Plasticity and Cognitive Development: Insights from Children with Perinatal Brain Injury

Hardcover | May 1, 2012

byJoan Stiles, Judy S. Reilly, Susan C. Levine

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The advent of modern neurobiological methods over the last three decades has provided overwhelming evidence that it is the interaction of genetic factors and the experience of the individual that guides and supports brain development. Brains do not develop normally in the absence of criticalgenetic signaling, and they do not develop normally in the absence of essential environmental input. The key to understanding the origins and emergence of both the brain and behavior lies in understanding how inherited and environmental factors are engaged in the dynamic and interactive processesthat define and direct development of the neurobehavioral system.Neural Plasticity and Cognitive Development focuses on children who suffered focal brain insult (typically stroke) in the pre- or perinatal period which provides a model for exploring the dynamic nature of early brain and cognitive development. In most, though not all, of the cases considered, theinjuries affect substantial portions of one cerebral hemisphere, resulting in patterns of neural damage that would compromise cognitive ability in adults. However, longitudinal behavioral studies of this population of children have revealed only mild cognitive deficits, and preliminary data fromfunctional brain imaging studies suggest that alternative patterns of functional organization emerge in the wake of early injury. Neural Plasticity and Cognitive Development posits that the capacity for adaptation is not the result of early insult. Rather, it reflects normal developmentalprocesses which are both dynamic and adaptive operating against a backdrop of serious perturbation of the neural substrate.

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The advent of modern neurobiological methods over the last three decades has provided overwhelming evidence that it is the interaction of genetic factors and the experience of the individual that guides and supports brain development. Brains do not develop normally in the absence of criticalgenetic signaling, and they do not develop no...

Joan Stiles, PhD is Emeritus Professor of Cognitive Sciences at the University of California, San Diego, La Jolla, CA. Judy S. Reilly, PhD is Emeritus Professor of Psychology at San Diego State University in San Diego, CA. Susan C. Levine, PhD is Stella M. Rowley Professor in the Departments of Psychology, Comparative Human Developme...

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$81.84 online$83.95list price
Format:HardcoverDimensions:368 pages, 9.25 × 6.12 × 0.98 inPublished:May 1, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195389948

ISBN - 13:9780195389944

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Table of Contents

PrefacePART 1: Neurobiology1. Neuroplasticity and the Developing Brain2. The Basics of Brain Development3. Etiology and Neurological Effects of Perinatal StrokePART 2: Behavioral Studies4. Somatosensory and Motor Processes5. Visuospatial Processes6. Attention, Memory and Executive Functions7. Early Communicative Development to First Words8. Later Language Development: Syntax and Discourse9. Plasticity of Overall Intellectual Functioning: Evidence from Standardized TestsPART 3: Clinical and Theoretical Implications10. Clinical Implications11. Toward and Integrative Model of Neurobehavioral DevelopmentIndex