Neurobiology of Attention

Other | March 31, 2005

byLaurent Itti, Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees...

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A key property of neural processing in higher mammals is the ability to focus resources by selectively directing attention to relevant perceptions, thoughts or actions. Research into attention has grown rapidly over the past two decades, as new techniques have become available to study higher brain function in humans, non-human primates, and other mammals.Neurobiology of Attentionis the first encyclopedic volume to summarize the latest developments in attention research.

An authoritative collection of over 100 chapters organized into thematic sections provides both broad coverage and access to focused, up-to-date research findings. This book presents a state-of-the-art multidisciplinary perspective on psychological, physiological and computational approaches to understanding the neurobiology of attention. Ideal for students, as a reference handbook or for rapid browsing, the book has a wide appeal to anybody interested in attention research.

* Contains numerous quick-reference articles covering the breadth of investigation into the subject of attention
* Provides extensive introductory commentary to orient and guide the reader
* Includes the most recent research results in this field of study

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From the Publisher

A key property of neural processing in higher mammals is the ability to focus resources by selectively directing attention to relevant perceptions, thoughts or actions. Research into attention has grown rapidly over the past two decades, as new techniques have become available to study higher brain function in humans, non-human primate...

Format:OtherDimensions:744 pages, 1 × 1 × 1 inPublished:March 31, 2005Publisher:Academic PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0080454313

ISBN - 13:9780080454313

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Table of Contents

Contributors


Foreword: Neurobiology of Attention


Preface


A Brief and Selective History of Attention


A Tour of This Volume


Section I: Foundations


Chapter 1: Computational Foundations for Attentive Processes


Chapter 2: Capacity Limits for Spatial Discrimination


Chapter 3: Directed Visual Attention and the Dynamic Control of Information Flow


Chapter 4: Selective Attention as an Optimal Computational Strategy


Chapter 5: Surprise: A Shortcut for Attention?


Chapter 6: A Heteromodal Large-Scale Network for Spatial Attention


Chapter 7: Parietal Mechanisms of Attentional Control: Locations, Features, and Objects


Chapter 8: Visual Cortical Circuits and Spatial Attention


Chapter 9: Psychopharmacology of Human Attention


Chapter 10: Neuropharmacology of Attention


Chapter 11: Identifying the Neural Systems of Top-Down Attentional Control: A Meta-analytic Approach


Chapter 12: Attention Capture: The Interplay of Expectations, Attention, and Awareness


Chapter 13: Change Blindness


Chapter 14: Development of Covert Orienting in Young Infants


Chapter 15: Prior Entry


Chapter 16: Inhibition of Return


Chapter 17: Guidance of Visual Search by Preattentive Information


Chapter 18: The Top in Top-Down Attention


Chapter 19: Allocation of Attention in Three-Dimensional Space


Chapter 20: Covert Attention and Saccadic Eye Movements


Chapter 21: Prefrontal Selection and Control of Covert and Overt Orienting


Chapter 22: Dissociation of Selection from Saccade Programming


Chapter 23: Space- and Object-Based Attention


Chapter 24: Attention and Binding


Chapter 25: Top-Down Facilitation of Visual Object Recognition


Chapter 26: Spatial Processing of Environmental Representations


Chapter 27: Decision and Attention


Chapter 28: Visual Attention and Emotional Perception


Chapter 29: The Difference between Visual Attention and Awareness: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective


Chapter 30: Reaching Affects Saccade Trajectories


Chapter 31: The Premotor Theory of Attention


Chapter 32: Cross-Modal Consequences of Human Spatial Attention


Chapter 33: Attention and Scene Understanding


Section II: Functions


Chapter 34: Visual Search and Popout in Infancy


Chapter 35: Attention in Conditioning


Chapter 36: Electrophysiology of Reflexive Attention


Chapter 37: Natural Scene Statistics and Salient Visual Features


Chapter 38: Salience of Feature Contrast


Chapter 39: Stimulus-Driven Guidance of Visual Attention in Natural Scenes


Chapter 40: Contextual Guidance of Visual Attention


Chapter 41: Gist of the Scene


Chapter 42: Temporal Orienting of Attention


Chapter 43: Visual Search: The Role of Memory for Rejected Distractors


Chapter 44: The Neuropsychology of Visual Feature Binding


Chapter 45: Visual Saliency and Spike Timing in the Ventral Visual Pathway


Chapter 46: Object Recognition in Cortex: Neural Mechanisms, and Possible Roles for Attention


Chapter 47: Binding Contour Segments into Spatially Extended Objects


Chapter 48: Scanpath Theory, Attention, and Image Processing Algorithms for Predicting Human Eye Fixations


Chapter 49: The Feature Similarity Gain Model of Attention: Unifying Multiplicative Effects of Spatial and Feature-based Atte


Chapter 50: Biasing Competition in Human Visual Cortex


Chapter 51: Nonsensory Signals in Early Visual Cortex


Chapter 52: Effects of Attention on Auditory Perceptual Organization


Chapter 53: Attention in Language


Chapter 54: Attention and Spatial Language


Chapter 55: The Sustained Attention to Response Test (SART)


Chapter 56: ERP Measures of Multiple Attention Deficits Following Prefrontal Damage


Chapter 57: Nonspatially Lateralized Mechanisms in Hemispatial Neglect


Chapter 58: Visual Extinction and Hemispatial Neglect after Brain Damage: Neurophysiological Basis of Residual Processing


Chapter 59: Attention in Split-Brain Patients


Chapter 60: Divided Attention in the Normal and the Split Brain: Chronometry and Imaging


Section III: Mechanisms


Chapter 61: Neurophysiological Correlates of the Attentional Spotlight


Chapter 62: Spatially-Specific Attentional Modulation Revealed by fMRI


Chapter 63: The Neural Basis of the Attentional Blink


Chapter 64: Neurophysiological Correlates of the Reflexive Orienting of Spatial Attention


Chapter 65: Specifying the Components of Attention in a Visual Search Task


Chapter 66: Neural Evidence for Object-based Attention


Chapter 67: Location- or Feature-based Targeting of Spatial Attention


Chapter 68: Dimension-based Attention in Pop-out Search


Chapter 69: Irrelevant Singletons Capture Attention


Chapter 70: Attentional Modulation of Apparent Stimulus Contrast


Chapter 71: Attentional Suppression Early in the Macaque Visual System


Chapter 72: Attentional Modulation in the Human Lateral Geniculate Nucleus and Pulvinar


Chapter 73: Transient Covert Attention Increases Contrast Sensitivity and Spatial Resolution: Support for Signal Enhancement


Chapter 74: External Noise Distinguishes Mechanisms of Attention


Chapter 75: Attentional Modulation and Changes in Effective Connectivity


Chapter 76: Attentional Modulation of Surround Inhibition


Chapter 77: Attentional Processes in Texture Perception


Chapter 78: Mechanisms of Perceptual Learning


Chapter 79: Lateral Interactions between Targets and Flankers Require Attention


Chapter 80: Attention and Changes in Neural Selectivity


Chapter 81: Attentional Effects on Motion Processing


Chapter 82: ERP Studies of Selective Attention to Nonspatial Features


Chapter 83: Effects of Attention on Figure-Ground Responses in the Primary Visual Cortex during Working Memory


Chapter 84: Electrophysiological and Neuroimaging Approaches to the Study of Visual Attention


Chapter 85: The Timing of Attentional Modulation of Visual Processing as Indexed by ERPs


Chapter 86: Selective Visual Attention Modulates Oscillatory Neuronal Synchronization


Chapter 87: Putative Role of Oscillations and Synchrony in Cortical Signal Processing and Attention


Chapter 88: Attention to Tactile Stimuli Increases Neural Synchrony in Somatosensory Cortex


Chapter 89: Crossmodal Attention in Event Perception


Section IV: Systems


Chapter 90: The FeatureGate Model of Visual Selection


Chapter 91: Probabilistic Models of Attention Based on Iconic Representations and Predictive Coding


Chapter 92: The Selective Tuning Model for Visual Attention


Chapter 93: The Primary Visual Cortex Creates a Bottom-up Saliency Map


Chapter 94: Models of Bottom-up Attention and Saliency


Chapter 95: Saliency in Computer Vision


Chapter 96: Contextual Influences on Saliency


Chapter 97: A Neurodynamical Model of Visual Attention


Chapter 98: How the Detection of Objects in Natural Scenes Constrains Attention in Time


Chapter 99: Memory-Driven Visual Attention: An Emergent Behavior of Map-Seeking Circuits


Chapter 100: The Role of Short-Term Memory in Visual Attention


Chapter 101: Scene Segmentation through Synchronization


Chapter 102: Attentive Wide-Field Sensing for Visual Telepresence and Surveillance


Chapter 103: Neuromorphic Selective Attention Systems


Chapter 104: The Role of Visual Attention in the Control of Locomotion


Chapter 105: Attention Architectures for Machine Vision and Mobile Robots


Chapter 106: Attention for Computer Graphics Rendering


Chapter 107: Linking Attention to Learning, Expectation, Competition, and Consciousness


Chapter 108: Attention-Guided Recognition Based on "What" and "Where" Representations:


Chapter 109: A Model of Attention and Recognition by Information Maximization


Index


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