Neuroconstructivism - I and II by Denis MareschalNeuroconstructivism - I and II by Denis Mareschal

Neuroconstructivism - I and II

byDenis Mareschal, Mark H. Johnson, Sylvain Sirois

Paperback | February 25, 2007

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What are the processes, from conception to adulthood, that enable a single cell to grow into a sentient adult? The processes that occur along the way are so complex that any attempt to understand development necessitates a multi-disciplinary approach, integrating data from cognitive studies,computational work, and neuroimaging - an approach till now seldom taken in the study of child development. Neuroconstructivism is a major new 2 volume publication that seeks to redress this balance, presenting an integrative new framework for considering development. In the first volume, the authors review up-to-to date findings from neurobiology, brain imaging, child development, computer and roboticmodelling to consider why children's thinking develops the way it does. They propose a new synthesis of development that is based on 5 key principles found to operate at many levels of descriptions. They use these principles to explain what causes a number of key developmental phenomena, includinginfants' interacting with objects, early social cognitive interactions, and the causes of dyslexia. The "neuroconstructivist" framework also shows how developmental disorders do not arise from selective damage to normal cognitive systems, but instead arise from developmental processes that operateunder atypical constraints. How these principles work is illustrated in several case studies ranging from perceptual to social and reading development. Finally, the authors use neuroimaging, behavioural analyses, computational simulations and robotic models to provide a way of understanding themechanisms and processes that cause development to occur. Computer and robotic models provide concrete tools for investigating the processes and mechanisms involved in learning and development. Volume 2 illustrates the principles of 'Neuroconstructivist' development, with contributions from 9 different labs across the world. Each of the contributionsillustrates how models play a central role in understanding development. The models presented include standard connectionist neural network models as well as multi-agent models. Also included are robotic models emphasizing the need to take embodiment and brain-system interactions seriously. A modelof Autism and one of Specific Language Impairment also illustrate how atypical development can be understood in terms of the typical processes of development but operating under restricted conditions. This volume complements Volume 1 by providing concrete examples of how the 'Neuroconstructivist'principles can be grounded within a diverse range of domains, thereby shaping the research agenda in those domains.
Denis Mareschal obtained his first degree from King's College Cambridge in Natural Science with a specialisation in physics and theoretical physics. He then went on to obtain a Masters in psychology from McGill University with a thesis on the computational modelling of cognitive development. Finally, he obtained a DPhil in Psychology f...
Title:Neuroconstructivism - I and IIFormat:PaperbackDimensions:576 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 1.14 inPublished:February 25, 2007Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199214824

ISBN - 13:9780199214822


Table of Contents

Volume I: Part I - Foundations1. Introduction2. Encellment: the emerging function and morphology of neurons3. Embrainment: the brain unboxed4. Embodiment: representations in context5. Principles, mechanisms, and processesPart II - Case Studies6. The cortical basis of early visual perception ... a story of multiple representations7. Habituation in infancy ... from interacting neural systems to active exploration8. Phonological development ... the integration of sensory motor representations9. Infants and objects ... from functional brain systems to behavior10. Ensocialment ... minds and brains in society11. Lessons from atypical development12. Dyslexia: a case study of the application of the neuroconstructivist principlesPart III - Conclusions13. Conclusions and challenges for the futureVolume II1. Denis Mareschal, Sylvain Sirois, and Gert Westermann: Introduction2. James A Bednar and Risto Miikkulainen: Constructing visual function through prenatal and postal learning3. Melissa Dominguez and Robert A Jacobs: Learning the best first: interactions between visual development and learning4. Thomas R Shultz, Shreesh P Mysore, and Steven R Quartz: Why let networks grow?5. Maartje Raijmakers: Modeling cognitive developmental transitions in neural networks: bifurcations in an adaptive resonance theory model6. Matthew Schlesinger and Domenico Parisi: Connectionism in an artifical life perspective: simulating motor, cognitive, and language development7. Yiannis Demiris: Using robots to study the mechanisms of imitation8. Olaf Sporns: What neuro-robotic models can teach us about neural and cognitive development9. Marc F Joanisse: Phonological deficits and developmental language impairments: evidence from connectionist models10. Ira L Cohen: A neural network model of autism: implications for theory and treatment11. Mark H Johnson and Denis Mareschal: Conclusion: the future of neuroconstructivism

Editorial Reviews

"A very exciting and important book, and a significant advance in our understanding of brain and behavioral development." --Jeff Elman, Professor of Cognitive Science, University of California, San Diego