Neuronal Control of Locomotion: From Mollusc to Man

Hardcover | June 1, 1999

byGrigori Orlovsky, T. G. Deliagina, Sten Grillner

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What does the swimming leech have to do with the running human? The ability to move actively in space is essential to members of the animal kingdom, and the evolution of the nervous system relates to a large extent to the evolution of locomotion. The extreme importance of locomotion hasstimulated many studies of the neural mechanisms underlying locomotion across a range of species. For the first time, a group of three leading neurobiologists have undertaken a comparative study of these mechanisms. Neuronal Control of Locomotion: From Mollusc to Man describes how the brains invery diverse and evolutionarily removed species control the animal's locomotion. In doing so, the authors reveal unifying principles of brain function, making it essential reading for students and researchers in neurobiology generally, and motor control in particular. "In my opinion, the authorshave produced a masterful and highly readable exposition on the neural control of locomotion. It is timely and relevant to avant- garde neuroscience. It will have a major impact on the field, and is sure to be referenced well into the second half of the next century." Douglas Stuart, Universityof Arizona College of Medicine

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What does the swimming leech have to do with the running human? The ability to move actively in space is essential to members of the animal kingdom, and the evolution of the nervous system relates to a large extent to the evolution of locomotion. The extreme importance of locomotion hasstimulated many studies of the neural mechanism...

G.N. Orlovsky, T.G. Deliagina, and S. Grillner are all at the Nobel Institute for Neurophysiology, Department of Neuroscience, Karolinska Institute.
Format:HardcoverPublished:June 1, 1999Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198524056

ISBN - 13:9780198524052

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Table of Contents

IntroductionPart 1: Locomotion in invertebrates1. Swimming in the mollusc Clione limacina based on wing flapping2. Other forms of locomotion in molluscs3. Swimming in the leech4. Walking in the crayfish and lobster5. Swimming in the crayfish and lobster6. Walking in the stick insect and locust7. Flying in the locustPart 2 : Swimming locomotion in lower vertebrates8. Swimming in the lamprey9. Swimming in the toad and tadpolePart 3: Quadrupedal locomotion in mammals10. General organisation of the locomotor control system in the cat11. Limb controller12. Initiation of locomotion13. Role of the cerebellum in locomotor coordination14. Role of the motor cortex in locomotor coordinationPart 4: Human locomotion15. Walking and running in humansGeneral conclusions

Editorial Reviews

The triumvirate of Orlovsky, Deliagina and Grillner is uniquely placed to produce a unified account of the neural basis of locomotion across the whole animal kingdom...this is an excellent book for those seeking wide background knowledge of neural mechanisms underlying movement. Those alreadyin the field will also find it valuable. Nature, 16th December 1999