Neutron Interferometry: Lessons in Experimental Quantum Mechanics, Wave-Particle Duality, and Entanglement by Helmut RauchNeutron Interferometry: Lessons in Experimental Quantum Mechanics, Wave-Particle Duality, and Entanglement by Helmut Rauch

Neutron Interferometry: Lessons in Experimental Quantum Mechanics, Wave-Particle Duality, and…

byHelmut Rauch, Samuel A. Werner

Hardcover | February 15, 2015

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The quantum interference of de Broglie matter waves is probably one of the most startling and fundamental aspects of quantum mechanics. It continues to tax our imaginations and leads us to new experimental windows on nature. Quantum interference phenomena are vividly displayed in the wideassembly of neutron interferometry experiments, which have been carried out since the first demonstration of a perfect silicon crystal interferometer in 1974. Since the neutron experiences all four fundamental forces of nature (strong, weak, electromagnetic, and gravitational), interferometry withneutrons provides a fertile testing ground for theory and precision measurements. Many Gedanken experiments of quantum mechanics have become real due to neutron interferometry.Quantum mechanics is a part of physics where experiment and theory are inseparably intertwined. This general theme permeates the second edition of this book. It discusses more than 40 neutron interferometry experiments along with their theoretical motivations and explanations. The basic ideas andresults of interference experiments related to coherence and decoherence of matter waves and certain post-selection variations, gravitationally induced quantum phase shifts, Berry`s geometrical phases, spinor symmetry and spin superposition, and Bell's inequalities are all discussed and explained inthis book. Both the scalar and vector Aharonov-Bohm topological interference effects and the neutron version of the Sagnac effect are presented in a self-contained and pedagogical way. Interferometry with perfect crystals, artificial lattices, and spin-echo systems are also topics of this book. Itincludes the theoretical underpinning as well as connections to other areas of experimental physics, such as quantum optics, nuclear physics, gravitation, and atom interferometry. The observed phase shifts due to the Earth's gravity and rotation indicate a close connection to relativity theory.Neutron interferometry can be considered as a central technique of quantum optics with massive particles. It has stimulated the development of interferometry with atoms, molecules and clusters.The book is written in a style that will be suitable at the senior undergraduate and beginning of graduate level. It will interest and excite many students and researchers in neutron, nuclear, quantum, gravitational, optical, and atomic physics. Lecturers teaching courses in modern physics andquantum mechanics will find a number of interesting and historic experiments they may want to include in their lectures.
Helmut Rauch completed his PhD in 1965 and become full Professor in 1972. He spent one sabbatical year at KFA Juelich/Germany and worked regularly at the Institute Laue-Langevin in Grenoble/France. His scientific interests are: neutron physics, quantum optics, foundations of quantum mechanics, and reactor physics. He invented together...
Title:Neutron Interferometry: Lessons in Experimental Quantum Mechanics, Wave-Particle Duality, and…Format:HardcoverDimensions:464 pagesPublished:February 15, 2015Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198712510

ISBN - 13:9780198712510


Table of Contents

1. Introduction2. Neutron interferometers and apparatus3. Neutron interactions and the coherent scattering lengths4. Coherence and decoherence5. Spinor symmetry and spin superposition6. Topological and geometric phases7. Contexuality and Kochen-Specker phenomena8. Gravitational, inertial and motional effects9. Solid state physics applications10. Forthcoming, proposed and more speculative experiments11. Perfect crystal neutron optics12. Interpretational questions and conclusions