New Directions in Conservation Medicine: Applied Cases of Ecological Health

Hardcover | May 15, 2012

EditorA. Alonso Aguirre, Richard Ostfeld, Peter Daszak

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In recent years, species and ecosystems have been threatened by many anthropogenic factors manifested in local and global declines of populations and species. Although we consider conservation medicine an emerging field, the concept is the result of the long evolution of transdisciplinarythinking within the health and ecological sciences and the better understanding of the complexity within these various fields of knowledge. Conservation medicine was born from the cross fertilization of ideas generated by this new transdisciplinary design. It examines the links among changes inclimate, habitat quality, and land use; emergence and re-emergence of infectious agents, parasites and environmental contaminants; and maintenance of biodiversity and ecosystem functions as they sustain the health of plant and animal communities including humans. During the past ten years, new tools and institutional initiatives for assessing and monitoring ecological health concerns have emerged: landscape epidemiology, disease ecological modeling and web-based analytics. New types of integrated ecological health assessment are being deployed; these effortsincorporate environmental indicator studies with specific biomedical diagnostic tools. Other innovations include the development of non-invasive physiological and behavioral monitoring techniques; the adaptation of modern molecular biological and biomedical techniques; the design of population leveldisease monitoring strategies; the creation of ecosystem-based health and sentinel species surveillance approaches; and the adaptation of health monitoring systems for appropriate developing country situations. New Directions of Conservation Medicine: Applied Cases of Ecological Health addressesthese issues with relevant case studies and detailed applied examples. New Directions of Conservation Medicine challenges the notion that human health is an isolated concern removed from the bounds of ecology and species interactions. Human health, animal health, and ecosystem health are movingcloser together and at some point, it will be inconceivable that there was ever a clear division.

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In recent years, species and ecosystems have been threatened by many anthropogenic factors manifested in local and global declines of populations and species. Although we consider conservation medicine an emerging field, the concept is the result of the long evolution of transdisciplinarythinking within the health and ecological scienc...

Alonso Aguirre is Executive Director of the Smithsonian-Mason Global Conservation Studies Program based at Smithsonian Conservation Biology Institute in Front Royal, and Associate Professor at the Department of Environmental Science and Policy in George Mason University, Fairfax, Virginia. He cofounded the emerging discipline of Conse...

other books by A. Alonso Aguirre

Format:HardcoverDimensions:656 pages, 10 × 7 × 0.98 inPublished:May 15, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199731470

ISBN - 13:9780199731473

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Table of Contents

A. Alonso Aguirre and Sara E. Howard: IntroductionPart I: Conservation Medicine: Ecological Health in Practice1. A. Alonso Aguirre, G.M. Tabor and Richard S. Ostfeld: Conservation Medicine: Ontogeny of an Emerging Discipline2. Bruce A. Wilcox, Pierre Horwitz, and A. Alonso Aguirre: EcoHealth: Creating a Truly a Global Transdiscipline3. Laura H. Kahn, Thomas P. Monath, Bob H. Bokma, Paul Gibbs, A. Alonso Aguirre: One Health, One Medicine4. Aaron Bernstein: Biodiversity and Human Health5. Felicia Keesing and Richard S. Ostfeld: An Ecosystem Service of Biodiversity - The Protection of Human Health Against Infectious Disease6. Andres Gomez, Elizabeth Nichols and Susan L. Perkins: Parasite Conservation, Conservation Medicine and Ecosystem Health7. Heribert Hofer and Marion L. East: Stress and Immunosuppression as Factors in the Decline and Extinction of Populations: The Concepts, the Evidence and the ChallengesPart II: Anthropogenic Change and Conservation Medicine8. Raina K. Plowright, Paul C. Cross, Gary M. Tabor, Emily Almberg, Leslie Bienen, and Peter Hudson: Predicted Impacts of Climate on Emerging Diseases: A Model for Global Change9. Morten Tryland, Susan Kutz and Patricia Curry: Wildlife Health in a Changing North: A Model for Global Environmental Change10. Gerardo Suz n, Fernando Esponda, Roberto Carrasco-Hern ndez, A. Alonso Aguirre: Habitat Fragmentation and Infectious Disease Ecology11. Katherine F. Smith, Lisa M. Schloegel, and Gail E. Rosen: Wildlife Trade and the Spread of Disease12. Matthew LeBreton, Brian L. Pike, Karen E. Saylors, Joseph L. Diffo, Joseph N. Fair, Anne W. Rimoin, Nancy Ortiz, Cyrille F. Djoko, Ubald Tamoufe, Nathan D. Wolfe: Bushmeat and Infectious Disease Emergence13. Anne M. Alexander, David C. Finnoff and Jason F. Shogren: Human Migration, Border Controls and Infectious Disease EmergencePart III: Emerging Infectious Diseases and Conservation Medicine14. Kevin J. Olival, Jonathan H. Epstein, Lin-Fa Wang, Hume E. Field and Peter Daszak: Are Bats Exceptional Viral Reservoirs?15. Wolfgang Preiser: SARS: A Case Study for Factors Driving Disease Emergence16. Thijs Kuiken and Timm Harder: H5N1 Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza: Breaking the Rules in Disease Emergence17. Ricardo G. Maggi, Craig A. Harms, Edward B. Breitschwerdt: Bartonellosis: An Emerging Disease of Humans, Domestic Animals and Wildlife18. Jacques Godfroid, Ingebjorg Nymo, Morten Tryland, Axel Cloeckaert, Thierry Jauniaux, Adrian M. Whatmore, Edgardo Moreno, Geoffrey Foster: Brucella ceti and Brucella pinnipedialis Infections in Marine Mammals19. Hamish McCallum and Menna Jones: Infectious Cancers in Wildlife20. Rebecca Bartel and Sonia Altizer: From Protozoan Infection in Monarch Butterflies to Colony Collapse Disorder in Bees: Are Emerging Infectious Diseases Proliferating in the Invertebrate World?21. Julieta Benitez-Malvido: Fungal Diseases in Neotropical Forests Disturbed by Humans22. E. Scott Weber: Emerging Infectious Diseases in Fisheries and Aquaculture23. David A. Jessup and Melissa A. Miller: Southern Sea Otters: Sentinels of Land-Sea Pathogens and PollutantsPart IV: Ecotoxicology and Conservation Medicine24. Jeffrey M. Levengood and Val R. Beasley: Ecotoxicology: Bridging Wildlife, Humans and Ecosystems25. K. Christiana Grim, Anne Fairbrother, Barnett A. Rattner: Wildlife Toxicology: Environmental Contaminants and their National and International Regulation26. Spencer E. Fire, Frances M. Van Dolah: Marine Biotoxins: Emergence of Harmful Algal Blooms as Health Threats to Marine Wildlife27. Daniel Martineau: Beluga from the St Lawrence Estuary: A Case Study of Cancer and Polycyclic Aromatic HydrocarbonsPart V: Place Based Conservation Medicine28. Margo J. Pybus and Todd K. Shury: Sense and Serendipity: Conservation and Management of Bison in Canada29. Claire Geoghegan: Pathogens, Parks and People: The Role of Bovine Tuberculosis in South African Conservation30. Fernando Martinez, Guillermo Lopez and Christian Gortazar: Disease Ecology and Conservation of Ungulates, Wild Rabbits and the Iberian Lynx in the Mediterranean Forest31. Tony L. Goldberg, Sarah B. Paige and Colin A. Chapman: The Kibale EcoHealth Project: Exploring the Connections among Human Health, Animal Health, and Landscape Dynamics in Western Uganda32. Paulo Rogerio Mangini, Rodrigo Silva Pinto Jorge, Marcelo Renan de Deus Santos, Alessandra Nava, Carlos Eduardo da Silva Verona, Maria Fernanda Vianna Marvulo, Jean Carlos Ramos Silva: Conservation Medicine in Brazil: Case Studies of Ecological Health in Practice33. Todd J. Pesek, Victor Cal, Kevin Knight, John Arnason: Linking Conservation of Biodiversity and Culture with Sustainable Health and Wellness: The Itzama Model and Global Implications for Healing Across Cultures34. Michael J. Balick, Katherine Herrera, Francisca Sohl, Wayne Law, Roberta Lee and William C. Raynor: Biodiversity and Human Health: Using Plants and Traditional Ethnomedical Knowledge to Improve Public Health and Conservation Programs in MicronesiaPart VI: Applied techniques Of Conservation Medicine35. Larry J. Gorenflo: Human Health in the Biodiversity Hotspots: Applications of Geographic Information System Technology and Implications for Conservation36. Trent W. J. Garner, Cheryl J. Briggs, Jon Bielby and Matthew C. Fisher: Determining when Parasites of Amphibians are Conservation Threats to their Hosts: Methods and Perspectives37. Jonathan M. Sleeman, Christopher J. Brand, Scott D. Wright: Strategies for Wildlife Disease Surveillance38. Michelle M. Willette, Julia B. Ponder, Dave L. McRuer, Edward E. Clark, Jr.: Wildlife Health Monitoring in North America: From Sentinel Species to Public Policy39. A. Alonso Aguirre, Melinda K. Rostal, Thomas J. Keefe: The Establishment of Serum Banks for Eco-Epidemiological Investigations of Infectious Diseases in Marine Mammals40. Barbara A. Wolfe, Roberto F. Aguilar, A. Alonso Aguirre, Glenn H. Olsen, Evan S. Blumer: Sorta Situ: The New Reality of Management Conditions for Wildlife Populations in the Absence of 'Wild' Spaces41. Patrick Foley and Janet E. Foley: Modeling Population Viability and Extinction Risk in the Presence of Parasitism42. Tiffany L. Bogich, Kevin J. Olival, Parviez R. Hosseini, Sebastian Funk, Ilana L. Brito, Jonathan H. Epstein, John S. Brownstein, Damien O. Joly, Marc A. Levy, Kate E. Jones, Stephen S. Morse, A. Alonso Aguirre, William B. Karesh, Jonna AK Mazet, and Peter Daszak: Using Mathematical Models in aUnified Approach to Predicting the Next Emerging Infectious DiseaseIndex