New Parties in Old Systems: Persistence and Decline in Seventeen Democracies

Hardcover | October 2, 2013

byNicole Bolleyer

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New Parties in Old Party Systems addresses a pertinent yet neglected issue in comparative party research: why are some new parties that enter national parliament able to defend a niche on the national level, while others fail to do so? Unlike most existing studies, which strongly focus onelectoral (short-term) success or particular party families, this book examines the conditions for the organizational persistence and electoral sustainability of the 140, organizationally new parties that entered their national parliaments in seventeen democracies from 1968 to 2011. It covers a widevariety of programmatic profiles and performance trajectories. The book presents a new theoretical perspective on party institutionalization, which considers the role of both structural and agential factors driving party evolution. It thereby fills some important lacunae in current cross-national research. First, it theorizes the interplay between structural(pre)conditions for party building (party origin and modes of party formation) and the choices of party founders and leaders, whose interplay shapes parties' institutionalization patterns crucial for their evolution, before and after entering national parliament. Second, this approach issubstantiated empirically by advanced statistical methods assessing the role of party origin for new party persistence and sustainability. These analyses are combined with a wide range of in-depth case studies capturing how intra-organizational dynamics shape party success and failure. By accountingfor new parties' longer-term performance, the study sheds light on the conditions under which the spectacular rise of new parties in advanced democracies is likely to substantively change old party systems.Comparative Politics is a series for students, teachers, and researchers of political science that deals with contemporary government and politics. Global in scope, books in the series are characterised by a stress on comparative analysis and strong methodological rigour. The series is published inassociation with the European Consortium for Political Research. For more information visit: www.ecprnet.eu.

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New Parties in Old Party Systems addresses a pertinent yet neglected issue in comparative party research: why are some new parties that enter national parliament able to defend a niche on the national level, while others fail to do so? Unlike most existing studies, which strongly focus onelectoral (short-term) success or particular par...

Nicole Bolleyer is a Senior Lecturer in Politics at the University of Exeter. She studied at the University of Mannheim, the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, and holds a PhD from the European University Institute in Florence. She has published widely in the areas of comparative federalism and comparative party politics. Her nume...

other books by Nicole Bolleyer

Format:HardcoverDimensions:344 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.1 inPublished:October 2, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199646066

ISBN - 13:9780199646067

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction2. Disentangling Dimensions and Sources of Party Success: Conceptual and Methodological Challenges3. Between Leadership and Structure Formation: The Challenges of Party Institutionalization4. Patterns of New Party Persistence and Sustainability in 17 Democracies5. The Leadership-Structure Dilemma in Green and Religious New Parties: Short-term Trouble but Long-Term Endurance through Fully-Fledged Institutionalization6. The Leadership-Structure Dilemma in New Liberal and New Left Parties: Short-Term Success but Long-Term Decline through Partial Institutionalization7. The Leadership-Structure Dilemma in Rooted New Right Parties: Reinforcing or Undermining Advantageous Formative Conditions?8. The Leadership-Structure Dilemma in Entrepreneurial New Right Parties: From Disintegration to Fully-Fledged Institutionalization9. Conclusions