New Trends in Green Chemistry by V.k. AhluwaliaNew Trends in Green Chemistry by V.k. Ahluwalia

New Trends in Green Chemistry

byV.k. Ahluwalia, M. Kidwai

Paperback | August 2, 2012

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Organic chemistry has played a vital role in the development of diverse molecules which are used in medicines, agrochemicals and polymers. Most ofthe chemicals are produced on an industrial scale. The industrial houses adopt a synthesis for a particular molecule which should be cost-effective. No attention is paid to avoid the release of harmful chemicals in the atmosphere, land and sea. During the past decade special emphasis has been made towards green synthesis which circumvents the above problems. Prof. V. K. Ahluwalia and Dr. M. Kidwai have made a sincere effort in this direction. This book discusses the basic principles of green chemistry incorporating the use of green reagents, green catalysts, phase transfer catalysis, green synthesis using microwaves, ultrasound and biocatalysis in detail. Special emphasis is given to liquid phase reactions and organic synthesis in the solid phase. I must congratulate both the authors for their pioneering efforts to write this book. Careful selection of various topics in the book will serve the rightful purpose for the chemistry community and the industrial houses at all levels. PROF. JAVED IQBAL, PhD, FNA Distinguished Research Scientist & Head Discovery Research Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Ltd.
Title:New Trends in Green ChemistryFormat:PaperbackPublished:August 2, 2012Publisher:Springer NetherlandsLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:9401571023

ISBN - 13:9789401571029

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Table of Contents

Foreword Preface 1. Introduction 2. Designing a Green Synthesis 2.1 Choice of Starting Materials 2.2 Choice of Reagents 2.3 Choice of Catalysts 2.4 Choice of Solvents 3. Basic Principles of Green Chemistry 3.1 Prevention of Waste/By-Products 3.2 Maximum Incorporation of the Reactants (Starting Materials and Reagents) into the Final Product 3.3 Prevention or Minimization of Hazardous Products 3.4 Designing Safer Chemicals 3.5 Energy Requirements for Synthesis 3.6 Selection of Appropriate Solvent 3 .7 Selection of Starting Materials 3.8 Use of Protecting Groups 3.9 Use of Catalyst 3.10 Products Designed Should be Biodegradable 3.11 Designing of Manufacturing Plants 3.12 Strengthening of Analytical Techniques 4. Green Chemistry in Day-to-Day Life 4.1 Dry Cleaning of Clothes 4.2 Versatile Bleaching Agent 5. Environmental Pollution 6. Green Reagent 6.1 Dimethylcarbonate 6.2 Polymer Supported Reagents 7. Green Catalysts 7.1 Acid Catalysts 7.2 Oxidation Catalysts 7.3 Basic Catalysts 7.4 Polymer Supported Catalysts 8. Phase Transfer Catalysis in Green Synthesis 8.1 Introduction8.2 Applications of PTC in Organic Synthesis 8.3 Oxidation Using Hydrogen Peroxide Under PTC Condition 8.4 Crown Ethers 9. Microwave Induced Green Synthesis 9.1 Introduction 9.2 Applications 9.3 Conclusion 10. Ultrasound Assisted Green Synthesis 10.1 Introduction 10.2 Applications of Ultrasound 10.3 Conclusion 11. Biocatalysts in Organic Synthesis11.1 Introduction 11.2 Biochemical (Microbial) Oxidations 11.3 Biochemical (Microbial) Reductions 11.4 Enzymes Catalysed Hydrolytic Processes 12. Aqueous Phase Reactions 12.1 Introduction 12.2 Diels-Alder Reaction 12.3 Claisen Rearrangement 12.4 Wittig-Homer Reaction 12.5 Michael Reaction 12.6 Aldol Condensation 12.7 Knoevenagel Reaction 12.8 Pinacol Coupling 12.9 Benzoin Condensation 12.10 Claisen-Schmidt Condensation 12.11 Heck Reaction 12.12 Strecker Synthesis 12.13 Wurtz Reaction 12.14 Oxidations 12.15 Reductions 12.16 Polymerisation Reactions 12.17 Photochemical Reactions 12.18 Electrochemical Synthesis 12.19 Miscellaneous Reactions in Aqueous Phase 13. Organic Synthesis in Solid State 13.1 Introduction 13.2 Solid Phase Organic Synthesis Without Using Any Solvent 13.3 Solid Supported Organic Synthesis 14. Versatile Ionic Liquids as Green Solvents 14.1 Green Solvents 14.2 Reactions in Acidic Ionic Liquids 14.3 Reactions in Neutral Ionic Liquids 15. Synthesis Involving Basic Principles of Green Chemistry: Some Examples 15.1 Introduction 15.2 Synthesis of Styrene 15.3 Synthesis of Adipic Acid, Catechol and 3-dehydroshikimic Acid (a potential replacement for BHT) 15.4 Synthesis of Methyl Methacrylate 15.5 Synthesis of Urethane 15.6 An Environmentally Benign Synthesis of Aromatic Amines 15.7 Selective Alkylation of Active Methylene Group 15.8 Free Radical Bromination 15.9 Acetaldehyde 15.10 Furfural from Biomass 15.11 Synthesis of (S)-metolachlor, an Optically Active Herbicide 15.12 Synthesis of Ibuprofen 15.13 Synthesis of Paracetamol 15.14 Green Synthesis of 3-phenyl Catechol 15.15 Synthesis of Epoxystyrene 15.16 Synthesis of Citral15.17 Synthesis of Nicotinic Acid15.18 Use of Molting Accelerators to Replace More Toxic and Harmful Insecticides 15.19 An Environmentally Safe Marine Antifoulant Suggested Readings Index