News Writing and Reporting: The Complete Guide for Today's Journalist by Christopher ScanlanNews Writing and Reporting: The Complete Guide for Today's Journalist by Christopher Scanlan

News Writing and Reporting: The Complete Guide for Today's Journalist

byChristopher Scanlan, Richard Craig

Paperback | July 17, 2013

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This text uses a multitude of reporting and writing examples from print, broadcast, and online sources in order to deconstruct and reveal journalistic practices, techniques, and philosophy to today's students. Building on a solid foundation of the three pillars of excellent journalism -process, coaching and storytelling - Chip Scanlan and Richard Craig shape students into successful journalists by providing them with the theoretical background and practical knowledge needed to transition into a new age of reporting.
Chip Scanlan is a Reporting, Writing and Editing Faculty Affiliate at The Poynter Institute in St. Petersburg, FL. He worked as an award-winning journalist for two decades at newspapers around the country, including The Providence Journal, The St. Petersburg Times and Knight Ridder Newspapers' Washington Bureau. He is coeditor of Ameri...
Title:News Writing and Reporting: The Complete Guide for Today's JournalistFormat:PaperbackDimensions:560 pages, 10 × 8 × 0.68 inPublished:July 17, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195188322

ISBN - 13:9780195188325

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Table of Contents

1. News JudgementWhat Is News?Three Basic Elements of NewsDeveloping News Judgment and Critical Thinking SkillsAudio, Video And Citizen JournalismWhere News Comes From, Where to Find ItPositive versus Negative News: Striking a Balance- Ethical Dilemmas: Who Deserves News Coverage?New News: The Impact Of Audience, Culture and Technology- Professional's Roundtable: What's the News?Summary GuideKey TermsExercisesReadings- Close-Up 1.1 Basic News Story- Close-Up 1.2 Striking the Balance between Good and Bad News2. The Six-step Process Approach to reporting and WritingStep 1: Idea: Creativity Skills for Today's Journalists- Journalist at Work: BrainstormingStep 2: Focus: Finding the Heart of Your Stories- Chip's Corner: Listening for Focus- Journalist at Work: Roy Wenzl- Coaching Way: Finding a FocusStep 3: Collect: Reporting the Story- Ethical dilemmas: The Assignment vs. The Evidence- Journalist at Work: Matching Sources with QuestionsStep 4: Order: Mapping Your StoryStep 5: Draft: Writing Your StoryStep 6: Revise: Rewriting the Story- Professional's Roundtable: The Process ApproachSummary GuideKey TermsExercisesReadings- Close-Up 2.1 Reporting and Writing: The Process Approach at Work3. The Coaching Way: Taking Charge of Your StoriesCoaching BasicsCoaching or CoddlingThe Coaching Way- Journalists at Work: A Fixer's ConfessionCoaching vs. FixingCoaching Techniques- Journalists at Work: Coaching Online Journalists- Reporter's Roundtable: The Coaching WaySummary GuideKey termsExercisesReadings- Close-Up 3.1 "Movie Reading:" How a Coach Responds to a Writer's Work4. Storytelling vs. Speed: Deadlines in the 21st CenturyOne Side of the Equation: Storytelling- Chip's Corner: The Right Details in the Right PlaceThe Other Side: Get It Done, Now!- Journalist at Work: The Web and the Ticking Clock- Ethical Dilemmas: Blogging with Anonymous Sources- The Coaching Way: Storytelling on DeadlineFocusing and Planning on the FlyDrafting on DeadlineDeadlines and Technology: A TV Reporter's Story- Reporter's Roundtable: The Evolution of DeadlinesSummary GuideKey termsExercisesReadings- Close-Up 4.1 Breaking News Narrative5. The Reporter's ToolboxPens, Pencils and Reporter's NotebookThe ComputerNote-Taking on the Screen- Chip's Corner: Text MessagingCell PhonesAudio Recorders- Chip's Corner: Working with Photos and Photojournalists- Ethical Dilemmas: Is That How it Really Happened?Software ToolsThe Reporter's Mindset- The Coaching Way: Tool SharpeningSummary GuideKey termsExercisesReadings6. InterviewingThe Role of the InterviewPreparing for the InterviewConducting the InterviewWriting from InterviewsLearning to Listen- Chip's Corner: Being Human as an InterviewerKeeping ConfidencesEstablish Interview Ground Rules- Ethical Dilemmas: Protecting a Source- The Coaching Way: Final Pointers on Interviewing- Professional's Roundtable: Effective InterviewingSummary GuideKey termsExercisesReadings7. Research"Reporting On Steroids"A "Documents State of Mind"- Chip's Corner: The Importance of Public RecordsCracking the Government Seal: Using the Freedom of Information ActSearch Engines- The Coaching Way: Research SkillsMultimedia Sources: Add New Dimensions with Audio and VideoWikipedia: Power and Pitfalls of the Internet's EncyclopediaWhy Librarians Still MatterDeflating Urban Legends and Online HoaxesPrivate Records: Intimate ResearchComputer-Assisted Reporting: Precision Journalism- Ethical Dilemmas: Transparency vs. PrivacyReaping the Rewards: Turning Research into Compelling Stories- Journalist at Work: Nailing Down Every Fact- Reporter's Roundtable: The Power of ResearchSummary GuideKey termsExercisesReadings- Close-Up 7.1 Using Research to Document a Story8. Grammar, Language, Style: Using Accurate WordsWhy Spelling, Grammar and Style MatterThe Hallmarks of Effective News Writing- Ethical Dilemmas: Cleaning Up Butchered Grammar- X-Ray Reading: Writing News - The BasicsGrammar: The Rules of the RoadStylebooks: Print and OnlineGrammar's Dirty Dozen: Common Errors Reporters MakeThe Pitfalls of Jargon and Cliches- The Coaching Way: Grammar: Yours and Interviewees'- Reporter's Roundtable: The Importance of Clean CopySummary GuideKey termsExercisesReadings9. Numbers: Using Accurate FiguresWhy Math MattersMaking News With NumbersBasic Math SkillsPercentages, Rates, Percents, Per CapitaAdvanced Math Skills- Ethical Dilemmas: Reporting a Dubious Statistic- The Coaching Way: Doing the MathPolls and SurveysReporting on BudgetsWriting with Numbers- Professional's Roundtable: Adding it All UpSummary GuideKey termsExercisesReadings- Close-Up 9.1 Budget Story10. Lead WritingThe Lead and Its Role in NewswritingHow "5Ws", an "H," and "SW" Create Compelling LeadsDeconstructing LeadsDevelop Your Lead from a FocusFinding the Tension- Journalist at Work: Mark Fritz- Chip's Corner: Cliched Leads and How to Avoid ThemThe Two Types of Leads- X-Ray Reading: Broadcast Lead StoryChoosing the Right LeadRevising Your Leads- The Coaching Way: Thinking About Leads- Professional's Roundtable: Lead WritingSummary GuideKey termsExercisesReadings11. Story FormsShaping the NewsInverted Pyramid: News from the Top Down- Historical Perspectives: Birth of the Inverted PyramidThe Hourglass: Serving News and ReadersThe Nut Graf: Giving Readers a Reason to CareFive Boxes: How Readers Process StoriesThe Narrative: The Way We Tell StoriesSerial Narrative: "To Be Continued"Short-Short Stories: Writing For a Time-Pressed AudienceUsing Story Forms OnlineAlternative Story Forms- Journalist at Work: The Long and Short of ItChoosing the Best Story Form- The Coaching Way: Shaping the News- Professional's Roundtable: Shaping StoriesSummary GuideKey termsExercisesReadings- Close-Up 11.1 Inverted Pyramid Story- Close-Up 11.2 Hourglass Story12. Writing for PrintWriting for NewspapersBehind the Page: Who Does What- Chip's Corner: Newspapers Past and Present- Journalist at Work: A Newspaper Reporter's LifeOn the Page- X-Ray Reading: Localizing a TrendNew Roles for Reporters and EditorsSurviving in a Changing World- The Coaching Way: Working for a Newspaper- Professional's Roundtable: Writing for NewspapersSummary GuideKey termsExercisesReadings13. Online Writing and Content ProductionThe Necessity of AdaptationOnline News Organizations: A Hierarchy of ChangeConvergence- Journalist at Work: A Mojo's Work is Never Done- The Coaching Way: Online Writing- Professional's Roundtable: Three Views of Online WritingThe ABCs of Online JournalismNew Roles for Journalists and the Skills Needed To Fill ThemStory Forms and ElementsSummary GuideKey termsExercisesReadings- Close-Up 13.1 Blog Post14. Broadcast WritingBroadcast News: What It TakesThe Broadcast Newsroom: Who Does What?Working FastInterviewing for BroadcastWriting for Broadcast: Style, Format and ExamplesTeases and Tags: Starting and Ending StrongScript Basics: TV and RadioTV Writing: The PackageWriting for Video- Ethical Dilemmas: The Real Thing?Writing for Audio- Journalist at Work: Shifting from Print to RadioOn-Camera Preparation/Performance Tips- The Coaching Way: Broadcast Quality- Professional's Roundtable: Sound AdviceSummary GuideKey termsExercisesReadings- Close-Up 14.1 TV News Script15. DiversityMaking the Case for Cultural Competence- Chip's Corner: Why Diversity Matters to JournalistsHow Can Reporters See People As People?- Ethical Dilemmas: Challenge Discrimination or Remain SilentTalking Across Differences- Journalist at Work: The Five W's of Diversity CoverageUsing Precision to Avoid Euphemisms, Stereotypes, and Cliches of VisionAvoiding Bias in Racial/Ethnic IdentificationGuidelines for Racial Identifiers in News StoriesConnecting With Diverse CommunitiesTelling Untold Stories: Reporting and Writing Across Cultures- The Coaching Way: Diversity- Professional's Roundtable: Finding DiversitySummary GuideKey termsExercisesReadings- Close-Up 15.1 Writing About Diversity16. Libel, Privacy, EthicsThe Two Sides of Defamation: Libel and SlanderUnderstanding the Elements of Libel- Journalist at Work: Dodging the Libel BulletThe New York Times vs. Sullivan: A Journalistic ShieldTargeting Journalistic ConductOnline Libel: The New Frontier- Ethical Dilemmas: Reporting vs. BloggingRisks Of Whistleblowing: The Ethics Of WikiLeaksPrivacy: Guidelines for Reporters- Chip's Corner: About Recording Telephone InterviewsEthical Decision-Making: Sidestepping Minefields and PitfallsFabrication: "The Legend on the License"Where Credit Is Due: Avoiding Plagiarism- The Coaching Way: Doing the Right Thing- Professional's Roundtable: Doing the Right ThingSummary GuideKey termsExercisesReadings17. First AssignmentsPrepping For Your First AssignmentsNews Release StoriesAccident StoriesFire StoriesCommunity Event Stories- Ethical Dilemmas: What Should You Report?Speeches and News ConferencesMeetings and Hearings Stories- Journalist at Work: Journalistic Rights Under Open Meeting LawsProfiles- The Coaching Way: First Assignments- Professional's Roundtable: Doing It Right the First TimeSummary GuideKey termsExercisesReadings- Close-Up 17.1 Accident Story- Close-Up 17.2 Community Event Story- Close-Up 17.3 Speech Story- Close-Up 17.4 Public Hearing Story- Close-Up 17.5 Profile18. Beats: Police, Courts, Specialty Sports, Business, Education and moreIngredients of Successful Beat Reporting- Chip's Corner: Getting Them to Call BackBasic BeatsSpecialty Beats- Ethical Dilemmas: To Scoop or Not to ScoopWhat a Specialty Beat Requires- Journalist at work: How a Veteran Beat Reporter Became a Multimedia JournalistGetting-and Staying-Organized- The Coaching Way: Beats- Professional's Roundtable: Beat ReportingSummary GuideKey termsExercisesReadings- Close-Up 18.1 Court Story- Close-Up 18.2 Business Story- Close-Up 18.3 Sports Story19. ObituariesThe Obituary: Stories of Death and LifeFour Types of ObituariesReporting and Writing the Obituary: A Process Approach- Chip's Corner: Writing an AppreciationOnline Obituaries- Journalist at Work: An Obituary HoaxMaking Tough Choices: Ethics and Obituaries- Ethical Dilemmas: Digging up the PastPortraits of Grief: A New Stencil?- The Coaching Way: Verification and Respect- Professional's Roundtable: Summing Up a LifeSummary GuideKey termsExercisesReadings- Close-Up 19.1 News Obit- Close-Up 19.2 Feature Obituary20. Emergencies, Disasters, and Conflicts: From Weather to WarThe Media's RoleWhat's Changed: Technology and TimelinessWhat It Takes: ReportingThink DigitalVerify and AttributeStory Structures and Writing StrategiesReporting Painful Truths- Ethical Dilemmas: Should Journalists Help, as Well as Write About, Disaster Victims?Breaking News BlogsIn a War Zone: Getting the Story, Staying SafeHumanize the StoryResponding To Disaster: Easing Journalists' Trauma- The Coaching Way: Disasters- Professional's Roundtable: When Disaster StrikesSummary GuideKey termsExercisesReadings- Close-Up 20.1 Telling a Story of Loss21. Getting and Keeping a JobGetting StartedBest Practice: Get an InternshipJob Hunting Step By StepThe World Wide ResumeJob Prospects, Salaries and BenefitsThe Case for Starting Out Small- Journalist at Work: Lessons from a First job in JournalismAdvice for New Reporters- The Coaching Way: Getting and Keeping a Job- Ethical Dilemmas: Doing the Right Thing- Journalist at Work: The Right Attitude- Professional's Roundtable: Getting a Job and Keeping ItSummary GuideKey termsExercisesReadings- Close-Up 21.1: Resume