No.9: The 1968 Farmington Mine Disaster by Bonnie E. StewartNo.9: The 1968 Farmington Mine Disaster by Bonnie E. Stewart

No.9: The 1968 Farmington Mine Disaster

byBonnie E. Stewart

Paperback | November 1, 2012

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Ninety-nine men entered the cold, dark tunnels of the Consolidation Coal Company’s No.9 Mine in Farmington, West Virginia, on November 20, 1968. Some were worried about the condition of the mine. It had too much coal dust, too much methane gas. They knew that either one could cause an explosion. What they did not know was that someone had intentionally disabled a safety alarm on one of the mine’s ventilation fans. That was a death sentence for most of the crew. The fan failed that morning, but the alarm did not sound. The lack of fresh air allowed methane gas to build up in the tunnels. A few moments before 5:30 a.m., the No.9 blew up. Some men died where they stood. Others lived but suffocated in the toxic fumes that filled the mine. Only 21 men escaped from the mountain.

 No.9: The 1968 Farmington Mine Disaster explains how such a thing could happen—how the coal company and federal and state officials failed to protect the 78 men who died in the mountain. Based on public records and interviews with those who worked in the mine, No.9 describes the conditions underground before and after the disaster and the legal struggles of the miners’ widows to gain justice and transform coal mine safety legislation.

Bonnie E. Stewart is Assistant Professor of Journalism at West Virginia University. She is a former investigative reporter whose work earned The George Polk Award and the national Sigma Delta Chi Award for Public Service.
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Title:No.9: The 1968 Farmington Mine DisasterFormat:PaperbackDimensions:288 pages, 9 × 6 × 1.6 inPublished:November 1, 2012Publisher:West Virginia University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:1933202777

ISBN - 13:9781933202778

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Table of Contents

List of Illustrations

Introduction
Chapter 1      Goodnight, Dad
Chapter 2      Dangerous History
Chapter 3      How Such Things Happen
Chapter 4      Rules of Survival
Chapter 5      A Beautiful Mine
Chapter 6      Methane Madness
Chapter 7      Dry and Dusty
Chapter 8      Warning Signs
Chapter 9      The Last Shift
Chapter 10    The Disaster Hits Home
Chapter 11    A Paralyzed Community
Chapter 12    Bungled Investigation
Chapter 13   Widows and Wildcat Strikes
Chapter 14   Body Production
Chapter 15   In Search of Justice
Chapter 16   Three More Men
Chapter 17   Hidden Evidence
Chapter 18   Ungodly Work
Chapter 19   Inundated by Death
Chapter 20   Who Can Stop Us?
Chapter 21   Business is Business
Chapter 22   Widows’ Last Stand  
Acknowledgments     
Appendix A U.S. Coal Mine Deaths 1900-2009
Appendix B Victims of the No.9 Disaster Nov. 13, 1954
Appendix C Victims of the No.9 Disaster Nov. 20, 1968
Appendix D Chronology of Disasters and Federal Laws
Endnotes
Glossary
Bibliography
About the Author
Index

Editorial Reviews

“Riveting. Chilling. Revealing. The story of Farmington Mine No. 9 belongs on everybody’s book shelf. Seventy-eight miners died during a disaster that rocked West Virginia’s coal fields 43 years ago--propelling front page headlines across the USA and a trail of safety concerns across the globe. Bonnie E. Stewart, a brilliant investigative reporter and university professor, refused to let the headlines fade away. Hail her tenacity.”Bob Dubill, Former Executive Editor, USA TODAY“Bonnie Stewart has written a remarkable book which deserves wide circulation. She has exhaustively researched all the documentary evidence, bolstered with scores of personal interviews. Her evidence proves without a shadow of doubt that the 78 coal miners who lost their lives in the November 20, 1968 Farmington Mine Disaster were killed because management ignored repeated personal testimony by the Farmington miners that the mine would blow up unless dangerous methane and huge collections of explosive coal dust were curbed. Those miners who repeatedly pointed out these dangers were humiliated for their efforts, and management in its greed for the almighty dollar put on intense pressure for increased production, even disabling alarm and warning systems. This book also provides fuel for those protesting mountain-top removal, by proving that the pressure for more coal must not over-ride the health and safety of human beings. “Ken Hechler, Former Secretary of State, West Virginia“With 78 dead and 19 never recovered, the sheer magnitude of the Farmington mine disaster focused national attention on mine safety deficiencies and led to the enactment of the first major corrective legislation in several generations. In the wake of 2010’s Upper Big Branch disaster, Bonnie Stewart’s comprehensive account is a timely reminder that all mine explosions are preventable.”Cecil E. Roberts, International President, United Mine Workers of America