Non-Aqueous Solvents

Paperback | May 1, 1999

byJohn R. Chipperfield

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Solvents other than water are used in chemical analysis, chemical manufacturing, and in specialist syntheses. This book covers the principles and uses of non-aqueous solvents at a level suitable for first or second-year undergraduates. The book first discusses the general properties ofsolvents, and introduces the necessary concepts for making rational choices of solvents for different applications. There is a discussion of the various chemical interactions between solvents and the substances dissolved in them, and how solvents change the course of reactions. The chemistry of 16common solvents is discussed, emphasising the advantages and disadvantages of each. The book concludes with an account of the chemistry of molten salts and discusses the use of low melting temperature compounds as synthetic media. The book expands on the brief treatment of non-aqueous solventsgiven in many textbooks, but avoids the complexities introduced in research treatises. There is no such book currently available to help students.

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Solvents other than water are used in chemical analysis, chemical manufacturing, and in specialist syntheses. This book covers the principles and uses of non-aqueous solvents at a level suitable for first or second-year undergraduates. The book first discusses the general properties ofsolvents, and introduces the necessary concepts f...

John Chipperfield is at University of Hull.
Format:PaperbackPublished:May 1, 1999Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198502591

ISBN - 13:9780198502593

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Table of Contents

Chapter 1: General properties1.1. Introduction1.2. Polarity, Polarization, and Polarizability1.3. Assessment of solvent polarity1.4. Polarity assessment from physical properties1.5. Polarity assessment from chemical properties1.6. Correlation of Solute properties with solvent1.7. Classification of molecular solvents1.8. ProblemsChapter 2: Chemistry in non-aqueous solventsIntroduction2.1. Acid-base reactions2.2. Redox reactions2.3. Solvation, solvolysis, solubility, and solvates2.4. ProblemsChapter 3: Some molecular solvents3.1. Acetic acid3.2. Acetonitrile3.3. Ammonia metals in liquid ammonia; reactions of ammoniated electrons; electrides and alkalides; acid-base reactions in liquid ammonia3.4. Bromine trifluoride3.5. N, N'-Dimethylformamide3.6. Dimethyl sulfoxide3.7. Dinitrogen tetroxide3.8. Ethanol3.9. Ethylenediamine3.10. Hexamethyphosphoramide3.11. Hydrogen fluoride3.12. Sulfur dioxide3.13. Sulfuric acid3.14. Superacides3.15. Tetrahydrofuran3.16. Supercritical fluids3.17. ProblemsChapter 4: Molten framework solids4.1. Molten salts and oxides4.2. Molten halides4.3. Metals in molten salts4.4. Low melting salts4.5. Group 1 metal nitrate melts4.6. Hydroxide melts as solvents4.7. Oxides as solventsGlossaryTable of molecular solventsBibliographyAnswers to problems