Nonlinear Functional Analysis And Its Applications: I: Fixed-Point Theorems by Eberhard ZeidlerNonlinear Functional Analysis And Its Applications: I: Fixed-Point Theorems by Eberhard Zeidler

Nonlinear Functional Analysis And Its Applications: I: Fixed-Point Theorems

byEberhard ZeidlerEditorP.R. Wadsack

Hardcover | November 6, 1998

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The greatest mathematicians, such as Archimedes, Newton, and Gauss, always united theory and applications in equal measure. Felix Klein There exists the remarkable possibility that one can master a subject mathemati­ cally, without really understanding its essence. Albert Einstein Don't give us numbers: give us insight! A contemporary natural scientist to a mathematician Numerous questions in physics, chemistry, biology, and economics lead to nonlinear problems; for example, deformation of rods, plates, and shells; behavior of plastic materials; surface waves of fluids; flows around objects in fluids or gases; shock waves in gases; movement of viscous fluids; equilibrium forms of rotating fluids in astrophysics; determination of the shape of the earth through gravitational measu- ments; behavior of magnetic fields of astrophysical objects; melting processes; chemical reactions; heat radiation; processes in nuclear reactors; nonlinear oscillation in physics, chemistry, and biology; 2 Introduction existence and stability of periodic and quasiperiodic orbits in celestial mechanics; stability of physical, chemical, biological, ecological, and economic processes; diffusion processes in physics, chemistry, and biology; processes with entropy production, and self-organization of systems in physics, chemistry, and biology; study of the electrical potential variation in the heart through measure­ ments on the body surface to prevent heart attacks; determining material constants or material laws (e. g.
Title:Nonlinear Functional Analysis And Its Applications: I: Fixed-Point TheoremsFormat:HardcoverDimensions:909 pagesPublished:November 6, 1998Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/Trade

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0387909141

ISBN - 13:9780387909141

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Table of Contents

Fundamental Fixed-Point Principles.- 1 The Banach Fixed-Point Theorem and Iterative Methods.- §1.1. The Banach Fixed-Point Theorem.- §1.2. Continuous Dependence on a Parameter.- §1.3. The Significance of the Banach Fixed-Point Theorem.- §1.4. Applications to Nonlinear Equations.- §1.5. Accelerated Convergence and Newton's Method.- § 1.6. The Picard-Lindelof Theorem.- §1.7. The Main Theorem for Iterative Methods for Linear Operator Equations.- §1.8. Applications to Systems of Linear Equations.- §1.9. Applications to Linear Integral Equations.- 2 The Schauder Fixed-Point Theorem and Compactness.- §2.1. Extension Theorem.- §2.2. Retracts.- §2.3. The Brouwer Fixed-Point Theorem.- §2.4. Existence Principle for Systems of Equations.- §2.5. Compact Operators.- §2.6. The Schauder Fixed-Point Theorem.- §2.7. Peano's Theorem.- §2.8. Integral Equations with Small Parameters.- §2.9. Systems of Integral Equations and Semilinear Differential Equations.- §2.10. A General Strategy.- §2.11. Existence Principle for Systems of Inequalities.- Applications of the Fundamental Fixed-Point Principles.- 3 Ordinary Differential Equations in B-spaces.- §3.1. Integration of Vector Functions of One Real Variable t.- §3.2. Differentiation of Vector Functions of One Real Variable t.- §3.3. Generalized Picard-Lindelöf Theorem.- §3.4. Generalized Peano Theorem.- §3.5. Gronwall's Lemma.- §3.6. Stability of Solutions and Existence of Periodic Solutions.- §3.7. Stability Theory and Plane Vector Fields, Electrical Circuits, Limit Cycles.- §3.8. Perspectives.- 4 Differential Calculus and the Implicit Function Theorem.- §4.1. Formal Differential Calculus.- §4.2. The Derivatives of Fréchet and G'teaux.- §4.3. Sum Rule, Chain Rule, and Product Rule.- §4.4. Partial Derivatives.- §4.5. Higher Differentials and Higher Derivatives.- §4.6. Generalized Taylor's Theorem.- §4.7. The Implicit Function Theorem.- §4.8. Applications of the Implicit Function Theorem.- §4.9. Attracting and Repelling Fixed Points and Stability.- §4.10. Applications to Biological Equilibria.- §4.11. The Continuously Differentiable Dependence of the Solutions of Ordinary Differential Equations in B-spaces on the Initial Values and on the Parameters.- §4.12. The Generalized Frobenius Theorem and Total Differential Equations.- §4.13. Diffeomorphisms and the Local Inverse Mapping Theorem.- §4.14. Proper Maps and the Global Inverse Mapping Theorem.- §4.15. The Suijective Implicit Function Theorem.- §4.16. Nonlinear Systems of Equations, Subimmersions, and the Rank Theorem.- §4.17. A Look at Manifolds.- §4.18. Submersions and a Look at the Sard-Smale Theorem.- §4.19. The Parametrized Sard Theorem and Constructive Fixed-Point Theory.- 5 Newton's Method.- §5.1. A Theorem on Local Convergence.- §5.2. The Kantorovi? Semi-Local Convergence Theorem.- 6 Continuation with Respect to a Parameter.- §6.1. The Continuation Method for Linear Operators.- §6.2. B-spaces of Hölder Continuous Functions.- §6.3. Applications to Linear Partial Differential Equations.- §6.4. Functional-Analytic Interpretation of the Existence Theorem and its Generalizations.- §6.5. Applications to Semi-linear Differential Equations.- §6.6. The Implicit Function Theorem and the Continuation Method.- §6.7. Ordinary Differential Equations in B-spaces and the Continuation Method.- §6.8. The Leray-Schauder Principle.- §6.9. Applications to Quasi-linear Elliptic Differential Equations.- 7 Positive Operators.- §7.1. Ordered B-spaces.- §7.2. Monotone Increasing Operators.- §7.3. The Abstract Gronwall Lemma and its Applications to Integral Inequalities.- §7.4. Supersolutions, Subsolutions, Iterative Methods, and Stability.- §7.5. Applications.- §7.6. Minorant Methods and Positive Eigensolutions.- §7.7. Applications.- §7.8. The Krein-Rutman Theorem and its Applications.- §7.9. Asymptotic Linear Operators.- §7.10. Main Theorem for Operators of Monotone Type.- §7.11. Application to a Heat Conduction Problem.- §7.12. Existence of Three Solutions.- §7.13. Main Theorem for Abstract Hammerstein Equations in Ordered B-spaces.- §7.14. Eigensolutions of Abstract Hammerstein Equations, Bifurcation, Stability, and the Nonlinear Krein-Rutman Theorem.- §7.15. Applications to Hammerstein Integral Equations.- §7.16. Applications to Semi-linear Elliptic Boundary-Value Problems.- §7.17. Application to Elliptic Equations with Nonlinear Boundary Conditions.- §7.18. Applications to Boundary Initial-Value Problems for Parabolic Differential Equations and Stability.- 8 Analytic Bifurcation Theory.- §8.1. A Necessary Condition for Existence of a Bifurcation Point.- §8.2. Analytic Operators.- §8.3. An Analytic Majorant Method.- §8.4. Fredholm Operators.- §8.5. The Spectrum of Compact Linear Operators (Riesz-Schauder Theory).- §8.6. The Branching Equations of Ljapunov-Schmidt.- §8.7. The Main Theorem on the Generic Bifurcation From Simple Zeros.- §8.8. Applications to Eigenvalue Problems.- §8.9. Applications to Integral Equations.- §8.10. Application to Differential Equations.- §8.11. The Main Theorem on Generic Bifurcation for Multiparametric Operator Equations-The Bunch Theorem.- §8.12. Main Theorem for Regular Semi-linear Equations.- §8.13. Parameter-Induced Oscillation.- §8.14. Self-Induced Oscillations and Limit Cycles.- §8.15. Hopf Bifurcation.- §8.16. The Main Theorem on Generic Bifurcation from Multiple Zeros.- §8.17. Stability of Bifurcation Solutions.- §8.18. Generic Point Bifurcation.- 9 Fixed Points of Multivalued Maps.- §9.1. Generalized Banach Fixed-Point Theorem.- §9.2. Upper and Lower Semi-continuity of Multivalued Maps.- §9.3. Generalized Schauder Fixed-Point Theorem.- §9.4. Variational Inequalities and the Browder Fixed-Point Theorem.- §9.5. An Extremal Principle.- §9.6. The Minimax Theorem and Saddle Points.- §9.7. Applications in Game Theory.- §9.8. Selections and the Marriage Theorem.- §9.9. Michael's Selection Theorem.- §9.10. Application to the Generalized Peano Theorem for Differential Inclusions.- 10 Nonexpansive Operators and Iterative Methods.- §10.1. Uniformly Convex B-spaces.- §10.2. Demiclosed Operators.- §10.3. The Fixed-Point Theorem of Browder, Göhde, and Kirk.- §10.4. Demicompact Operators.- §10.5. Convergence Principles in B-spaces.- §10.6. Modified Successive Approximations.- §10.7. Application to Periodic Solutions.- 11 Condensing Maps and the Bourbaki-Kneser Fixed-Point Theorem.- §11.1. A Noncompactness Measure.- §11.2. Applications to Generalized Interval Nesting.- §11.3. Condensing Maps.- §11.4. Operators with Closed Range and an Approximation Technique for Constructing Fixed Points.- §11.5. Sadovskii's Fixed-Point Theorem for Condensing Maps.- §11.6. Fixed-Point Theorems for Perturbed Operators.- §11.7. Application to Differential Equations in B-spaces.- §11.8. The Bourbaki-Kneser Fixed-Point Theorem.- § 11.9. The Fixed-Point Theorems of Amann and Tarski.- §11.10. Application to Interval Arithmetic.- §11.11. Application to Formal Languages.- The Mapping Degree and the Fixed-Point Index.- 12 The Leray-Schauder Fixed-Point Index.- §12.1. Intuitive Background and Basic Concepts.- §12.2. Homotopy.- §12.3. The System of Axioms.- §12.4. An Approximation Theorem.- §12.5. Existence and Uniqueness of the Fixed-Point Index in ?N.- §12.6. Proof of Theorem 12.A..- §12.7. Existence and Uniqueness of the Fixed-Point Index in B-spaces.- §12.8. Product Theorem and Reduction Theorem.- 13 Applications of the Fixed-Point Index.- §13.1. A General Fixed-Point Principle.- §13.2. A General Eigenvalue Principle.- §13.3. Existence of Multiple Solutions.- §13.4. A Continuum of Fixed Points.- §13.5. Applications to Differential Equations.- §13.6. Properties of the Mapping Degree.- §13.7. The Leray Product Theorem and Homeomorphisms.- §13.8. The Jordan-Brouwer Separation Theorem and Brouwer's Invariance of Dimension Theorem.- §13.9. A Brief Glance at the History of Mathematics.- §13.10. Topology and Intuition.- §13.11. Generalization of the Mapping Degree.- 14 The Fixed-Point Index of Differentiable and Analytic Maps.- §14.1. The Fixed-Point Index of Classical Analytic Functions.- §14.2. The Leray-Schauder Index Theorem.- §14.3. The Fixed-Point Index of Analytic Mappings on Complex B-spaces.- §14.4. The Schauder Fixed-Point Theorem with Uniqueness.- §14.5. Solution of Analytic Operator Equations.- §14.6. The Global Continuation Principle of Leray-Schauder.- §14.7. Unbounded Solution Components.- §14.8. Applications to Systems of Equations.- §14.9. Applications to Integral Equations.- §14.10. Applications to Boundary-Value Problems.- §14.11. Applications to Integral Power Series.- 15 Topological Bifurcation Theory.- §15.1. The Index Jump Principle.- §15.2. Applications to Systems of Equations.- §15.3. Duality Between the Index Jump Principle and the Leray-Schauder Continuation Principle.- §15.4. The Geometric Heart of the Continuation Method.- §15.5. Stability Change and Bifurcation.- §15.6. Local Bifurcation.- §15.7. Global Bifurcation.- §15.8. Application to Systems of Equations.- §15.9. Application to Integral Equations.- §15.10. Application to Differential Equations.- §15.11. Application to Bifurcation at Infinity.- §15.12. Proof of the Main Theorem.- §15.13. Preventing Secondary Bifurcation.- 16 Essential Mappings and the Borsuk Antipodal Theorem.- §16.1. Intuitive Introduction.- §16.2. Essential Mappings and their Homotopy Invariance.- §16.3. The Antipodal Theorem.- §16.4. The Invariance of Domain Theorem and Global Homeomorphisms.- §16.5. The Borsuk-Ulam Theorem and its Applications.- §16.6. The Mapping Degree and Essential Maps.- §16.7. The Hopf Theorem.- §16.8. A Glance at Homotopy Theory.- 17 Asymptotic Fixed-Point Theorems.- §17.1. The Generalized Banach Fixed-Point Theorem.- §17.2. The Fixed-Point Index of Iterated Mappings.- §17.3. The Generalized Schauder Fixed-Point Theorem.- §17.4. Application to Dissipati ve Dynamical Systems.- §17.5. Perspectives.- References.- Additional References to the Second Printing.- List of Symbols.- List of Theorems.- List of the Most Important Definitions.- Schematic Overviews.- General References to the Literature.- List of Important Principles.- of the Other Parts.