Nonlinear structural design optimization of cable stayed bridges by Nazim Nariman

Nonlinear structural design optimization of cable stayed bridges

byNazim Nariman

Kobo ebook | November 27, 2013

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Scientific Study from the year 2013 in the subject Engineering - Civil Engineering, grade: -, University of Weimar, course: Cable Stayed Bridges, language: English, abstract: In this research, many models of a cable stayed bridge were generated using ABAQUS finite element commercial software for the purpose of proceeding with nonlinear design optimization on the shape and topology of the structure. The cable stayed bridge models in all cases are with a constant length and width for the deck, also the pylons height under and above the deck is constant, but the shape of stay cables arrangement varies to three main famous arrangements which are Fan, Semi harp and Harp.In addition to change in the pylons shape which are three known shapes Double out, Single Center and Single inclined out, and it is worthy to mention that in all cases of the shape optimization of the pylons , the stay cables arrangements are Fan style, andby governing computational nonlinear optimization process on the finite element models in all cases of shape and topology optimization through using static general step for analysis and a certain meshing type with global seeding size for the Beam elements, with a fixed and pinned boundary conditions for the deck supports and fixed boundary for the pylons.Concentrated static loads assigned on the same positions on the deck for all models cases. A numerical optimization and graphical simulation of the results were used to determine many responsesin the model cases which areReactions, Deflections and Mises stresses in the structural models of the cable stayed bridge, especially at the deck, pylons and the stay cables which are the main components of the structure, also the same step in the deck and pylons supportshas been done for optimization outputs. It is apparent and clear that the cable stayed model with the Fan arrangement of the stay cables showed efficiency and the best topological model case for the structural design optimization that involved a safe, robust, rigid, and safe for the design of cable stayed bridges. The pylon shape with double out case was the best design situation compared with the other two models single center and single inclined out shapes, this point was obvious in the reactions, deflections and Mises stresses for the deck supports and the deck itself, and as a result the Double out with a Fan shape arrangement of the cable stays is the best model for the design of cable stayed bridges to resist the static loads.
Title:Nonlinear structural design optimization of cable stayed bridgesFormat:Kobo ebookPublished:November 27, 2013Publisher:GRIN PublishingLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:3656550220

ISBN - 13:9783656550228

Appropriate for ages: All ages

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