Occupational and Environmental Health: Recognizing and Preventing Disease and Injury

Paperback | February 8, 2011

byBarry S. Levy, David H. Wegman, Sherry L. Baron

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Occupational and environmental health is the public health and multidisciplinary approach to the recognition, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and control of disease, injuries, and other adverse health conditions resulting from hazardous environmental exposures in the workplace, the home, orthe community. These are essential elements of public health practice and the core course in Environmental Health in Masters of Public Health programs.Thoroughly updated and expanded upon, the sixth edition of Occupational and Environmental Health provides comprehensive coverage and a clear understanding of occupational and environmental health and its relationships to public health, environmental science, and governmental policy. New chaptersinclude Toxicology, Risk Communication, Health Equity and Social Justice, Occupational and Environmental Health Surveillance, Food Safety, Protecting Disaster Rescue and Recovery Workers, Implementing Programs and Policies for a Healthy Workforce, and Addressing the Built Environment and Health. Theauthors also expand on chapters included in previous chapters, and the book features practical case studies, numerous tables, graphs, and photos, and annotated bibliographies.

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Occupational and environmental health is the public health and multidisciplinary approach to the recognition, diagnosis, treatment, prevention, and control of disease, injuries, and other adverse health conditions resulting from hazardous environmental exposures in the workplace, the home, orthe community. These are essential elements...

Barry S. Levy, MD, MPH, is Adjunct Professor of Public Health at Tufts University School of Medicine, Boston, MA. David H. Wegman, MD, MSc, is Professor Emeritus, Department of Work Environment, School of Health and Environment at the University of Massachusetts Lowell. Sherry L. Baron, MD, MPH, is Coordinator, Occupational Health Disp...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:888 pages, 7.09 × 9.88 × 1.5 inPublished:February 8, 2011Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195397886

ISBN - 13:9780195397888

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Extra Content

Table of Contents

Section I. Work, Environment, and Health1. Barry S. Levy, David H. Wegman, Sherry L. Baron, and Rosemary K. Sokas: Occupational and Environmental Health: 21st Century Challenges and Opportunities2. Rosemary K. Sokas, Barry S. Levy, David H. Wegman, and Sherry L. Baron: Recognizing and Preventing Occupational and Environmental Disease and InjuryRafael Moure-Eraso: Box 2-1: Avoiding the Transfer of Risk: Cleaner Production and Pollution PreventionMargaret Quinn and Nancy Lessin: Box 2-2: Effectively Educating Workers and CommunitiesBox 2-3: Labor-Management Safety CommitteesMichael Silverstein: Box 2-4: How to Use the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)James L. Weeks: Box 2-5: Essentials of the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA)Michelle Watters: Box 2-6: How to Request Assistance from the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR)3. Kerry Souza, Letitia Davis, and Jeffrey Shire: Occupational and Environmental Health SurveillanceBox 3-1: Hazard SurveillanceJennifer Flattery: Box 3-2: Asthma Surveillance in California: Combining Environmental and Occupational Health SurveillanceLemuel Turner: Box 3-3: National Childhood Blood Lead SurveillanceShahed Iqbal, Fuyuen Yip, Jacquelyn Clower, and Paul Garbe: Box 3-4: Carbon Monoxide Poisoning SurveillanceBox 3-5: Environmental Public Health Tracking NetworkBox 3-6: Surveillance for Childhood Lead Poisoning Reveals Workplace Lead ProblemBox 3-7: Infectious Disease Surveillance and OccupationBox 3-8: Occupational Health Reporting Requirements in New JerseyRick Rabin: Box 3-9: Tracking Lead Exposure to Workers: The Massachusetts Blood Lead Registry4. Sherry Baron and Sacoby Wilson: Occupational and Environmental Health Equity and Social JusticeSusan Gunn: Box 4-1: Child LaborBox 4-2: Women construction workers: An example of sexual harassment in the workplaceAdam Spanier: Children as a Special Population at Risk for Environmental HazardsBarry S. Levy: Box 4-4: The Export of Hazard5. Simon Hales, Robyn Lucas, and Anthony J. McMichael: Global Environmental HazardsBox 5-1. Chemical reactions in the destruction of ozoneBox 5-2: Examples of health risks arising from global trade processesBox 5-3: Interactions between climate change and stratospheric ozone depletionSection II. Hazardous Exposures6. Isabelle Romieu, Mauricio Hernandez Avila, and Fernando Holguin: Outdoor Air Pollution7. Mark R. Cullen and Kathleen Kreiss: Indoor Air QualityKathleen Kreiss: Box 7-1: Environmental Tobacco SmokeJohn R. Balmes: Box 7-2: Exposure to Biomass Fuel Fumes8. Jeffrey A. Foran: Water Contamination and Wastewater TreatmentBox 8-1: Generalized Steps in the Treatment of Sanitary Waste Prior to its Discharge to Surface WatersBox 8-2: General Steps Used in the Treatment of Drinking WaterBox 8-3: The Debate Over Regulation of AtrazineBox 8-4 Coal Waste and Water Quality9. Craig W. Hedberg: Food Safety10. Denny Dobbin, Rodney D. Turpin, Ken Silver, and Michelle Watters: Hazardous WasteBox 10-1: Asbestos in Libby, Montana11. Michael Gochfeld and Robert Laumbach: Chemical HazardsDonna Mergler: Box 11-1: An Ecohealth Approach to Mercury Contamination12A. Martin G. Cherniack: VibrationBox 12A-1. DefinitionsBox 12A-2. Standard Elements in Diagnosing HAVS12B. Ann M. Krake: Extremes of TemperatureJohn Halpin: Box 12B- 1: Physical Hazards Related to Hyperbaric and Hypobaric Environments and Their Adverse Health EffectsTord Kjellstrom: Box 12B-2: Climate Change, Workplace Heat, and Health12C. John Cardarelli: Ionizing and Nonionizing Radiation13. Mark Russi: Biological Hazards14. Joseph J. Hurrell, Jr.: Occupational StressSherry L. Baron and SangWoo Tak: Box 14-1: Time, Work, Stress, and Well-Being in SocietyDavid H. Wegman and SangWoo Tak: Box 14-2: ShiftworkSection III. Adverse Health Effects15. Dawn N. Castillo, Timothy J. Pizatella, and Nancy Stout: Injuries and Occupational SafetyBox 15-1: Injuries Are a Major Public Health ProblemBox 15-2: Hispanics Are a Priority Population for Occupational Injury PreventionBox 15-3: The Youngest and Oldest Workers Present Challenges and Opportunities for PreventionBox 15-4: Unique Challenges for Prevention of Roadway Occupational Deaths and InjuriesBox 15-5: Workplace Violence -- A Complex Workplace Injury PhenomenonBox 15-6: Unique Role for Public Health Agencies in Occupational Safety16. Barbara Silverstein and Bradley Evanoff: Musculoskeletal DisordersBox 16-1: Plumber's KneeBox 16-2: The choice of a health care provider for injured workers is importantBox 16-3: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Case17. Elizabeth Ward: Cancer18. Amy M. Nuernberg and David C. Christian: Respiratory DisordersBox 18-1: Childhood Asthma19. Edward L. Baker, Jr., and Nancy L. Fiedler: Neurologic and Psychiatric Disorders20. Linda M. Frazier and Deborah Barkin Fromer: Reproductive and Developmental DisordersBarry S. Levy: Box 20-1: DBCP: A Potent Male Reproductive Toxicant21. Thais C. Morata, David C. Byrne, and Peter M. Rabinowitz: Noise Exposure and Hearing DisordersBox 21-1: Case of hearing loss following noise and chemical exposuresBox 21-2: Case of noise-induced hearing loss and tinnitus22. Loren C. Tapp and Boris D. Lushniak: Skin Disorders23. Kenneth D. Rosenman: Cardiovascular DisordersSection IV. Recognition, Assessment, and Prevention24. Jennifer M. Cavallari, Ellen A. Eisen, David H. Wegman, and Marie S. O'Neill: EpidemiologyBox 24-1. Guide for Evaluating Epidemiologic Studies25. Robert Laumbach and Michael Gochfeld: ToxicologyBox 25-1: Definitions26. Thomas J. Smith and John D. Meeker: Occupational and Environmental HygieneBox 26-1. Assessing Indoor Air PollutionMargaret Quinn: Box 26-2: Nanoparticles: Occupational and Environmental Exposures, Health Effects, and Control Measures27. W. Monroe Keyserling: Occupational Ergonomics: Promoting Safety and Health Through Work DesignBox 27-1: Ergonomic Approaches to Prevention28. Gary Greenberg and Bonnie Rogers: Clinical Occupational and Environmental Health PracticeBox 28-1: The Association of Occupational and Environmental Clinics29. Paul Schulte, Scott Schneider, and Ray Sinclair: Risk Communication and Information DisseminationCraig W. Trumbo: Box 29-1: Environmental Risk Communication30. Nicholas A. Ashford and Charles C. Caldart: Government Regulation of Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety in the United States and the European Union31. Leslie I. Boden, Peter S. Barth, Neil T. Leifer, David C. Strouss, Emily A. Spieler, and Patricia A. Roche: Legal RemediesBox 31-1. When Employers are Subject to Lawsuits for Workplace Injuries and IllnessesBox 31-2: Permanent Disability Benefits in the People's Republic of ChinaSection V. An Integrated Approach to Prevention32. Robin Baker, Laura Stock, and Valeria Velazquez: The Roles of Labor UnionsBox 32-1: Glossary of Key Labor TermsBox 32-2: Names of Major UnionsBox 32-3: Sample Health and Safety Contract LanguageBox 32-4: Advocating for Healthy Jobs33. Kathleen M. Rest: The Roles of Environmental Nongovernmental OrganizationsBox 33-1: Principles of Environmental JusticeBox 33-2: Ceres Principles34. Bruce Bernard: Conducting Worksite InvestigationsBox 34-1: Silica Exposure Among Roofing-Tile WorkersBox 34-2: Chlorine Exposure Among Lifeguards at an Indoor Swimming ResortBox 34-3: Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure Among Casino DealersBox 34-4: Indoor Air Quality and Cancer35. Henry A. Anderson and Henry Nehls-Lowe: Responding to Community Environmental Health Concerns36. Sherry L. Baron, Andrea L. Steege, Laura S. Welch, and Jane A. Lipscomb: Addressing Health and Safety Hazards in Specific Industries: Agriculture, Construction, and Health CareBox 36-1: Livestock workers37. Dori B. Reissman and John Piacentino: Protecting Disaster Rescue and Recovery WorkersBox 37-1: Public and Environmental Health Issues in Disasters38. Martin Cherniack and Laura Punnett: Implementing Programs and Policies for a Healthy Workforce39. Richard J. Jackson: Addressing the Built Environment and HealthAppendix: Illustrative Nongovernmental Organizations

Editorial Reviews

"The book is geared primarily to medical personnel and professionals, but it contains many chapters that would be of use to nearly everyone. It is a delight to read." --Journal of Community Health