Of Sondry Folk: The Dramatic Principle in the Canterbury Tales by R. M. LumianskyOf Sondry Folk: The Dramatic Principle in the Canterbury Tales by R. M. Lumiansky

Of Sondry Folk: The Dramatic Principle in the Canterbury Tales

byR. M. Lumiansky


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Two hundred years before Shakespeare observed that “all the world’s a stage,” another writer with a flair for drama realized the same fact. This writer was Geoffrey Chaucer.

Chaucer, however, presented his dramatic efforts through the medium of short stories, and he is regularly referred to as one of the world’s great storytellers. Yet there are certain questions which arise time and again in the minds of literary scholars. Most of the tales in the Canterbury collection are excellent, but why did Chaucer include such obviously poor recitals as the dull “Melibeus” and the lengthy “Parson’s Tale”? Did he fail to recognize their lack of literary merit? Or were those of his stories which seem so dull to modern readers really popular in fourteenth-century England?

Of Sondry Folk is Lumiansky’s answer to such questions. But it is more than that. It is the revelation of Chaucer as dramatic writer. Chaucer, says Lumiansky, did not intend primarily to tell a series of good tales. Instead, he chose tales which suited his purpose of dramatic exposition of character. And the characters, though drawn from many walks of life, are not stereotypes. Their tales not only disclose what the Pilgrims think of themselves but reveal these Pilgrims as they really are—dull, romantic, egotistical, pious, or lustful.

Not all readers will agree with Lumiansky’s conclusions in this book. But his scholarship, his clear, uninvolved prose, and his wit and frankness make of it an excellent handbook for the student of the Canterbury Tales. Of Sondry Folk will increase the enjoyment and understanding of Chaucer’s art for any reader, lay or scholarly.

Robert Mayer Lumiansky (1913–1987) was Dean of the Graduate School at Tulane University and an author of many books.
Title:Of Sondry Folk: The Dramatic Principle in the Canterbury TalesFormat:PaperbackDimensions:284 pages, 9 × 6 × 0.68 inPublisher:University Of Texas Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0292760175

ISBN - 13:9780292760172

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Table of Contents

  • Preface
  • Abbreviations
  • Part I. Introduction: The Point of View and the Assumptions
  • Part II. The Movable Stage: The General Prologue and the Links
  • Part III. The Twenty-three Performances
    • The Knight
    • The Miller
    • The Reeve
    • The Cook
    • The Sergeant of the Law
    • The Shipman
    • The Prioress
    • The Pilgrim Chaucer
    • The Monk
    • The Nun’s Priest
    • The Wife of Bath
    • The Friar
    • The Summoner
    • The Clerk
    • The Merchant
    • The Squire
    • The Franklin
    • The Physician
    • The Pardoner
    • The Second Nun
    • The Canon’s Yeoman
    • The Manciple
    • The Parson
  • Conclusion: The Dramatic Principle
  • Selected Bibliography
  • Index

Editorial Reviews

"Anyone who has merely given the Canterbury Tales a hasty or a laboured reading would do well to use Dr. Lumiansky's book as a reintroduction to the poem; it is methodical and interesting, and it boldly states a thesis that gives a new cohesion to the Tales, and a new motive to their poet . . . . The Chaucer scholar will enjoy the book, too, because it is well written and its authorities are sound." - Journal of English and Germanic Philology