Oil in Texas: The Gusher Age, 1895-1945

Paperback | January 9, 2013

byDiana Davids Hinton, Roger M. Olien

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As the twentieth century began, oil in Texas was easy to find, but the quantities were too small to attract industrial capital and production. Then, on January 10, 1901, the Spindletop gusher blew in. Over the next fifty years, oil transformed Texas, creating a booming economy that built cities, attracted out-of-state workers and companies, funded schools and universities, and generated wealth that raised the overall standard of living—even for blue-collar workers. No other twentieth-century development had a more profound effect upon the state.

In this book, Roger M. Olien and Diana Davids Hinton chronicle the explosive growth of the Texas oil industry from the first commercial production at Corsicana in the 1890s through the vital role of Texas oil in World War II. Using both archival records and oral histories, they follow the wildcatters and the gushers as the oil industry spread into almost every region of the state. The authors trace the development of many branches of the petroleum industry—pipelines, refining, petrochemicals, and natural gas. They also explore how overproduction and volatile prices led to increasing regulation and gave broad regulatory powers to the Texas Railroad Commission.

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As the twentieth century began, oil in Texas was easy to find, but the quantities were too small to attract industrial capital and production. Then, on January 10, 1901, the Spindletop gusher blew in. Over the next fifty years, oil transformed Texas, creating a booming economy that built cities, attracted out-of-state workers and compa...

ROGER M. OLIEN, who has a Ph.D. in History from Brown University, lives in Austin and is a member of the Texas State Historical Association Speakers Bureau. The authors have written five books and numerous articles on the petroleum industry.
Format:PaperbackDimensions:320 pages, 9.05 × 6 × 0.76 inPublished:January 9, 2013Publisher:University Of Texas PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0292753144

ISBN - 13:9780292753143

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Table of Contents

Preface1. The Road to Spindletop2. The First Great Boom3. After the Boom4. Oily Water and Black Gold5. The Rising Tide of Oil6. Oil in Cow Country7. The Colossus of Texas Booms8. Survival and Growth9. Texas Oil Goes to WarNotesGlossaryBibliographyIndex

Editorial Reviews

Comprehensive in its coverage, clearly organized and written, and thoroughly researched, this book fills a significant hole in the historical literature on Texas oil. - Joe Pratt, Cullen Professor of History and Business, University of Houston