Across North America, Islam is portrayed as a religion of immigrants, converts, and cultural outsiders. Yet Muslims have been embedded in American society for much longer than most people realize. Old Islam in Detroit documents the rich history of Islam in Detroit, a city that is home toseveral of America's oldest and most diverse Muslim communities.In the early 1900s, there were thousands of Muslims in Detroit. Most came from Eastern Europe, the Ottoman Empire, and British India. By the 1930s, new Islam-oriented social movements were taking root among African Americans in Detroit. By the 1950s, Albanians, Arabs, African Americans, and SouthAsians all had mosques and religious associations in the city, and they were confident that Islam could be, and had already become, an American religion.Old Islam in Detroit explores the rise of Detroit's earliest Muslim communities. The book documents the culture wars and doctrinal debates that ensued as these populations confronted Muslim newcomers who did not understand their manner of worship or the American identities they had created. Bylooking closely at this historical encounter, Sally Howell provides a new interpretation of the possibilities and limits of Muslim incorporation in American life. Showing how Islam has become American in the past, Howell argues that the anxieties many new Muslim Americans and non-Muslims feel aboutthe place of Islam in American society today are part of a dynamic process of political and religious change that is still unfolding.