On The Connection Of The Physical Sciences by Mary SomervilleOn The Connection Of The Physical Sciences by Mary Somerville

On The Connection Of The Physical Sciences

byMary Somerville

Paperback | May 8, 2012

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1871 Excerpt: ...the discharge is directly proportional to the temperature, and inversely as the length of the bar. As there are perpetual variations in the temperature of all terrestrial substances and of the atmosphere, from the rotation of the earth, and its revolution round the sun, from combustion, friction, fermentation, electricity, and an infinity of other causes, the tendency to restore the equability of temperature by the transmission of caloric must maintain all the particles of matter in a state of perpetual oscillation, which will be more or less rapid according to the conducting powers of the substances. From the motion of the heavenly bodies about their axes, and also round the sun, exposing them to perpetual changes of temperature, it may be inferred that similar causes will produce like effects in them too. The revolutions of the double stars show that they are not at rest; and though we are totally ignorant of the changes that may be going on in the nebulae and millions of other remote bodies, it is hardly possible that they should be in absolute repose; so that, as far as our knowledge extends, motion seems to be a law of matter. Heat applied to the surface of a fluid is propagated downward very slowly, the warmer and consequently lighter strata always remaining at the top. This is the reason why the water at the bottom of lakes fed from alpine chains is so cold; for the heat of the sun is transfused but a little way below the surface. When heat is applied below a liquid, the particles continually rise as they become specifically lighter in consequence of the caloric, and diffuse it through the mass, their place being perpetually supplied by those that are more dense. The power of conducting heat varies materially in different liquids. Mercury conducts tw...
Title:On The Connection Of The Physical SciencesFormat:PaperbackDimensions:170 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.36 inPublished:May 8, 2012Publisher:General Books LLCLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0217521444

ISBN - 13:9780217521444