On the Nature of the Scholar and its manifestations by Johann Gottlieb FichteOn the Nature of the Scholar and its manifestations by Johann Gottlieb Fichte

On the Nature of the Scholar and its manifestations

byJohann Gottlieb FichteTranslated byWilliam Smith

Hardcover | April 16, 2017

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Thomas Carlyle described Fichte and this book thus:

"Fichte, the German philosopher, delivered, some forty years ago, at Jena, a highly remarkable course of lectures on this subject: 'Neber das Wesen des Gelehrten (on the Nature of the Literary Man).' Fichte, in conformity with the transcendental Philosophy, of which he was a distinguished teacher, declares, first: That all things which we see or work with in this earth, especially we ourselves and all persons, are as a kind of vesture or sensuous appearance: that under all there lies, as the essence of them, what he call the ' Divine Idea of the World;' this is the reality which 'lies at the bottom of all appearance.' To the mass of men no such divine idea is recognisable in the world; they live, merely, says Fichte, among the superficialities, practicalities, and shows of the world, not dreaming that there is anything divine under them. But the man of letters is sent hither specially that he may discern for himself, and make manifest itself in a new dialect; and he is there for the purpose of doing that. Such is Fichte's phraseology; with which we need not quarrel. It is his way of naming what I here, by other words, am striving imperfectly to name; what there is at present no name for; the unspeakable Divine Significance, full of splendour, of wonder and terror, that lies in the being of every man, of everything—the presence of the God, who made every man and thin?

"Fichte calls the man or letters, therefore, a prophet, or as he prefers to phrase it, a priest, continually unfolding the godlike to men: Men of letters are a perpetual priesthood, from age to age, teaching all men that a God is still present in their life; that all appearance,' whatsoever we see in the world, is but as a vesture of the 'Divine Idea of the World,' for 'that which lies at the bottom of appearance.' In the true literary man there is thus ever, acknowledged or not by the world, a sacredness: he is the light of the world; the world's priest;—guiding it, like a sacred pillar of fire, in its dark pi grim age through the waste of Time. Fichte discriminates with sharp zeal the true literary man, what we here call the hero as man of letters, from multitudes of false un-heroic. Fichte even calls him elsewhere a 'nonentity,' and has in short no mercy for him, no wish that he should continue happy among us! This is Fichte's notion of the man of letters.

Born on May 19, 1762 in the village of Rammenau in Saxony (in what is now Germany), Johann Gottlieb Fichte was the eldest son of a poor and pious family. The local baron soon realised that Fichte was endowed with extraordinary intelligence and decided to sponsor his education, enabling him to study at the college of Schulpforta and lat...
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Title:On the Nature of the Scholar and its manifestationsFormat:HardcoverDimensions:280 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.75 inPublished:April 16, 2017Publisher:Whitelocke PublicationsLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:1912142090

ISBN - 13:9781912142095

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Table of Contents

Memoir of Fichte  

Lectures on the Nature of the Scholar

I. GENERAL PLAN
II.  FURTHER DEFINITION OP THE
 MEANING OF THE DIVINE IDEA
III.  OF THE PROGRESSIVE SCHOLAR IN
 GENERAL, AND IN PARTICULAR OF
 GENIUS AND INDUSTRY
IV.  OF INTEGRITY IN STUDY
V.  HOW THE INTEGRITY OF THE
 STUDENT SHOWS ITSELF
VI.  OF ACADEMICAL FREEDOM
VII.  OF THE FINISHED SCHOLAR
 IN GENERAL
VIII.  OF THE SCHOLAR AS RULER
IX.  OF THE SCHOLAR AS TEACHER
X.  OF THE SCHOLAR AS AUTHOR