On the Ocean: The Mediterranean and the Atlantic from prehistory to AD 1500 by Barry CunliffeOn the Ocean: The Mediterranean and the Atlantic from prehistory to AD 1500 by Barry Cunliffe

On the Ocean: The Mediterranean and the Atlantic from prehistory to AD 1500

byBarry Cunliffe

Hardcover | September 29, 2017

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For humans the sea is, and always has been, an alien environment. Ever moving and ever changing in mood, it is a place without time, in contrast to the land which is fixed and scarred by human activity giving it a visible history. While the land is familiar, even reassuring, the sea is unknownand threatening. By taking to the sea humans put themselves at its mercy. It has often been perceived to be an alien power teasing and cajoling. The sea may give but it takes.Why, then, did humans become seafarers? Part of the answer is that we are conditioned by our genetics to be acquisitive animals: we like to acquire rare materials and we are eager for esoteric knowledge, and society rewards us well for both. Looking out to sea most will be curious as to what is outthere - a mysterious island perhaps but what lies beyond? Our innate inquisitiveness drives us to explore.Barry Cunliffe looks at the development of seafaring on the Mediterranean and the Atlantic, two contrasting seas - the Mediterranean without a significant tide, enclosed and soon to become familiar, the Atlantic with its frightening tidal ranges, an ocean without end. We begin with the MiddlePalaeolithic hunter gatherers in the eastern Mediterranean building simple vessels to make their remarkable crossing to Crete and we end in the early years of the sixteenth century with sailors from Spain, Portugal and England establishing the limits of the ocean from Labrador to Patagonia. Themessage is that the contest between humans and the sea has been a driving force, perhaps the driving force, in human history.
Barry Cunliffe taught archaeology in the Universities of Bristol and Southampton and was Professor of European Archaeology at the University of Oxford from 1972 to 2008, thereafter becoming Emeritus Professor. He has excavated widely in Britain (Fishbourne, Bath, Danebury, Hengistbury Head, Brading) and in the Channel Islands, Brittany...
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Title:On the Ocean: The Mediterranean and the Atlantic from prehistory to AD 1500Format:HardcoverDimensions:592 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0 inPublished:September 29, 2017Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198757891

ISBN - 13:9780198757894

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Table of Contents

1. Those in Peril on the Sea2. The Combat that is called Navigation3. Taking to the Sea4. Two Seas, Many Responses: 5300-1200 B.C.5. The Eastern Mediterranean Cauldron: 5300-1200 B.C.6. Exploring the Ends of the World: 1200-600 B.C.7. Of Ships and Sails: a Technical Interlude8. Into the Outer Ocean: 600-100 B.C.9. The Atlantic Community: 100 B.C.-A.D. 50010. An End and a Beginning: A.D. 350-80011. The Age of the Northmen: A.D. 780-110012. The New European Order: A.D. 1100-140013. To the Other Side of the World: A.D. 1400-151014. Reflections on the OceanGuide to Further ReadingIllustration SourcesIndex