The twenty-first-century mind deeply distrusts the authority of institutions. It has taken several centuries for advocates of critical thinking to convince western culture that to be rational, liberated, authentic, and modern means to be anti-institutional. In this mold-breaking book, HughHeclo moves beyond the abstract academic realm of thinking about institutions to the more personal significance and larger social meaning of what it is to think institutionally. His account ranges from Michael Jordan's respect for the game of basketball to Greek philosophy, from twenty-first-century corporate and political scandals to Christian theology and the concept of office and professionalism. Think what you will about one institution or another, but after Heclo, noreader will be left in doubt about why it matters to think institutionally.What do these things have in common?* Financial failures like AIG and Enron * Barry Bonds's versus Cal Ripkin's approach to baseball * George Washington's troubles as commander of the revolutionary army * The scientific method * James Madison's criticisms of Thomas Jefferson's silly idea * Whistle-blowing on the FBI's mistakes leading up to 9/11 * Predicting whose marriag will and won't last * (All of these are examples used by Hugh Heclo to demonstrate what it means to think institutionally and why this matters to all of us).