Optically Anomalous Crystals by Alexander ShtukenbergOptically Anomalous Crystals by Alexander Shtukenberg

Optically Anomalous Crystals

byAlexander Shtukenberg, Yurii Punin, Bart Kahr

Hardcover | January 17, 2007

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Optically Anomalous Crystals begins with an historical introduction covering the contributions of Brewster, Biot, Mallard, Brauns, Tamman, and many other distinguished crystallographers. From this follows a tutorial in crystal optics. Further chapters discuss the two main mechanisms of optical dissymmetry: 1. the piezo-optic effect, and 2. the kinetic ordering of atoms. The text then tackles complex, inhomogeneous crystals, and the complex optical properties resulting from the superposition of anomalies having various etiologies. The book treats the literature comprehensively, but uses illustrations from the authors' laboratories as the subjects of detailed analyses.

This is an invaluable text for crystallographers, mineralogists, and petrologists interested in the growth of minerals and synthetic crystals, and their optical properties. It is also ideally suited to students of optical mineralogy, professional scientists and engineers as well as historians of science.

Alexander Shtukenbergwas born in St. Petersburg in 1971. He received his diploma in crystallography and mineralogy from the St. Petersburg State University in 1993, and his PhD in 1997. Following postdoctoral fellowships at the Mineralogy and Petrography Institute of the University of Bonn and at the Paul Drude Institute for Solid Stat...
Title:Optically Anomalous CrystalsFormat:HardcoverDimensions:277 pagesPublished:January 17, 2007Publisher:Springer-Verlag/Sci-Tech/TradeLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:1402052871

ISBN - 13:9781402052873

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Table of Contents

1. Crystal Optics 1.1. Introduction to Crystal Optics in Transmitted Light 1.1.1. Light in Isotropic Media 1.1.2. Light in Anisotropic Medium: Linear Birefringence 1.1.3. Symmetry of the Optical Indicatrix 1.1.4. Other Linear Optical Phenomena 1.1.5. Composition, Structure, and Optics 1.2. Characterizing the Optical Indicatrix 1.3. Definition of Optical Anomalies in Terms of the Indicatrix 1.4. Anomalies of Obvious Etiology 1.4.1. Gross Compositional Inhomogeneity 1.4.2. Macroscopic Deformations of Crystals 1.5. Abundance of Optical Anomalies 2. Stress Induced Optical Anomalies 2.1. Introduction 2.2. Phenomenological Description of Piezooptic Effects 2.2.1. Piezooptic and Elastooptic Coefficients 2.2.2. Piezooptic Phenomena in Amorphous Solids 2.2.3. Piezooptic Phenomenon in Cubic Crystals 2.2.4. Piezooptic Phenomenon in Uniaxial Crystals 2.2.5. The General Case 2.2.6. Example: Piezooptic Effect in PbMoO4 2.3. Numerical Estimations of Stress and Stress-Induced Optical Anomalies 2.4. Sources of Stress 2.5. Inclusions 2.6. Dislocations 2.6.1. Single Dislocations 2.6.2. Dislocation Ensembles 2.6.3. Macroblocks, Grain, and Twin Boundaries 2.7. Thermoelasticity and Thermoplasticity 2.8. Compositional Heterometry 2.8.1. What is Heterometry? 2.8.2. Zoning 2.8.3. Growth Sector Zoning 2.8.4. Sub-Sector Zoning 2.8.5. Effect of Growth Conditions on the Stress-Induced Optical Anomalies 3. Kinetic Ordering-Disordering 3.1. Introduction 3.1.1. Kinetic Ordering 3.1.2. Kinetic Disordering 3.2. Crystal Symmetry 3.2.1. The Neumann-Curie Principle 3.2.2. Application of Group Theory 3.3. Optical Inhomogeneity of Crystals 3.3.1. Sector Zoning 3.3.2. Sub-Sector Zoning 3.3.3. Sector Zoning vs Sub-Sector zoning 3.3.4. Concentric Zoning 3.3.5. Anomalous Progression of Anomalous Birefringence 3.4. Kinetic Ordering and Crystal Structure 3.4.1. Experimental Analyses 3.4.2. Desymmetrization by X-Ray Diffraction 3.4.3. Kinetic Ordering and the Optical Indicatrix 3.4.4. Kinetic Ordering and Anomalous Pleochroism 3.4.5. Metastability of Kinetic Ordering 3.4.6. Kinetic Ordering vs. Structure of the Growing Surface 3.4.7. Relaxation by Diffusion 3.5. Factors Affecting Growth Ordering 3.5.1. Crystal Composition 3.5.2. Composition of Growth Medium 3.5.3. Temperature and Pressure 3.5.4. Growth Rate 3.5.5. Hydrodynamics and Mass Transfer 4. Heterogeneous Crystals 4.1. Optics of Heterogeneous Crystals 4.2. Optically Homogeneous Systems 4.2.1. Inclusions 4.2.2. Optically Homogeneous Heterostructures 4.2.3. Heterostructures of Polytype Modifications 4.2.4. The Reverse Problem for the Polytype Intergrowths 4.2.5. Polysynthetic Twinning 4.2.6. Ex-Solution Structures 4.2.7. Syntaxy 4.2.8. Chaotic Misorientation of Components 4.3. Optically Heterogeneous Systems 4.3.1. Introduction 4.3.2. Isogyres 4.3.3. Isochromes 4.3.4. Modeling Distorted Conoscopic Figures 4.3.5. Calculation of the Distorted Conoscopic Figures: Some Examples 4.3.6. Distorted Conoscopic Figures as a Characteristic of Crystal Inhomogeneity 4.4. Heterogeneity at Different Length Scales 5. Superimposition of Optical Anomalies 5.1. General Remarks 5.2. Internal Stress 5.2.1. Composit

Editorial Reviews

From the reviews:"The present volume constitutes a comprehensive and detailed review of the current state of knowledge about anomalous crystals. . The text is illustrated by many figures and black-and-white photographs . . This book is well referenced . . this is an authoritative and insightful book on a fascinating book on a fascinating research topic. For the specialist, it is an invaluable work of reference and source of information and inspiration; those unfamiliar with this field will find stimulation and entertainment by browsing the book." (Pedro Cintas, Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 46 (32), 2007)