Optimality Theoretic Syntax, Semantics, and Pragmatics: From Uni- to Bidirectional Optimization

Hardcover | April 23, 2016

EditorGeraldine Legendre, Michael T. Putnam, Henriette de Swart

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This book investigates the morphosyntactic, semantic, and pragmatic properties of language, and the interactions between them, from the perspective of Optimality Theory. It integrates optimization processes into the formal and functional study of grammar, interpreting optimization as theresult of conflicting, violable ranked constraints.Unlike previous work on the topic, this book also takes into account the question of directionality of grammar. A model of grammar in which optimization processes interact bidirectionally allows both language generation-the process of selecting the optimal form of a given meaning-and languageinterpretation-the process of optimal interpretation of a given form-to be taken into account. Chapters in this volume explore the consequences of both symmetric (unidirectional) and asymmetric (bidirectional) versions of Optimality Theory, investigating the syntax-semantics interface, firstlanguage acquisition, and sequential bilingual grammars. The volume presents cutting edge research in Optimality-Theoretic syntax and semantics, as well as demonstrating how optimization processes as modelled in this formalism serve as a viable approach for linguists and scholars in related fields.

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This book investigates the morphosyntactic, semantic, and pragmatic properties of language, and the interactions between them, from the perspective of Optimality Theory. It integrates optimization processes into the formal and functional study of grammar, interpreting optimization as theresult of conflicting, violable ranked constraint...

Geraldine Legendre is Professor of Linguistics and Cognitive Science at Johns Hopkins University. She co-developed, with Paul Smolensky, the soft constraint-based precursor to Optimality Theory and has played a major role in the development of OT in syntax since the early 1990s, focussing particularly on comparative studies of phenomen...

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:384 pages, 9.21 × 6.14 × 0.1 inPublished:April 23, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198757115

ISBN - 13:9780198757115

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Table of Contents

1. Geraldine Legendre, Michael Putnam, Henriette de Swart, and Erin Zaroukian: IntroductionPART I: Issues in Optimality-Theoretic Syntax2. Marc van Oostendorp, Michael T. Putnam, and Laura Catherine Smith: Intersecting constraints: Why certain constraint-types overlap while others don't3. Ralf Vogel: Optimal constructions4. Fabian Heck and Gereon Muller: On accelerating and decelerating movement: From Minimalist preference principles to harmonic serialism5. Ellen Woolford: Two types of portmanteau agreement: Syntactic and morphological6. Hans Broekhuis: Feature inheritance versus extended projections7. Joshua Bousquette, Michael Putnam, Joseph Salmons, Ben Frey, and DRDaniel Nutzel: Multiple grammars, dominance, and optimizationPART II: Issues in Optimality-Theoretic Semantics and Pragmatics8. Sander Lestrade, Geertje van Bergen, Peter de Swart: On the origin of constraints9. Lotte Hogeweg: Optimality Theory and lexical interpretation and selection10. Jet Hoek and Helen de Hoop: On the optimal interpretation of yes and no in Dutch11. Henriette de Swart: Telicity features of bare nominals12. Geraldine Legendre, Paul Smolensky, and Jennifer Culbertson: Blocking effects at the lexicon/semantics interface and Bidirectional Optimization in French13. Petra Hendriks: Unfaithful conduct: A competence-based explanation of asymmetries between production and comprehensionReferencesIndex