Orangutans: Geographic Variation in Behavioral Ecology and Conservation

Paperback | February 15, 2010

EditorSerge A. Wich, S. Suci Utami Atmoko, Tatang Mitra Setia

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This book describes one of our closest relatives, the orangutan, and the only extant great ape in Asia. It is increasingly clear that orangutan populations show extensive variation in behavioural ecology, morphology, life history, and genes. Indeed, on the strength of the latest genetic andmorphological evidence, it has been proposed that orangutans actually constitute two species which diverged more than a million years ago - one on the island of Sumatra the other on Borneo, with the latter comprising three subspecies. This book has two main aims. The first is to carefully compare data from every orangutan research site, examining the differences and similarities between orangutan species, subspecies, and populations. The second is to develop a theoretical framework in which these differences and similarities canbe explained. To achieve these goals the editors have assembled the world's leading orangutan experts to rigorously synthesize and compare the data, quantify the similarities or differences, and seek to explain them. Orangutans is the first synthesis of orangutan biology to adopt this novel, comparative approach. It analyses and compares the latest data, developing a theoretical framework to explain morphological, life history, and behavioural variation. Intriguingly, not all behavioural differences can beattributed to ecological variation between and within the two islands; relative rates of social learning also appear to have been influential. The book also emphasizes the crucial impact of human settlement on orangutans and looks ahead to the future prospects for the survival of criticallyendangered natural populations.

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This book describes one of our closest relatives, the orangutan, and the only extant great ape in Asia. It is increasingly clear that orangutan populations show extensive variation in behavioural ecology, morphology, life history, and genes. Indeed, on the strength of the latest genetic andmorphological evidence, it has been proposed t...

Serge Wich received his MSc in animal behaviour in 1995 at Utrecht University (the Netherlands) for which he conducted a study on food competition in wild Sumatran orangutans. In 2002, he received his PhD from the same university for a study on the structure and function of male Thomas langur long-distance vocalizations.In 2003, he st...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:440 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.07 inPublished:February 15, 2010Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:019958415X

ISBN - 13:9780199584154

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Table of Contents

Serge A. Wich, S. Suci Utami Atmoko, Tatang Mitra Setia, and Carel P. van Schaik: Preface1. Benoit Goossens et al: Taxonomy, geographic variation and population genetics of Bornean and Sumatran orangutans2. Andrea B. Taylor: The functional significance of variation in jaw form in orangutans: The African apes as an ecogeographic model3. Suzannah K. S. Thorpe and Robin H. Crompton: Orangutan positional behavior: inter-specific variation and ecological correlates4. Madeleine E. Hardus et al: A description of the orangutan's vocal and sound repertoire, with a focus on geographic variation5. Serge A. Wich et al: Orangutan life history variation6. Simon J. Husson et al: Orangutan distribution, density, abundance and impacts of disturbance7. Andrew J. Marshall et al: The effects of forest phenology and floristics on populations of Bornean and Sumatran orangutans: are Sumatran forests better orangutan habitat than Bornean forests?8. Helen C. Morrogh-Bernard et al: Orangutan activity budgets and diet: A comparison between species, populations and habitats9. Anne E. Russon et al: Geographic variation in orangutan diets10. Ivona Foitova et al: Parasites and their impacts on orangutan health11. Cheryl D. Knott et al: The ecology of female reproduction in wild orangutans12. Maria A. van Noordwijk et al: Development of independence: Sumatran and Bornean orangutans compared13. Ian Singleton et al: Ranging behavior of orangutan females and social organization14. Roberto A. Delgado et al: Geographical variation in orangutan long calls15. S Suci Utami Atmoko et al: Male-male relationships in orangutans16. S. Suci Utami Atmoko et al: Orangutan mating behavior and strategies17. Tatang Mitra Setia et al: Social organization and male-female relationships18. Carel P. van Schaik et al: Ecological sex differences in wild orangutans19. Didik Prasetyo et al: Nest building in orangutans20. Anne E. Russon et al: Innovation and intelligence in orangutans21. Carel P. van Schaik et al: Orangutan cultures revisited22. Andrew J. Marshall et al: Orangutan population biology, life history, and conservation: Perspectives from PVA models23. Anne E. Russon: Orangutan rehabilitation and reintroduction: Successes, failures, and role in conservation24. Carel P. van Schaik, Andrew J. Marshall, and Serge A. Wich: Geographic variation in orangutan behavior and biology: its functional interpretation and its mechanistic basisReferencesIndex