Ore Elements in Arc Lavas

Hardcover | July 1, 1989

byR. L. Stanton

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Most of the world's great volcanic massive sulphide ore deposits, most of its porphyry copper ores, and many of its richest gold deposits occur in association with basalt-andesite-dactite-rhyolite laval suites that have been erupted from the volcanoes of ancient volcanic island arcs and theirPrecambrian equivalents. The volcanic arc and related aquatic-volcanic environments are now recognized as critical to an understanding of the evolution of the earth's crust, to the unravelling of the petrogenesis of many important ore types, and to the planning of much mineral exploration. This book is concerned with the behaviour of the `ore elements' - copper, zinc, lead, cobalt, nickel, barium, and other - in young, unmetamorphosed volcanic arc suites ranging from high-magnesium basalts to dactites and rhyolites. Using principally the Late Tertiary to Recent lavas of the SolomonIslands Younger Volcanic Suite, the author considers the patterns of abundance of these elements both in the `whole rocks' and their constituent minerals, and the way in which the metals may be enriched or impoverished in the residual melt as an arc lava series evolves from basalt torhyolite.

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Most of the world's great volcanic massive sulphide ore deposits, most of its porphyry copper ores, and many of its richest gold deposits occur in association with basalt-andesite-dactite-rhyolite laval suites that have been erupted from the volcanoes of ancient volcanic island arcs and theirPrecambrian equivalents. The volcanic arc a...

R. L. Stanton is at University of New England, Armidale, New South Wales.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:404 pages, 9.65 × 7.28 × 1.06 inPublished:July 1, 1989Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0198540507

ISBN - 13:9780198540502

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Table of Contents

1. Introduction2. Volcanic rocks and exhalative ores: the general nature of the ores and their environments3. Historical: development of ideas on the origin of exhalative ores4. Derivation of the exhalations5. Petrology of the Solomon Islands Younger Volcanic Suite6. Copper7. Zinc8. Lead9. Barium10. Strontium11. Phosphorus12. Calcium13. Titanium14. Vanadium15. Chromium16. Manganese17. Iron18. Cobalt19. Nickel20. Sundry elements21. Abundance patterns in the crystallizing melt22. The ore elements in volcanic exhalations23. Petrogenesis 1: The lavas24. Petrogenesis 2: Exhalative oresEpilogueBibliographyIndex

Editorial Reviews

`The discussion is inspiring because it raises problems to be investigated and stimulating as it presents intriguing questions still to be resolved. This work is a very personal view of ores and arc magmatism but it is clearly based on a long and active career in the subject combined with aperceptive depth of thought based on a wide range of knowledge and research experience.'Mineralium Deposita