Organism and Environment as Illustrated by the Physiology of Breathing

Paperback | January 31, 2012

byJohn Scott Haldane

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1917. Excerpt: ... garded as biological phenomena. But the higher organisms, at any rate, are also centres of knowledge and volition. It is unmeaning to treat consciousness as a mere accompaniment of life, or to ignore the differences between blind organic activity, and rational behaviour. Conscious personality is far more than mere organism, and the conception of life is just as inadequate in connection with personality as the conceptions of matter and energy in connection with life. It is not the time and place to recapitulate the reasoning which leads to this conclusion; but we may, perhaps, ask why, if the reasoning is correct, there is still a place for human physiology as distinguished from psychology. The practical reason is that although a man is a person and not a mere organism, we cannot trace personality throughout all, or nearly all, of what we observe in a man. To interpret the details as best we can, we have to fall back on the conception of life in the biological sense, just as in details of what we observe in connection with living organisms we have to fall back on ordinary physical and chemical interpretations. Though we know that these interpretations on a lower plane of knowledge can only be provisional, yet we should be very helpless in practical life without them. Their practical value is unmistakable, and we cannot dispense with them. On this view the conflicts between materialism and spiritualism, realism and idealism, science and philosophy, are only apparent. Tri establishing the Silliman Lectures, the Founders, although they left complete freedom to lecturers to treat their subjects as they thought fit, expressed the wish that the courses should have reference to "the presence of God in the natural and moral world." It is with hesitation that I ven...

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1917. Excerpt: ... garded as biological phenomena. But the higher organisms, at any rate, are also centres of knowledge and volition. It is unmea...

Format:PaperbackDimensions:38 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.08 inPublished:January 31, 2012Publisher:General Books LLCLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0217264166

ISBN - 13:9780217264167

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