Orientation And Judgment In Hermeneutics

Hardcover | May 4, 2015

byRudolf A. Makkreel

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This book provides an innovative approach to meeting the challenges faced by philosophical hermeneutics in interpreting an ever-changing and multicultural world. Rudolf A. Makkreel proposes an orientational and reflective conception of interpretation in which judgment plays a central role. Moving beyond the dialogical approaches found in much of contemporary hermeneutics, he focuses instead on the diagnostic use of reflective judgment, not only to discern the differentiating features of the phenomena to be understood, but also to orient  us to the various meaning contexts that can frame their interpretation.
           
Makkreel develops overlooked resources of Kant’s transcendental thought in order to reconceive hermeneutics as a critical inquiry into the appropriate contextual conditions of understanding and interpretation. He shows that a crucial task of hermeneutical critique is to establish priorities among the contexts that may be brought to bear on the interpretation of history and culture. The final chapter turns to the contemporary art scene and explores how orientational contexts can be reconfigured to respond to the ways in which media of communication are being transformed by digital technology. Altogether, Makkreel offers a promising way of thinking about the shifting contexts that we bring to bear on interpretations of all kinds, whether of texts, art works, or the world. 

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This book provides an innovative approach to meeting the challenges faced by philosophical hermeneutics in interpreting an ever-changing and multicultural world. Rudolf A. Makkreel proposes an orientational and reflective conception of interpretation in which judgment plays a central role. Moving beyond the dialogical approaches found ...

Rudolf A. Makkreel is the Charles Howard Candler Professor Emeritus of Philosophy at Emory University. He is the author of Dilthey: Philosopher of the Human Studies and Imagination and Interpretation in Kant, the latter published by the University of Chicago Press, and coeditor of Dilthey’s Selected Works. 

other books by Rudolf A. Makkreel

Hermeneutics and the Study of History: Selected Works
Hermeneutics and the Study of History: Selected Works

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:248 pages, 9 × 6 × 1.1 inPublished:May 4, 2015Publisher:University Of Chicago PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:022624931X

ISBN - 13:9780226249315

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Table of Contents

Preface
Introduction

Part One: The Hermeneutic Situation

Chapter 1 Philosophical Hermeneutics: Reassessing the Tradition in Relation to Dilthey and Heidegger
The Interrelations of Hermeneutics and Philosophy in the Tradition
The Extent to Which Dilthey’s Hermeneutics Relates to the Cognitive Aims of the Human Sciences
Moving from Conceptual Cognition to Reflective Knowledge
Heidegger’s Ontological Hermeneutics
Ontico-Ontological Understanding of Historical Time

Chapter 2 Dialectics, Dialogue, and Communication
Feeling, Aesthetic Erlebnis, and Artistic Erfahrung
Hegel on Interpretation and Dialectics
Gadamer on Interpretation and Dialogue

Part Two: Interpretive Contexts, Judgment, and Critique

Chapter 3 Reflective Orientation and the Bounds of Hermeneutics
Royce: Cognitive Exchange and Communal Conspectus
Reflective Judgment and Orientation
Kant’s Transcendental Topic
Reflective Topology and Judgmental Contexts
Philosophy and the Reflective Specification of Bounds
An Amphiboly of Reflective Orientation
Worldly Orientation

Chapter 4 The Hermeneutics of Attaining Knowledge: The Role of Judgmental Assent
From Conceptual Classification to Judgmental Articulation
Interpreting as Cognizing Meaning and Knowing Truth
Kant on Opining, Believing, and Knowing
Preliminary Judgments and the Provisionality of Reflective Judgments

Chapter 5 Aesthetic Consensus and Evaluative Consent
Levels of Aesthetic Consensus in Kant
Reflective Schematization and Contextual Configuration
Exemplarity and Emulation
Typification and the Intuitive Presentation of Meaning

Chapter 6 Validity, Legitimacy, and Historical Attribution
Knowledge and Legitimacy
Hermeneutics and Adjudication
Ascriptive and Attributive Modes of Imputation
The Legitimacy of Interpretations
Authentic Interpretation and Intersubjective Legitimacy
Pragmatic Characterization
Conscientiousness and Truthful Interpretation

Chapter 7 A Reflective and Diagnostic Critique
Critique as Constitutive and Categorial
Critique as Regulative and Emancipatory
Critique as Reflective and Judgment-Centered
From Reflection to Reflexivity
A Responsive Hermeneutics and a Transformative Critique
Completeness in Critical Hermeneutics

Part Three: Applications and Adaptations

Chapter 8 Genealogy, Narrative History, and Hermeneutic Transmission
Nietzsche’s Challenge to the Objectivity of Historical Interpretation
Narrative Approaches to History
Incommensurable Contexts and the Possibility of Universalist History
Delimiting the Appeal to Causes in Historical Interpretation
Causes and Influences
Intentionalist Explanation and Hermeneutical Contextualization
Normative Judgment or Normalizing Genealogy
Hermeneutics and Historical Transmission

Chapter 9 Contextualizing the Arts: From Originating to Medial Contexts
Meier on Representational Signs and Their Intentional Context
Kant and Expressing What Was Inexpressible
Dilthey on Manifestations of Life and Their Interpretive Contexts
The Earth-World Conflict in Heidegger’s “The Origin of the Work of Art”
The Medial Contexts of Works of Art
The Medial Presentation of the Commonplace in Contemporary Art
Transitional Modes of Understanding

Bibliography
Index


Editorial Reviews

Orientation and Judgment in Hermeneutics is a momentous and significant book, not only for the philosophical discipline of hermeneutics but also, because of its impeccable clarity, for a much larger audience. It is, above all, a synthetic work, Makkreel’s own original contribution to hermeneutics in the global world of the twenty-first century.”