Our Field and Forest Trees by Maud GoingOur Field and Forest Trees by Maud Going

Our Field and Forest Trees

byMaud Going

Paperback | February 1, 2012

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This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1916. Excerpt: ... CHAPTER XIX THE MURMURING PINES AND THEIR KINDRED T7HEN the new-born pine tree casts off its ' seed-coats and lifts its head into the sunshine, we see at once that its ways are not the ways of the oaks and maples. All the broad-leaved trees except the palms begin life with two cotyledons. Sometimes these are so heavy that the stalk is unable to lift them up, and they remain lying in the mold. But there are two cotyledons always, whether the sprouting tree is coming from an acorn, apple pip, hickory nut, or maple seed. The sprouting yew, like the baby maple, appears above ground with two seed-leaves, and so do the seedling juniper, cedar, and arbor vitas. But most of the pine tree's kindred have their own way of doing things from start to finish. A pine begins life with a circle of cotyledons, all springing from the top of a slender stalk, and standing out like the spokes of a wheel (Fig. 52). Thus at the outset it shows that it is not related to the oaks and maples. It belongs to a family which must be mentioned with due ceremony. Fig. 52. A seedling pine. The pine, hemlock, fir, spruce, larch (or tamarack), cedar, cypress, arbor vitae, and yew are all called " Gymnosperms." There is no easy word which describes and includes them all. "Cone-bearers " will not do, for cedars and junipers bear berries (Fig. 53), and yews have juicy scarlet fruits. "Evergreens" will not do, for the larch and the cypress drop their leaves each autumn, just as the maples do. "Needle-leaved trees" will not do, for the boughs of the cedar, juniper, and arbor vitae are clothed, not with needles, but with scales. We will have to be technical for once, and say that the wheel of needleleaves growing atop of the seedling pine tree shows that this Fig. 53. Spray and berries of the red...
Title:Our Field and Forest TreesFormat:PaperbackDimensions:48 pages, 9.69 × 7.44 × 0.1 inPublished:February 1, 2012Publisher:General Books LLCLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0217243843

ISBN - 13:9780217243841