Out in the Periphery: Latin America's Gay Rights Revolution by Omar G. EncarnacionOut in the Periphery: Latin America's Gay Rights Revolution by Omar G. Encarnacion

Out in the Periphery: Latin America's Gay Rights Revolution

byOmar G. Encarnacion

Paperback | February 15, 2016

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Known around the world as a bastion of Catholicism and machismo, Latin America has emerged in recent years as the undisputed gay rights leader of the Global South. Even more surprising is that several Latin American nations have surpassed many developed nations, including the United States, inlegislating equality for the LGBT community. So how did this dramatic and unexpected expansion of gay rights come about? And why are Latin American nations diverging in their embrace of gay rights, a point highlighted by the paradoxical experiences of Argentina and Brazil? Argentina, a country witha dark history of repression of homosexuality, legalized same-sex marriage in 2010, a first for a Latin American nation; and since then it has enacted laws to ensure transgender equality, to abolish "ex-gay reparative therapy," and to provide reproductive assistance to same-sex couples. By contrast,Brazil, a country famous for celebrating sexual diversity, proved incapable of legalizing same-sex marriage via the legislature, leaving the job to the courts; and Brazilian anti-gay discrimination laws are among the weakest in Latin America. In Out in the Periphery, Omar G. Encarnacion breaks away from the conventional narrative of Latin America's embrace of gay rights as a by-product of the global spread of gay rights from the developed West. Instead, Encarnacion aims to "decenter" gay rights politics. His intention is not todemonstrate how the "local" has trumped the "global" in Latin America but rather to suggest how domestic and international politics interacted to make Latin America one of the world's most receptive environments for gay rights. Economic and political modernization, constitutional and judicialreforms, and the rise of socially liberal governments have all contributed to this receptivity. But the most decisive factor was the skill of local activists in crafting highly effective gay rights campaigns. Inspired by external events and trends, but firmly grounded in local politics andrealities, these campaigns succeeded in bringing radical change to the law with respect to homosexuality and, in some cases, as in Argentina, in transforming society and the culture at large.
Omar G. Encarnacion is Professor of Political Studies at Bard College.
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Title:Out in the Periphery: Latin America's Gay Rights RevolutionFormat:PaperbackDimensions:256 pages, 9.21 × 6.1 × 0.79 inPublished:February 15, 2016Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199356653

ISBN - 13:9780199356652

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Table of Contents

IntroductionPart I: Decentering Gay Rights1. Latin America through Transnational Lenses2. Domestic Change and External Gay Rights ReceptivityPart II: The Puzzle of Argentina3. Re-inventing Latin America's Oldest Gay Rights Movement4. Human Rights and the Framing of the Campaign for Gay RightsPart III: Comparative Perspectives5. Gay Rights and the Paradox of Brazil6. Insights from the RevolutionNotesIndex

Editorial Reviews

"Omar Encarnacion's insightful and original research makes a sustained contribution in foregrounding Latin American LGBT politics within a framework that marries comparative and international analysis. This text centers the ways in which domestic movements have engaged with and interpretedinternational influences in order to advance their agendas in their own contexts." --Elisabeth Jay Friedman, Professor of Politics and Latin American Studies, University of San Francisco