Outsider Scientists: Routes To Innovation In Biology by Oren Harman

Outsider Scientists: Routes To Innovation In Biology

EditorOren Harman, Michael R. Dietrich

Paperback | December 11, 2013

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Outsider Scientists describes the transformative role played by “outsiders” in the growth of the modern life sciences. Biology, which occupies a special place between the exact and human sciences, has historically attracted many thinkers whose primary training was in other fields: mathematics, physics, chemistry, linguistics, philosophy, history, anthropology, engineering, and even literature. These outsiders brought with them ideas and tools that were foreign to biology, but which, when applied to biological problems, helped to bring about dramatic, and often surprising, breakthroughs.
           
This volume brings together eighteen thought-provoking biographical essays of some of the most remarkable outsiders of the modern era, each written by an authority in the respective field. From Noam Chomsky using linguistics to answer questions about brain architecture, to Erwin Schrödinger contemplating DNA as a physicist would, to Drew Endy tinkering with Biobricks to create new forms of synthetic life, the outsiders featured here make clear just how much there is to gain from disrespecting conventional boundaries. Innovation, it turns out, often relies on importing new ideas from other fields. Without its outsiders, modern biology would hardly be recognizable.

About The Author

Oren Harman is the chair of the Graduate Program in Science, Technology, and Society at Bar-Ilan University, Ramat Gan, Israel, and the author of The Man Who Invented the Chromosome and The Price of Altruism. He lives in Tel Aviv, Israel. Michael R. Dietrich is professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Dartmouth College and...
Outsider Scientists: Routes to Innovation in Biology
Outsider Scientists: Routes to Innovation in Biology

by Oren Harman

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Title:Outsider Scientists: Routes To Innovation In BiologyFormat:PaperbackDimensions:392 pages, 9 × 6 × 1.3 inPublished:December 11, 2013Publisher:University Of Chicago PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:022607840X

ISBN - 13:9780226078403

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Table of Contents

Preface
Acknowledgments

Introduction: Outsiders as Innovators in the Life Sciences
Oren Harman and Michael R. Dietrich

I Outsiders Before the Inside

1 The Many Sides of Gregor Mendel
Sander Gliboff

2 Louis Pasteur: The Chemist in the Clinic
Jonathan Simon

3 Félix d’Herelle: Uncompromising Autodidact
William C. Summers

4 The Paradox of Samuel Butler: Insider or Outsider?
Michael Ruse

II Outsiders from the Physical Sciences

5 Erwin Schrödinger’s Excursus on Genetics
Sahotra Sarkar

6 Linus Pauling: Leading Exporter of Chemical Insights into Biology
Gregory J. Morgan

7 From Bomb to Bank: Walter Goad and the Introduction of Computers into Biology
Hallam Stevens

III Outsiders from Mathematics

8 R. A. Fisher and the Foundations of Statistical Biology
Michael R. Dietrich and Robert A. Skipper, Jr.

9 Nicolas Rashevsky’s Pencil- and- Paper Biology
Maya M. Shmailov

10 Searching for Patterns, Hunting for Causes: Robert MacArthur, the Mathematical Naturalist
Jay Odenbaugh

IV Outsiders from the Human Sciences

11 Noam Chomsky and the Biology of Language
W. Tecumseh Fitch

12 Dunking the Tarzanists: Elaine Morgan and the Aquatic Ape Theory
Erika Lorraine Milam

13 David Hull’s Philosophical Contribution to Biology
T. J. Horder

V Insider-Outsiders

14 Ilya Metchnikoff: From Evolutionist to Immunologist, and Back Again
Alfred I. Tauber

15 François Jacob: Tinkering with Organisms and Models
Michel Morange

VI Outsiders from Informatics

16 Theoreticians as Professional Outsiders: The Modeling Strategies of John von Neumann and Norbert Wiener
Ehud Lamm

17 On the Importance of the Parvenu: The Amazing Case of George Price in Evolutionary Biology
Oren Harman

18 Outsiders and In- Laws: Drew Endy and the Case of Synthetic Biology
Luis Campos

Epilogue: The Problem with Boxes
Richard C. Lewontin

List of Contributors
Index

Editorial Reviews

"Outsider Scientists is a pleasure to read and would be an excellent companion volume for an interdisciplinary class in history or philosophy of biology, science studies, or, indeed, an introductory course in the biological sciences. The contributors are outstanding, and the quality of the historical scholarship, as well as the writing, is consistently high. This volume is a great boon to teachers of science, as well as history and philosophy of science. I highly recommend to all students of biology and its history."