Oxford Applied Linguistics: Linguistic Imperialism

Paperback | April 1, 1992

byRobert Phillipson

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This book explores the contemporary phenomenon of English as an international language, and sets out to analyse how and why the language has become so dominant. It looks at the spread of English historically, at the role it plays in Third World countries, and at the ideologies transmittedthrough the English language.

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This book explores the contemporary phenomenon of English as an international language, and sets out to analyse how and why the language has become so dominant. It looks at the spread of English historically, at the role it plays in Third World countries, and at the ideologies transmittedthrough the English language.

Robert Phillipson is a Professor of English in the Copenhagen Business School. His main research interests include the role of English worldwide, language policy and multilingualism in the European Union. Robert has written and edited books on language policy, language learning, and language rights.

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:374 pages, 8.5 × 5.43 × 0.87 inPublished:April 1, 1992Publisher:Oxford University Press

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0194371468

ISBN - 13:9780194371469

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Table of Contents

Acknowledgements1. ELT: Taking stock of a world commodityThe aims of this bookEnglish for all?Professional and ethical aspects of ELT 'aid'Notes2. English, the dominant languageEnglish in core English-speaking countriesEnglish in periphery-English countriesLanguage promotionOpposition to the dominance of EnglishNotes3. Linguistic imperialism: theoretical foundationsA cautionary word on terminologyA working definition of English linguistic imperialismLinguistic imperialism and linguicismCultural imperialism in science, the media, and educationThe State, hegemony, and ELTNotes4. Earlier work relevant to linguistic imperialismLanguage spreadThe sociology of languageLanguage planningTheoretical models of language teaching and learningLinguistic human rightsTwo approaches, Wardhaugh and CalvetNotes5. The colonial linguistic inheritanceTheir masters' languageColonial educational language policy and practiceThe importance of English as a colonial inheritanceNotes6. British and American promotion of EnglishThe origins and structure of the British CouncilThe British strategy for expanding ELTAmerican promotion of EnglishAnglo-American collaborationNotes7. Creating a profession: the structure and tenets of ELTCreating a British academic base for ELTELT and educational language planning for under-developed countriesTenet one: English is best taught monolinguallyTenet two: the ideal teacher of English is a native speakerTenet three: the earlier English is taught, the better the resultsTenet four: the more English is taught, the better the resultsTenet five: if other languages are used much, standards of English will dropConclusions: the legacy of MakerereNotes8. English language teaching in actionELT researchELT in 'aid' to education- The overall context of ELT 'aid'- EFL, ESL or ... ?- Principles for the analysis of ELT in 'aid'- Postulate 1: political disconnection- Postulate 2: narrowly technical training- English for special and new purposesNotes9. Arguments in linguistic imperialist discourseTypes of argument and types of powerEnglish-intrinsic argumentsEnglish-extrinsic argumentsEnglish-functional argumentsThe means used to exert linguistic powerArguments in language planning for NamibiaNotes10. Linguistic imperialism and ELTELT: master-minded?On the force of the evidenceStudying ELT and imperialismNotesbr / Bibliography Index

Editorial Reviews

'This is an important, groundbreaking study of the political background and impact of the spread of English. Congratulations are due to Phillipson for having taken on this task ... Phillipson has tackled a topic of major proportion and his work shows his wide reading of a large number ofinteresting sources ... He has drawn attention dramatically to important issues that have so far been mainly ignored and that cry out for continued investigation, and his book should be required reading for all concerned with the development and implementation of language policy.' - Journal ofPragmatics (12/02/1996)