Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics

Paperback | March 8, 2013

EditorJudy Illes, Barbara J. Sahakian

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The past two decades have seen unparalleled developments in our knowledge of the brain and mind. However, these advances have forced us to confront head-on some significant ethical issues regarding our application of this information in the real world - whether using brain images to establishguilt within a court of law, or developing drugs to enhance cognition.Historically, any consideration of the ethical, legal, and social implications of emerging technologies in science and medicine has lagged behind the discovery of the technology itself. These delays have caused problems in the acceptability and potential applications of biomedical advances and posedsignificant problems for the scientific community and the public alike - for example in the case of genetic screening and human cloning. The field of Neuroethics aims to proactively anticipate ethical, legal and social issues at the intersection of neuroscience and ethics, raising questions aboutwhat the brain tells us about ourselves, whether the information is what people want or ought to know, and how best to communicate it.A landmark in the academic literature, the Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics presents a pioneering review of a topic central to the sciences and humanities. It presents a range of chapters considering key issues, discussion, and debate at the intersection of brain and ethics. The handbook contains morethan 50 chapters by leaders from around the world and a broad range of sectors of academia and clinical practice spanning the neurosciences, medical sciences and humanities and law. The book focuses on and provides a platform for dialogue of what neuroscience can do, what we might expectneuroscience will do, and what neuroscience ought to do. The major themes include: consciousness and intention; responsibility and determinism; mind and body; neurotechnology; ageing and dementia; law and public policy; and science, society and international perspectives. Tackling some of the most significant ethical issues that face us now and will continue to do so over the coming decades, the Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics will be an essential resource for the field of neuroethics for graduate students and postdoctoral fellows, basic scientists in theneurosciences and psychology, scholars in humanities and law, as well as physicians practising in the areas of primary care in neurological medicine.

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The past two decades have seen unparalleled developments in our knowledge of the brain and mind. However, these advances have forced us to confront head-on some significant ethical issues regarding our application of this information in the real world - whether using brain images to establishguilt within a court of law, or developing d...

Dr. Illes is Professor of Neurology and Canada Research Chair in Neuroethics at the University of British Columbia. She is Director of the National Core for Neuroethics at UBC, and faculty in the Brain Research Centre at UBC and the Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute. She also holds affiliate appointments in the School of Pop...

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Format:PaperbackDimensions:920 pages, 9.69 × 6.73 × 0.68 inPublished:March 8, 2013Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199680639

ISBN - 13:9780199680634

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Table of Contents

Judy Illes and Barbara J. Sahakian: PrefaceAlan I. Leshner: ForewordConsciousness and Intention: Decoding Mental States and Decision MakingJohn Dylan-Haynes: Brain Reading: Decoding Mental States from Brain Activity in HumansMorten Kringelbach and Kent C. Berridge: The Neurobiology of Pleasure and HappinessChristopher Suhler and Patricia Churchland: The Neurobiological Basis of MoralityMonica Luciana: Development of the Adolescent Brain: Neuroethical Implications for the Understanding of Executive Function and Social CognitionMario Beauregard: Neural Foundations to Conscious and Volitional Control of Emotional Behaviour: A Mentalistic PerspectiveGeorgio Ganis and J. Peter Rosenfeld: Neural Correlates of DeceptionCamile Chatelle and Steven Laureys: Understanding Disorders of ConsciousnessAdrian M. Owen: Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging, Covert Awareness, and Brain InjuryResponsibility and DeterminismBernard Baertschi and Alexandre Mauron: Genetic Determinism, Neuronal Determinism, and Determinism Tout CourtPeter B. Reiner: The Rise of NeuroessentialismMartina Reske and Martin P. Paulus: A Neuroscientific Approach to Addiction: Ethical ConcernsSteven E. Hyman: The Neurobiology of Addiction: Implications for Voluntary Control of BehaviourPatrick Haggard: Neuroethics of Free WillMind and BodySharon Morein-Zamir and Barbara J. Sahakian: Pharmaceutical Cognitive EnhancementElisabeth Hildt and Thomas Metzinger: Cognitive EnhancementJohn Harris: Chemical Cognitive Enhancement: Is it Unfair, Unjust, Discriminatory or Cheating for Healthy Adults to Use Smart Drugs?Anders Sandberg, Walter Sinnott-Armstrong, and Julian Savulescu: Cognitive Enhancement in CourtsNeil Levy: Neuroethics and the Extended MindHerve Chneiweiss: Does Cognitive Enhancement Fit with the Physiology of our Cognition?James M. Swanson, Timothy Wigal, Kimberley Lakes, and Nora D. Volkow: ADHD: Defining a Spectrum Disorder and Considering Neuroethical ImplicationsNeurotechnologyRuth Fischbach and Janet Mindes: Why Neuroethicists are NeededCarole Federico, Sofia Lombera, and Judy Illes: Intersecting Complexities in Neuroimaging and NeuroethicsMichael R. Hadskis and MatthiasH. Schmidt: Pediatric Neuroimaging ResearchNir Lipsman and Mark Bernstein: Ethical Issues in Functional Neurosurgery: Emerging Applications and ControversiesAlvaro Pascual-Leone, Felipe Fregni, and Megan S. Steven, and Lachlan Forrow: Noninvasive Brain Stimulation as a Therapeutic and Investigative Tool: An Ethical AppraisalDebra J.H. Matthews, Peter V. Rabins, and Ben D. Greenberg: DBS for Treatment-Resistant Neuropsychiatric DisordersRoger A. Barker and Alisdair Coles: The Ethical Issues of Trials of Neural Grafting in Patients with Neurodegenerative ConditionsGeorge Khushf: The Ethics of Nano/Neuro ConvergenceAging and DementiaKarima Kahlaoui, Maximiliano Wilson, Ana Ines Ansaldo, Bernadette Ska, and Yves Joanette: Neurobiological and Neuroethical Perspectives on the Contribution of Functional Neuroimaging to the Study of Aging in the BrainSamia Hurst: Clinical Research on Conditions Affecting Cognitive CapacityGing-Yuek Robin Hsiung: Ethical Concerns and Pitfalls in Neurogenetic TestingMarilyn S. Albert and Guy M. McKhann: Neuroethical Issues in Early Detection of Alzheimer's DiseaseJerry Samet and Yaakov Stern: The Neuroethics of Cognitive ReserveSilke Appel-Cresswell and A. Jon Stoessl: Ethical Issues in the Management of Parkinson's DiseaseAdrian J. Ivinson: The Other Ethical Challenge of Neurodegenerative DiseasesJulian C. Hughes: Future Scoping: Ethical Issues in Ageing and DementiaLaw and Public PolicySusan M. Wolf: Incidental Findings in Neuroscience Research: A Fundamental Challenge to the Structure of Bioethics and Health LawEmily R. Murphy and Henry T. Greely: What Will Be the Limits of Neuroscience-Based Mindreading in the Law?Joshua Greene and Jonathan Cohen: For the Law, Neuroscience Changes Nothing and EverythingTeneille R. Brown and Jennifer B. McCormick: New Directions in Neuroscience PolicyStacey A. Tovino: Women's NeuroethicsAmy Zarzeczny and Timothy Caulfield: Public Representations of NeurogeneticsJonathan D. Moreno: Brain Trust: Neuroscience and National Security in the Twenty-First CenturyScience, Society, and International PerspectivesBruce E. Wexler: Neuroplasticity, Culture and SocietyMartha J. Farah: Neuroscience and Neuroethics in the 21st CenturyEric Racine: Neuroscience and the Media: Ethical Challenges and OpportunitiesZachary Stein, Bruno della Chiesa, Christina Hinton, and Kurt W. Fischer: Ethical Issues in Educational Neuroscience: Raising Children in a Brave New WorldDaofen Chen and Remi Quirion: From the Internationalization to the Globalization of Neuroethics: Some Perspectives and ChallengesJessica Evert, Robert Huish, Gary Heit, Evaleen Jones, Scott Loeliger, and Steve Schmidbauer: Global Health EthicsCraig van Dyke: Ethical Perspectives: Clinical Drug Trials in Developing CountriesKate Tairyan and Erica Frank: Learning about Neuroethics Through Health Sciences Online: A Model for Global DisseminationJoseph J. Fins: Epilogue: Neuroethics and the Lure of Technology