Oxford Introduction to Language Study: Language Testing

Paperback | March 1, 1999

byTim McNamaraEditorH. G. Widdowson

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This accessible book examines issues such as test design, the rating process, validity, measurement, and the social dimension of language testing. It looks at both traditional and newer forms of language assessment, and the challenges posed by new views.

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This accessible book examines issues such as test design, the rating process, validity, measurement, and the social dimension of language testing. It looks at both traditional and newer forms of language assessment, and the challenges posed by new views.

Professor Henry Widdowson is Emeritus Professor of Education, University of London, and has also been Professor of Applied Linguistics at Essex University and Professor of English Linguistics at the University of Vienna.
Format:PaperbackPublished:March 1, 1999Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0194372227

ISBN - 13:9780194372220

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Table of Contents

PrefaceAuthor's prefacesection 1Survey1 Testing, testing . . . What is a language test?Understanding language testingTypes of testTest purposeThe criterionThe test-criterion relationshipConclusion2 Communication and the design of language testsDiscrete point testsIntegrative and pragmatic testsCommunicative language testsModels of communicative abilityConclusion3 The testing cycleUnderstanding the constraintsTest contentTest methodAuthenticity of responseFixed and constructed response formatsTest specificationsTest trialsConclusion4 The rating processEstablishing a rating procedureThe problem with ratersEstablishing a framework for making judgementsRating scalesHolistic and analytic ratingsRater trainingConclusion5 Validity: testing the testThreats to test validityTest contentTest method and test constructThe impact of testsConclusion6 MeasurementIntroductionMeasurementQuality control for ratersInvestigating the properties of individual test itemsNorm-referenced and criterion-referenced measurementNew approaches to measurementConclusion7 The social character of language testsIntroductionThe institutional character of assessmentAssessment and social policyAssessment and educational policyThe social responsibility of the language testerEthical language testingAccountabilityWashbackTest impactCodes of professional ethics for language testersCritical language testingConclusion8 New directions-and dilemmas?Computers and language testingTechnology and the testing of speakingDilemmas: whose performance?section 2Readingssection 3Referencessection 4Glossary

Editorial Reviews

`'Handy, pocket-sized brief survey for readers new to the subject containing an up-to-date overview, short readings and study questions, references and glossary.''The Teacher Trainer