Neurorehabilitation is an expanding field with an increasing clinical impact because of an ageing population. During the last 20 years neurorehabilitation has developed from a discipline with little scientific background, separated from other medical centers, to a medical entity largely basedon the principles of "evidenced based medicine" with strong ties to basic research and clinical neurology. Today neurorehabilitation is still a "work in progress" and treatment standards are not yet established for all aspects of neurorehabilitation. There are very few books that addresscontemporary neurorehabilitation from this perspective. This volume moves the reader from theory to practice. It provides the reader with an understanding of the theoretical underpinnings of neurorehabilitation, as well as a clear idea about how (and why) to approach treatment decisions in individual patients. These clinical recommendations are based ona mix of established evidence and clinical experience that the authors bring to bear on their topics.