This is the updated edition of a medical handbook that deals with basic paediatric and childhood conditions. The book deals with these issues in an accessible, clear, and concise manner. The South African Government's focus on the provision of primary health care makes this text particularlyvaluable as it deals with paediatric issues related to primary health. Due to a shortage of doctors, nursing staff are expected to provide necessary services. This book equips nurses with the skills to deal with the required procedures. The book is therefore aimed primarily at nurses and, beingwritten by paediatricians, is medically sound. It has been overviewed for relevance to nurses. It presents theory in an interactive fashion, to ensure that training takes place for nurses who are required to take on more and more responsibilities in primary health care facilities.