Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State under MacArthur by Ray A. Moore

Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State under MacArthur

byRay A. Moore, Donald L. Robinson

Paperback | March 31, 2004

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In 1945, Japan surrendered unconditionally to the United States and its allies, thereby planting the seed from which would spring one of the world's most successful and stable democracies. In an age when democracy is often pursued, yet rarely accomplished, in which failed democracies are foundthroughout Africa, Latin America, and Asia, Japan's transformation from an utterly defeated military power into a thriving constitutional democracy commands attention. It has long been assumed that postwar Japan was largely the making of America, that democracy was simply imposed on a defeated land. Yet a political and legal system cannot long survive, much less thrive, if resisted by the very citizens it exists to serve. The external imposition of a constitutiondoes not automatically translate into a constitutional democracy of the kind Japan has enjoyed for the past half-century. Apparently Japan, though under military occupation, was ready for what the West had to offer. Ray A. Moore and Donald L. Robinson convincingly show that the country's affirmationof democracy was neither cynical nor merely tactical. What made Japan different was that Japan and the United States-represented in Tokyo by the headstrong and deeply conservative General Douglas MacArthur-worked out a genuine partnership, navigating skillfully among die-hard defenders of theemperor, Japanese communists, and America's opinionated erstwhile allies. No dry recounting of policy decisions and diplomatic gestures, Partners for Democracy resounds with the strong personalities and dramatic clashes that paved the way to a hard-won success. Here is the story of how a devastated land came to construct--at times aggressively and rapidly, at times deliberately and only after much debate-a democracy that stands today as the envy of many other nations.

About The Author

Ray A. Moore is Professor of History and Asian Studies at Amherst College. Donald L. Robinson is Charles N. Clark Professor of Government and American Studies at Smith College. Together they edited The Constitution of Japan: A Documentary History of its Framing and Adoption, 1945-1947.
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Details & Specs

Title:Partners for Democracy: Crafting the New Japanese State under MacArthurFormat:PaperbackDimensions:432 pages, 6.1 × 9.02 × 1.18 inPublished:March 31, 2004Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195171764

ISBN - 13:9780195171761

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Table of Contents

IntroductionFall 19451. "Negotiated Surrender": American Planning and Occupation2. "This Fundamental Problem": MacArthur Saves Hirohito3. "In Good Faith": Japan Considers Constitutional Reform4. "A Rational Way": Konoe and Matsumoto on Constitutional ReformImposing the American Model5. "Only as a Last Resort": The Americans Take Over6. "A Liberal and Enlightened Constitution": The SCAP Model7. "A Very Serious Matter": The Cabinet's Initial Reactions8. "Do Your Best": The Marathon Meeting9. "Grave Danger": The FEC Challenges MacArthur10. "Seize the Opportunity": Re-working the March 6th Draft11. "No Choice But to Abide": The Privy Council and Bureaucrats PrepareTransforming a Draft into a Constitution12. "Along Democratic and Peace-loving Lines": Yoshida Presents his Draft13. "Free and Untrammeled Debate": The Emperor's Prerogatives14. "Fervent Hopes": Pacifism and Human Rights15. "Complex and Labyrinthine": The Structure of Government16. "Fresh Trouble": The House Subcommitte Frames Amendments17. "Fundamental Principles of Democracy": Rights and Imperial Property18. "Sincere and Steady Efforts": Denouement19. "Last Service to the Fatherland": House of Peers Addresses Revision20. "A Borrowed Suit": Peers Accept the InevitableSequel21. "Broaden and Deepen the Debate": Fifty Years Without RevisionConclusionNotesAppendicesBibliographyIndex

Editorial Reviews

"A fascinating inside story of the process of drafting a constitution that achieved widespread accepetance in Japan as the foundation of democracy . . . Highly Recommended." --Choice