Party Building In The Modern Middle East

Hardcover | November 7, 2006

byMichele Penner Angrist

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Why was Turkey - alone of all the modern states that emerged from the Ottoman Empire - the only Middle Eastern country to evolve lasting competitive political institutions? While democratic processes grew steadily in Turkey during the twentieth century, its neighbors turned to forms of authoritarian rule that reinforced the powers of armies, families, single parties, or monarchs. Michele Angrist argues that democracy and dictatorship in the Middle East can be understood by studying the nature and status of political parties operating at the moment of independence.

Looking carefully at Muslim-majority states where parties played a crucial role in state formation between the 1940s and the 1960s, Angrist challenges the idea that Islam, class structures, levels of development, and/or international factors dominated domestic politics in the region. She writes across the regional divides that have isolated Turkish, Arab, and Persian studies from each other. Comparative political scientists, Middle East social scientists, and scholars of Turkey will find here a compelling account of party building and democratization in the modern Middle East.

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From the Publisher

Why was Turkey - alone of all the modern states that emerged from the Ottoman Empire - the only Middle Eastern country to evolve lasting competitive political institutions? While democratic processes grew steadily in Turkey during the twentieth century, its neighbors turned to forms of authoritarian rule that reinforced the powers of a...

Michele Penner Angrist is associate professor of political science at Union College in Schenectady, New York.
Format:HardcoverDimensions:224 pages, 9.02 × 5.98 × 0.83 inPublished:November 7, 2006Publisher:University Of Washington PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0295986468

ISBN - 13:9780295986463

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Table of Contents

AcknowledgmentsIntroduction: Party Systems and Regime Formation in the Middle EastPart I: Explaining Party System Characteristics1. The Emergence of the Preponderant Single-Party Systems2. The Emergence of the Multiparty Systems3. The Emergence of Bipartism in TurkeyPart II: The Impact of Party Systems on Regime Formation4. Preponderant Single Parties and Immediate Authoritarian Rule5. Polarization, Mobilization Asymmetry, and Delayed Authoritarian Rule6. Depolarization, Increased Mobilizational Symmetry, and the Consolidation of Competitive Politics in TurkeyConclusion: The Arguments in Middle East and Comparative PerspectiveNotesBibliographyIndex

Editorial Reviews

Just when all the conversation about the Middle East starts to revolve around issues of democracy and democratization, we have here a volume that tackles the subject head on. Angrist provides fresh insights and suggests new ways of understanding democratization in the Middle East and beyond.

- Resat Kasaba, University of Washington