Peacemakers: The Iroquois, the United States, and the Treaty of Canandaigua, 1794 by Michael Leroy ObergPeacemakers: The Iroquois, the United States, and the Treaty of Canandaigua, 1794 by Michael Leroy Oberg

Peacemakers: The Iroquois, the United States, and the Treaty of Canandaigua, 1794

byMichael Leroy Oberg

Paperback | August 14, 2015

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Peacemakers: The Iroquois, the United States, and the Treaty of Canandaigua, 1794 offers a glimpse into how native peoples participated in the intercultural diplomacy of the New Nation and how they worked to protect their communities against enormous odds. The book introduces students, indetail, to the Treaty of Canandaigua, which is little known outside of Central New York. It examines how the Six Nations of the Iroquois secured from the United States a recognition of their sovereign status as separate polities with the right to the "free use and enjoyment" of their lands. In the fall of 1794 leaders from the Six Nations of the Iroquois met with officials from the U.S. in Canandaigua, New York. Iroquois leaders sought the restoration of lands they had lost a decade before at the coercive treaty of Fort Stanwix, which was negotiated with delegates sent from theAmerican Congress under the Articles of Confederation. They felt cheated and aggrieved. The Iroquois delegates also sought the "brightening" of the Covenant Chain alliance which historically had linked the Six Nations to their non-Indian friends and allies. President George Washington sent TimothyPickering to represent the U.S. at Canandaigua. Washington instructed Pickering to secure from the Six Nations a pledge to take no part in the powerful Indian uprising then occurring in the Northwest Territory. Washington, Pickering, and others in the national government feared that hostile Indianscould set the young republic's frontiers ablaze from New York through the Carolinas. Land-hungry New Yorkers, who saw in the acquisition and sale of Iroquois lands a means to finance state government without resorting to a politically inexpedient program of taxation, watched closely and with greatsuspicion Pickering's actions. The British, meanwhile, still clung to a number of their posts on American soil in the early-1790s. Quietly, they hoped connections to Indian communities on American territory might restrain the territorial aggressiveness of the young republic.
Michael Leroy Oberg is Distinguished Professor of History at the State University of New York, College at Geneseo, where he has won awards and recognition for both his teaching and research. He is the author of several books including Professional Indian: The American Odyssey of Eleazer Williams (2015) and The Head in Edward Nugent's H...
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Title:Peacemakers: The Iroquois, the United States, and the Treaty of Canandaigua, 1794Format:PaperbackDimensions:216 pages, 8.11 × 5.51 × 0.51 inPublished:August 14, 2015Publisher:OUPLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0199913803

ISBN - 13:9780199913800

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Table of Contents

Editors' ForewordAcknowledgementsIntroduction1. Guswenta2. Broken3. Critically Circumstanced4. St. Clair's Defeat, And Its Consequences5. Disaffected6. Fallen Timbers7. A Treaty at Canandaigua8. "All Causes of Complaint"9. The Long Life of the Treaty of CanandaiguaConclusion

Editorial Reviews

"Peacemakers provides a strong cohesive narrative of the proceedings, and places it firmly within the broader context of U. S.-Indian treaties, and of Native American history and federal Indian policy in the early republic." --Shawn Wiemann, Onondaga Community College