Pediatric Prevention of Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease

Hardcover | July 6, 2006

EditorRonald M. Lauer, Trudy L. Burns, Stephen R. Daniels

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The most common cause of premature death in the U.S. and in many of the world's countries is atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, which includes coronary heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, and stroke. Most epidemiologic studies of risk factors for atherosclerosis have beenconducted in adult populations, yet there is now clear evidence that the atherosclerotic process begins at a very early age. This book reviews recent findings that help physicians identify and manage children and adolescents who are at the highest risk for developing premature cardiovascular diseasein later life. It reviews cholesterol levels, blood pressure levels, body size and tobacco use as risk factors for obesity, diabetes, coronary artery calcification and increased carotid artery intimal-medial thickness; it also discusses the measurement, familial aggregation, tracking and managementof each of these risk factors. The book merges epidemiology and pathophysiology with descriptions of risk factors in childhood and adolescence and how they affect blood vessels and the heart. The organization of the book makes clear the most up-to-date clinical recommendations from the National High Blood Pressure EducationProgram, the National Cholesterol Education Program, the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Heart Association, while also presenting the results of epidemiologic studies that support the clinical recommendations. This provides the reader with both the science and application ofpediatric preventive cardiology. This book is for doctors and other health professionals who practice preventive cardiology in children, adolescents and young adults. It is for school nurses and school administrators who are committed to developing a healthful school environment with appropriate attention to school lunches andphysical activity. For those who teach epidemiology and public health, it provides a complete discussion of pediatric atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease epidemiology. For medical historians, the book also offers an historical perspective on the development of knowledge regarding risk ofcardiovascular disease in children, adolescents and young adults, and the clinical practice of pediatric prevention.

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The most common cause of premature death in the U.S. and in many of the world's countries is atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease, which includes coronary heart disease, peripheral vascular disease, and stroke. Most epidemiologic studies of risk factors for atherosclerosis have beenconducted in adult populations, yet there is now cl...

Trudy L. Burns is at both at the University of Iowa.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:408 pages, 6.18 × 9.29 × 0.98 inPublished:July 6, 2006Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195150651

ISBN - 13:9780195150650

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Table of Contents

Section I - Origins of Cardiovascular Disease1. Henry C. McGill and Alex McMahan: Pathology of Atherosclerosis in Youth and the Cardiovascular Risk Factors2. Jeremiah Stamler, James D. Neaton, Daniel B. Garside and Martha Daviglus: The Major Adult Cardiovascular Diseases: A Global Historical Perspective3. Jeremiah Stamler, Martha Daviglus, Daniel B. Garside, Philip Greenland, Lynn E. Eberly, Lingfeng Yang and James D. Neaton: Low Risk Cardiovascular Status: Impact on Cardiovascular Mortality and LongevitySection II - Measures of the Atherosclerotic Process in Children and Young Adults4. Larry T. Mahoney, Trudy L. Burns, Lawrence F. Bielak and Patricia A. Peyser: Relationship between Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Coronary Artery Calcification5. Patricia H. Davis and Jeffrey D. Dawson: Relationship between Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Carotid Artery Intimal-Medial ThicknessSection III - Cholesterol in Childhood and Adolescence6. Laura E. Beane Freeman, Ronald M. Lauer and William R. Clarke: The Epidemiology of Childhood Cholesterol7. Ronald M. Lauer: Identification and Management of Children and Adolescents with High Cholesterol8. Linda Snetselaar: Dietary Management of and Behavior Change in Children and Adolescents with High CholesterolSection IV - Blood Pressure in Childhood and Adolescence9. Trudy L. Burns and Stephen R. Daniels: The Epidemiology of Childhood Blood Pressure10. Stephen R. Daniels: Identification and Management of Children and Adolescents with High Blood Pressure11. Linda Van Horn and Eileen Vincent: Dietary Management of Children and Adolescents with High Blood PressureSection V - Obesity in Childhood and Adolescence12. Trudy L. Burns, Patricia A. Peyser and Patricia A. Donohoue: The Epidemiology of Childhood Overweight and Obesity13. Andrew M. Tershakovec and Robert I. Berkowitz: Identification and Management of Obese Childre and Adolescents14. Brian E. Saelens: The Need for Physical Activity among Children and Adolescents for Prevention and Treatment of ObesitySection VI - Type 2 Diabetes in Childhood and Adolescence15. Eva Tsalikian and Michael Tansey: The Epidemiology and Management of Type 2 Diabetes in Children and AdolescentsSection VII - Smoking Prevention and Cessation Among Youth16. Cynthia M Goody, John B. Lowe, Mary Lober Aquilino and Esther M. Baker: Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Cigarette Smoking Among Youth17. Mary Lober Aquilino and John B. Lowe: Prevention and Management of Youth Cigarette SmokingSection VIII - Promoting Health in the School Setting18. Russell V. Luepker and Leslie Lytle: Policy and Practice: Changing the Home, School and Community Environment to Promote Health

Editorial Reviews

"This book is a timely work by many prominent contributors summarizing the vast knowledge of the epidemiology of cardiovascular disease and pediatric primary prevention into a concise reference."--Doody's