Penal Reform in Overcrowded Times by Michael TonryPenal Reform in Overcrowded Times by Michael Tonry

Penal Reform in Overcrowded Times

EditorMichael Tonry

Paperback | October 15, 2001

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This volume brings together a collection of articles on penal reform in the United States, Europe, Japan, and other English-speaking countries. Unique and wide-ranging, the volume provides material on penal policy development and research and presents an international, comparative focus.Written by leading national and international authorities, it offers some of the broadest efforts to characterize recent penal trends and to analyze their causes and consequences.
Michael Tonry is at University of Cambridge.
Title:Penal Reform in Overcrowded TimesFormat:PaperbackDimensions:296 pages, 6.1 × 9.21 × 0.59 inPublished:October 15, 2001Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195141253

ISBN - 13:9780195141252

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Table of Contents

ContributorsIntroduction: Penal Policies at the Beginning of the Twenty-First CenturyThe Importance of Penal PolicyThe Determinants of Penal PolicyThe Transferability of Penal PolicyThe Spread of InnovationOne: Penal Developments in AmericaThe Punitiveness StoryThe Sentencing StoryThe Fragmntation StoryThe United StatesMichael Tonry: U.S. Sentencing Systems FragmentingKevin R. Reitz: The Status of Sentencing Guideline Reforms in the United StatesKatherine Beckett: Political Preoccupation with Crime Leads, Not Follows, Public OpinionKatherine Beckett and Bruce Western: The Penal System as Labor Market Institution: Jobs and Jails, 1980-1995Michael Tonry: Why are U.S. Incarceration Rates So High?Early State Guidelines SystemsRichard D. Van Wagenen: Washington State Sentencing Changes, 1994-1997Fritz Rauschenberg: Ohio Guidelines Take EffectCynthia Kempinen: Pennsylvania Revises Sentencing GuidelinesNorth CarolinaRonald F. Wright: North Carolina Prepares for Guidelines SentencingRobin L. Lubitz: Sentencing Changes in North CarolinaRonald F. Wright: Flexibility in North Carolina Structured Sentencing, 1995-1997Two: Penal Developments in Europe and JapanAndre Kuhn: Incarceration Rates across the WorldScandinaviaBritta Kyvsgaard: Penal Sanctions and the Use of Imprisonment in DenmarkNils Jareborg: Sentencing Law, Policy, and Patterns in SwedenPaul Larsson: Norway Prison Use Up Slightly, Community Penalties LotsPatrik Tornudd: Sentencing and Punishment in FinlandTapio Lappi-Seppala: Recent Trends in Finnish Sentencing PolicyGermanyHans-Jorg Albrecht: Sentencing and Punishment in GermanyFranceAnnie Kensey and Pierre Tournier: French Prison Numbers Stable since 1988, but Populations ChangingNetherlandsPeter J. P. Tak: Sentencing and Punishment in the NetherlandsPeter J. P. Tak and Anton M. van Kalmthout: Prison Population Growing Faster in the Netherlands than in the United StatesGerrit Scurer and Reinier van Loon: The Netherlands Adopts Numerical Prosecution GuidelinesAnton M. van Kalmthout and Peter J. P. Tak: New Sanctions Proliferating in the NetherlandsJosine Junger-Tas: Dutch Penal Policies Changing DirectionSwitzerlandMartin Killias, Marcelo F. Aebi, Andre Kuhn, and Simone Ronez: Sentencing in Switzerland in 2000JapanPrison Population in Japan Stable for 30 YearsThree: Penal Developments in English-Speaking CountriesAustraliaArie Freiberg: Sentencing and Punishment in Australia in the 1990sArie Freiberg: Prison Populations Up, Sentencing Policy Harsher in AustraliaArie Freiberg: Understanding Rising Prison Populations in AustraliaCanadaJulian V. Roberts: Reforming Sentencing and Parole in CanadaJane B. Sprott and Anthony N. Doob: Imprisonment Rates in Canada: One Law, 10 OutcomesEngland/WalesAndrew Ashworth: New Sentencing Laws Take Effect in EnglandRod Morgan: English Penal Policies and Prisons: Going for BrokeMichael Hough and Julian V. Roberts: English Believe Sentences Soft and Crime RisingRod Morgan: Imprisonment in England and Wales: Flood Tide, but on the Turn?Andrew Ashworth: English Sentencing: From Enlightenment to Darkness in a DecadeIrelandIan O'Donnell: Sentencing and Punishment in IrelandReferencesAcknowledgments

Editorial Reviews

"Michael Tonry's book succeeds in providing useful information and analyses of fourteen countries. The book is very useful in positing theories and raising questions about the roles of politics, public opinion, and other social factors in shaping developments affecting criminal punishments."--Law and Politics Book Review