People Watching: Social, Perceptual, and Neurophysiological Studies of Body Perception

Hardcover | December 18, 2012

EditorKerri Johnson, Maggie Shiffrar

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The human body has long been a rich source of inspiration for the arts, and artists have long recognized the body's special status. While the scientific study of body perception also has an important history, recent technological advances have triggered an explosion of research on the visualperception of the human body in motion, or as it is traditionally called, biological motion perception. Now reaching a point of burgeoning inter-disciplinary focus, biological motion perception research is poised to transform our understanding of person construal. Indeed, several factors highlight aprivileged role for the human body as one of the most critical classes of stimuli affecting social perception. Human bodies in motion, for example, are among the most frequent moving stimulus in our environment. They can be readily perceived at a physical distance or visual vantage that precludesface perception. Moreover, body motion conveys meaningful psychological information such as social categories, emotion state, intentions, and underlying dispositions. Thus, body perception appears to serve as a first-pass filter for a vast array of social judgments from the routine (e.g., perceived friendliness ininteractions) to the grave (e.g., perceived threat by law enforcement). This book provides an exciting integration of theory and findings that clarify how the human body is perceived by observers.

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The human body has long been a rich source of inspiration for the arts, and artists have long recognized the body's special status. While the scientific study of body perception also has an important history, recent technological advances have triggered an explosion of research on the visualperception of the human body in motion, or as...

Kerri L. Johnson is Assistant Professor of Communication Studies and Psychology at the University of California, Los Angeles. Her research is focused on how people form impressions of one another by using cues in the face and body. Her lab tests both the production and perception of cues that convey identities such as sex, race, age, a...

other books by Kerri Johnson

Format:HardcoverDimensions:416 pages, 10 × 7 × 0.98 inPublished:December 18, 2012Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195393708

ISBN - 13:9780195393705

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Table of Contents

I. Introduction1. Making Great Strides: Advances in Research on the Perception of the Human Body2. Gunnar Johansson, Events, and Biological MotionII. Psychophysics3. Top-Down versus Bottom-up Processing of Biological Motion4. Seeing You through Me: Creating Self-Other Correspondences for Body Perception5. What Does "Biological Motion" Really Mean? Differentiating Visual Percepts of Human, Animal, and Non-biological Motions6. Shape-Independent Processing of Biological Motion7. Action Perception from a Common Coding PerspectiveIII. Development and Individual Differences8. Developmental Origins of Biological Motion Perception9. Experience and the Perception of Biological Motion10. Variability in the Visual Perception of Human Motion as a Function of the Observer's Autistic Traits11. Development of Body Motion Processing in Normalcy and PathologyIV. Social Perspectives12. Person (Mis)Perception? On the Biased Representation of the Human Body13. It's the Way You Walk: Kinematic Specification of Vulnerability to Attack14. Coordinating Social Beings in Motion15. Functionalism Redux: How Adaptive Action Constrains Perception, Simulation, and Evolved IntuitionsV. Neurophysiology16. Neural mechanisms for action observation17. Neural Mechanisms for Biological Motion and Animacy18. The How, When, and Why of Configural Processing in the Perception of Human Movement19. Brain Mechanisms for Social Perception: Moving towards an Understanding of Autism20. From Body Perception to Action Preparation: A Distributed Neural System for Viewing Bodily Expressions of Emotion21. Sensory and Motor Brain Areas Subserving Biological Motion Perception: Neuropsychological and Neuroimaging Studies22. Computational Mechanisms of the Visual Processing of Action StimuliIndex