Perceptual Coherence: Hearing and Seeing

Hardcover | May 4, 2006

byStephen Handel

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The job of any sensory system is to create objects in the world out of the incoming proximal stimulus energy. The energy is neutral; it does not specify the objects itself. Thus, sensory systems must abstract the energy that does specify objects and differentiate it from the noise energy. Theperceptual variables that specify objects for both listening and looking become those of contrast and correlated change across space and time, so that perceiving occurs at several spatial and temporal scales in parallel. Given that the perceptual goals and perceptual variables are equivalent, therules of perceiving will be the same for all senses. The goal of this book is to describe these conceptual similarities and differences between hearing and seeing. Although it is mathematical and conceptually analytical, the book does not make explicit use of advanced mathematical concepts. Each chapter combines information on hearing and seeing, andgives a detailed treatment of a small number of topics. The first three chapters present introductory information, including properties of auditory and visual worlds, how receptive fields are organized to pick out those properties, and whether the receptive fields are optimized to pick up thestructure of the sensory world. Each subsequent chapter considers one type of perceptual element: texture, motion, contrast and noise, color, timbre, and object segmentation. Each type of perceptual situation is described as a problem of discovering the correlated energy, and the research presentedfocuses on how humans manage to perceive given the complicated set of skills required. This book is intended for use in upper-division undergraduate courses in perception and sensation, cognitive psychology, and neuroscience. It will fill the slot between textbooks that cover perception and sensoryphysiology and neuroscience, and more advanced monographs that cover one sense or topic in detail.

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The job of any sensory system is to create objects in the world out of the incoming proximal stimulus energy. The energy is neutral; it does not specify the objects itself. Thus, sensory systems must abstract the energy that does specify objects and differentiate it from the noise energy. Theperceptual variables that specify objects fo...

Stephen Handel is Professor Emeritus of Psychology, University of Tennessee.

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Format:HardcoverDimensions:492 pages, 6.3 × 9.29 × 1.1 inPublished:May 4, 2006Publisher:Oxford University PressLanguage:English

The following ISBNs are associated with this title:

ISBN - 10:0195169646

ISBN - 13:9780195169645

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Table of Contents

1. Basic Concepts2. Transformation of Sensory Information into Perceptual Information3. Characteristics of Auditory and Visual Scenes4. The Transition between Noise (Disorder) and Structure (Order)5. Perception of Motion6. Gain Control and External and Internal Noise7. The Perception of Quality: Visual Color8. Auditory Timbre9. Auditory and Visual Segmentation10. Summing Up

Editorial Reviews

"Far from being a dry recitation of the facts of seeing and hearing, Handel's book is a unique attempt to dig out the similarities and interactions between these two modes of perception. Full of interesting analogies, the book is very provocative and contains enough challenging ideas forindividual readers to be able to find specific ones to puzzle over, whether they are students or professional researchers--and regardless of their theoretical views of perception." --Albert S. Bregman, Emeritus Professor of Psychology, McGill University